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Classical Greece Outcome: Geography & Early Culture.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Greece Outcome: Geography & Early Culture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Greece Outcome: Geography & Early Culture

2 Geography & Early Culture 1.Setting the Stage: a.The geography of the ancient Greeks was considerably different than the previous cultures we have studied. b.The culture of the ancient Greeks was shaped by several different cultures: The Minoans, the Mycenaeans, the Phoenicians, and the Dorians.

3 Where is Greece?

4 Ancient Greece

5 Geography & Early Culture 2.Geography Shapes Greek Life a.Ancient Greece most consisted of a mountainous peninsula jutting out into the Mediterranean Sea b.Over 2,000 Islands in the Aegean and Ionian Seas c.The sea was to Greece what rivers were to Egypt and Mesopotamia d. It was said that the Greeks did not live on the land but around the sea e.The Greeks became master ship builders due to sea trade

6 Physical Map

7 Geography & Early Culture f.Greece lacked natural resources such as farmland, timber, and precious metals g.Rugged mountains covered 3/4ths of ancient Greece. h.The mountains divided up Greece into several different territories and shaped Greek political life i. Uneven terrain made travel difficult j.Large scale irrigation was not possible k.Land could not sustain a large population l.Climate varied from 48 degrees F in winter to 80 degrees F in summer

8 The Minoans

9 Geography & Early Culture 3.Early Cultures Influence the Greeks a.The Minoans i.Gave the Greeks architecture, burial customs, and religious rituals ii.Were outdoorsy and athletic like the Greeks

10 The Phoenicians

11 Geography & Early Culture b.The Phoenicians i.Gave the world the Phonetic Alphabet ii.Were excellent merchant ship builders – influenced Greek ship building


13 The Mycenaeans

14 Geography & Early Culture c.The Mycenaeans i.Influenced Greek religious practice, art, politics, and literature ii.Fought the Trojans at Troy in the Trojan Wars

15 The Dorians

16 Geography & Early Culture d.The Dorians i.Took over after the Mycenaeans ii.Not much is known about the Dorians iii.Known as dark ages of Greek History

17 Geography & Early Culture 5.Greek Culture a.Due to the warm climate, the Greeks enjoyed and participated in outdoor activities b.Due to terrain, the Greeks created city-states c.Review: city-states operate much like independent countries d.Due to city-states, the Greeks were a civilization but not an empire e.The Greeks shared similarities in culture but politics and military differed by city

18 Greek City-States

19 Geography & Early Culture f.Greek epics, or narrative poems, celebrated heroic deeds and characters g. Homer wrote the Iliad (story of the Trojan Wars) and the Odyssey

20 Geography & Early Culture i.Built Triremes : sturdy ships with battering ram in front for battle

21 Greek Architecture Where do you see similar structures today??

22 Geography & Early Culture j.Greeks would pioneer democracy, philosophy, warfare, and architecture k.Gre eks would fight many battles against the superpower at the time: The Persians l. Alexander the Great would blend Greek, Persian, & Egyptian culture as he conquered much of SW Asia

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