Presentation on theme: "Dr. George Paparsenos, CEO DESFA S.A."— Presentation transcript:
1 Dr. George Paparsenos, CEO DESFA S.A. HELLENIC TRANSMISSION SYSTEM OPERATOR (DESFA) “The Revithoussa LNG Terminal for the Gas Supply of South Eastern Europe”. 5th International Black Sea Symposium 2012 “The Black Sea region as an influential crossroad between East and West: A path towards extroversion Athens, Greece, 2 – 4 July 2012Dr. George Paparsenos, CEO DESFA S.A.
2 Contents DESFA’s Profile National Natural Gas System European Energy FrameworkNatural Gas Outlook in Greece and in the Balkan AreaCapacity Development of NNGSDESFA’s prospects under the new European Energy Infrastructure Environment
4 Introduction DESFA is currently a 100% subsidiary of DEPA. DESFA fully owns the National Natural Gas System (NNGS), with full responsibilities regarding (a) the provision of Third Party Access services under non-discriminatory terms, (b) the operation, (c) the maintenance and (d) the development of the gas system.DEPA and DESFA are under privatization process. The interest of investors will determine the model (ITO or OU) that will eventually be applied in transposing EU Directive 2009/73 into the Greek legislation (Law 4001/2011). The Greek State will keep 34 % of the shares of DESFA.DESFA enjoys improving financial results and performance (DESFA is the 17th large company in Greece in 2010 in terms of EBITDA, 27th in 2009)
5 Financial Statements 2009-2011, forecasts BP 2012 - 2021 In Million of EurosDec. 2009Dec. 2010Dec. 2011Dec. 2017Dec. 2021Post Tax Earnings22,534,886,0109,1104,4Earnings Before Interest Taxes Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)83,7101,8155,7188,9173,3Total Equity689,1716,4791,0922,9942,4Total Assets1.4111.3861.4141.6711.573Cash and Cash Equivalent32,259,857,1104,0216,4Gearing Ratio (%)* Maximum value, 26,7 % (2013)31,130,326,018,1*11,7
7 Currently, the NNGS comprises of: A main pipeline of app. 512 km for the transmission of natural gas through the three gas entries to the Greek territory (Greek/Bulgarian borders in the North, Greek/Turkish borders in the East and LNG terminal in the South).Branch pipelines of total length 717 km for the transmission of high pressure gas across the country.One LNG receiving terminal on Revithoussa island in the gulf of Megara. The LNG supply from Algeria was initially conceived as back – up to the pipeline supply from Russia (security of supply) and for covering peak demand. Over the time, the LNG supply, including more sources in addition to Algeria, covered base – load demand.Line Valve Stations and Metering and Regulating Stations.
9 GREEK GAS IMPORT POINTS UTILIZATION IN 2011 Agia Triada (LNG Terminal) Entry PointTechnical capacity (Nm3/d)Actual Volume passed (bcm/yr)Actual load factor/utilization rate with ref. to technical capacityGreek/Bulgarian Border2,6560,75Greek/Turkish Border0,6680,67Agia Triada (LNG Terminal)1,1550,25TOTAL4,4790,49peak market demandtotal market load factor with ref. to peak demandNote: Nm3 refer to 0oC and 1 atm
10 The Revithousa LNG terminal Capacity2011Unloading(m3 LNG/h)7.250Storage(m3 LNG)Send out1.000(5,1 bcma)Max carrierReliability problems in pipeline supply of Greece in 2009 and Decisive role of Revithousa LNG Terminal in overcoming gas supply crises in SEE in both periods of time.
13 Energy policy in E.U. is strongly influenced by Environmental policy Long term solution for the earth-quake prone regions (i.e. Balkans):RES + Energy Conservation + GASGas is necessary since RES production inherently intermittentGas power plants & infrastructure will operate by addressing peaks more frequently.Cost of energy will rise
14 Gas-to-gas competition is vital to stabilize prices Gas-to-gas competition is vital to stabilize prices. The role of LNG Terminals has been recognizedSecurity of gas supply is also vital, as electricity security of supply will depend on that of gas. The role of gas storages and LNG terminals is importantThe transition to the new Energy System requires massive investments in Electricity and Gas Networks and Interoperability of the networks of the member states.The role of the State /E.U. is vital : facilitating permits, financial support of investments in infrastructure, financial support of investments in RES, security of basic regulation principles → E.U. Energy Infrastructure Package
16 Natural Gas demand historical data (million Nm3 / yr) 16Natural Gas demand historical data (million Nm3 / yr)4591400117.1%38223651337312.2%12.6%314816.8%18.8%267014.2%14.2%15.8%16.8%2514228711.4%20228.5%18.5%18.6%190618837.0%21.4%1.5%4.0%5.7%19.5%20.7%66.1%141920.1%19.7%71.6%61.8%62.7%0.9%19.9%73.6%23.0%67.2%28.9%67.9%79372.0%75.5%76.1%74.6%72.9%1.6%36.7%70.2%61.7%
17 Gas Fired Power Plants connected to the NNGS The existing and the under construction gas fired power plants for the next years areensuring the increase of the gas demand in the Greek gas marketGas Fired Power Plants connected to the NNGSPower PlantTechnologyInstalled Power (MW)OwnerKomotiniCC495,0PPCLavrio III180,0Lavrio IV560,0Lavrio V385,3Ag.Georgios VIIIConventional160,0Ag.Georgios IX200,0ELPEDISON POWER I390,0ELPEDISON POWERELPEDISON POWER II421,6ALOUMINIONCHP334,0ALOUMINION S.A.IRON IOC147,8IRON THERMOELECTRIKIIRON II435,0PROTERGIA430,1PROTERGIA S.A.CORINTHOS POWER436,6TOTAL4.575,4PPC: 43,2%IPPs: 56,8%
18 Gas Fired Power Plants expected to be connected (Table cont’d)Gas Fired Power Plants expected to be connectedPower PlantTechnologyInstalled Power (MW)OwnerALIVERICC400PPCMEGALOPOLI850TOTAL1250
19 Natural Gas supply historical data in the Greek market (million Nm3/yr) 457140103851365325.7%3133337923.2%23.5%268323.4%249529.7%18.5%22861928204315.8%193717.5%22.7%142124.9%24.6%26.4%80075.4%73.6%75.1%77.3%82.5%81.5%76.8%76.5%76.6%70.3%74.3%100%84.2%100%
20 The Greek gas market has been liberalized since May 2010, after the secondary legislation for the liberalization of the Gas Market was first issued in April 2010 (code for the management of the NNGS, Regulation of measurements of the NNGS, etc.). Updated code for the management of the NNGS was published on 12/10/2011 by RAE addressing additional issues (i.e. procedures for development of the Network, provision of services for interruptible gas flows, reverse and backhaul flows, etc)New Shippers were activated in the NNGS from the Entry Point Agia Triada since May 2010The transposition of 3rd Energy Package into the Greek Legislation (directive 09/73, etc) was completed and the new law was published on the 22/08/2011.
22 Market response : competition A 15% loss of market share for the incumbentA drop in the average gas price, as demonstrated by the offers in the electricity poolA 45% increase in the utilization rate of the LNG terminalDiversification of LNG sourcesFirst (bilateral) trading arrangements between eligible customers, through resale of gasEmergence of new players with a long-term view…
30 In the framework of the Greek & European Legislation, DESFA promotes, plans and develops new projects which are going(a) to cover the increasing natural gas demand, and(b) to enhance the transportation capacity of the NNGS either for Greece or for European Union and at the same time turn Greece to an energy hub in the region of South East Europe
31 Financial status of DESFA in relation to investments realization 5-year Development Plan approved by the Ministry after RAE’s written agreement10-year Business PlanFinancial support of the main projects by the Cohesion Fund for Greece approved by the competent ministries.Financing of new projects from European Investment Bank loans.Active Participation in the European Commission Infrastructure Initiative.Acceptable Debt to Equity ratio (Credit Ratio of DESFA AA, ICAP June 2011)Improving financial results and performance of DESFA (DESFA is the 17th large company in Greece in 2010 in terms of EBITDA, 27th in 2009)
33 Implemented Gas Projects since the establishment of DESFA Completion of NNGS projects started by DEPA277 million €Other NNGS projects since the establishment of DESFA14 million €Total291 million €NNGS Main Projects under constructionHigh Pressure branch line to Aliveri(under final stage of construction)74 million €Compression station in Nea Mesimvria(under commissioning)61 million €High Pressure Branch to Megalopolis(under construction)130 million €2nd Expansion of Revithoussa receiving terminal (included in the Development PLAN 2010 – 2014) (EPC Tendering phase)159 million €424 million €
34 Upgrade approved in the current Development Plan of the TSO 2nd Expansion of Revithoussa receiving terminalCapacity20112015Unloading (m3 LNG/h)7.250Storage(m3 LNG)Send out (m3 LNG/h)1.000(5,1 bcma)1.400(7,1 bcma)Max carrier (m3 LNG)Upgrade approved in the current Development Plan of the TSO
35 Reasons behind the 2nd Expansion of Revithoussa receiving terminal Storage increase: Increase of (a) Security of Supply, (b) Flexibility of Operation, (c) CompetitionCarriers increased capacity: Access of almost all the carries availableSending out increase: Coverage of (a) higher peaks, (b) disruptions of supply and Hydraulic Balance of the gas systemCreation of conditions for (a) loading of small lng vessels for isolated areas (b) increase of cool down servicesSecond LNG wave is coming with capacity increase by 85 bcm between now and 2017
36 Planned projectsSouth Stream Project. Operation of Joint Company DESFA - GAZPROM, South Stream Greece S.A., since June Feasibility study and preliminary environmental examination have been completed for the section in Greece. GAZPROM seems to give time priority to the development of northern route (BG-RS-HU-SI-IT). The southern route (BG-GR-IT) to be decided later on.NNGS Infrastructure in Northern Greece concerning transportation of Caspian gas to Europe. Basic Engineering of the pipeline Komotini ‑ Thesprotia has been finalized within the scope of ITGI project (Mar. 2012). Preliminary Environmental Assessment and Examination approved by the competent Ministry in Dec Following the decision of Shah Deniz II Consortium, DESFA is evaluating the cooperation with TAP.Underground Storage SOUTH KAVALA. DESFA is following up the developments for a possible participation in, or cooperation with, the licensee scheme. Coupling with lng station at Revithousa for lowering respective tariffs.NNGS Infrastructure to exploit the eastern Mediterranean gas availability (Israel, Cyprus, other Middle East). Due to the geographical position of Greece between eastern sources of gas and North Africa ones, in the near future, the Greek Network will be even more developed into a major corridor to Europe for new gas sources
37 Greek Part of South Stream 640 (onshore) + 840 (offshore) million € Planned Main ProjectsGreek Part of South Stream(Feasibility phase and preliminary environmental examination completed )640 (onshore) (offshore) million €High Pressure pipeline Komotini Thesprotia & Compression Station at Kipi(included in the Development Plan 2010 – 2014) (Technical studies phase)1150 million € + 70 million €Underground Storage SOUTH KAVALA(The concession of underground reservoir under examination )300 million €
38 Planned projects (Cont.) Interconnections with the neighboring countries. Cooperation with Bulgarian counterparts to develop reverse flow Greece – Bulgaria (Actual and Virtual). The Greek Network Code allows for fully use of virtual reverse flows (backhaul flows - swaps). The feasibility and technical studies for actual reverse flows with Bulgarian counterpart are under development.3rd Expansion of Revithoussa receiving terminal. Via an FSU or FS(R)U solution.The coupling of the expanded Revithousa LNG terminal with the interconnection projects creates the conditions for establishing a gas hub in Greece for the SE Europe. This is enhanced by the possibilities of reverse or virtual reverse flow of the interconnected networks, esp. the Italian ones.
39 Agia Triada (LNG Terminal) Future Technical Capacities of Gas Entry Points of Greek Gas Network (Nm3 /d)Entry PointExisting capacitiesStep After the operation of the CS at N. Messimvria (expected mid. 2012)Step After the 2nd Upgrade of the LNG Terminal (expected in 2016)Step After installation of CS at Kipi, upgrade of the CS at N. Messimvria and upgrade of the Turkish NetworkStep After implementation of the transit project(s), upgrade of the CS at Kipi and upgrade of the Turkish NetworkGreek/Bulgarian BorderGreek/Turkish BorderAgia Triada (LNG Terminal)TOTALNote: Nm3 refers to 0oC and 1 atm
40 Adequacy of gas infrastructure in the Balkan area “The existing infrastructure and the one with final investment decision cover the current capacity needs (up to 2020) but cannot meet future needs”Source: Southern Corridor GRIP , April 2012
41 WHY INTERCONNECTIONS ?To mitigate the effect of the imbalance between wind & photovoltaic production and market demand in a specific member-stateTo increase security of supply of electricity and gas in the whole regionTo decrease monopolistic effects in the gas supply in a member stateBENEFIT TO ALL THE INTERCONNECTED STATES
42 Reverse flows : Actual & Virtual (swaps) Gas Interconnections of GreecewithExistingPlannedBulgariaPetrich –Karperi(3,94 bcma)Komotini – Stara Zagora (IGB)(3-5 bcma)Karperi-Petrich(1 bcma -3,94 bcma)TurkeyKaracabey – Komotini (1,7 bcma)Expansion to11 bcmaAlbania / ItalyKomotini-Albania-Brindisi (TAP)(10 – 20 bcma) orKomotini-Perdika-Brindisi (IGI)(8-12 bcma) with branch to AlbaniaLNGIPAnyone who wishes to transport gas through the Greek NGTS has to sign a Standard Transportation Agreement with DESFA and become a Shipper.
43 DESFA’s prospects under the new European Energy Infrastructure Environment
44 Following public consultation, decision by RAE for a new tariff system (entry – exit tariff system) is expected soon.Active Participation in the newly established ENTSOG (European TSOs organization) that prepares the new Network Codes on a pan-European level, according to the 3rd Energy package.Active Participation in the European Commission Infrastructure Initiative.
45 E.C. INFRASTRUCTURE INITIATIVE To face the delays in infrastructure implementation, in view of their importance in the future energy picture, E.C. proposed, in October 2011, a new draft Regulation for the implementation of trans European energy networks (‘Infrastructure Regulation”)This initiative identifies a limited number of trans-European priority corridors. It then aims at implementing these priorities by:- Streamlining permit granting procedures- Facilitating the regulatory treatment concerning investment recovery and return- Provide necessary financial support under the “Connecting Europe Facility”.
47 Projects of Common Interest Selection principles Gas projects:Diversification: giving priority to diversification of sources, diversification of counterparts and diversification of routesincrease in interconnection levelreduction of market concentration(Source: DG ENER)
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