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NOTES. Christopher Columbus – Wanted to find route to China and Asia Trade/fortune King and Queen financed trip – Queen thought trip could spread Catholicism.

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Presentation on theme: "NOTES. Christopher Columbus – Wanted to find route to China and Asia Trade/fortune King and Queen financed trip – Queen thought trip could spread Catholicism."— Presentation transcript:

1 NOTES

2 Christopher Columbus – Wanted to find route to China and Asia Trade/fortune King and Queen financed trip – Queen thought trip could spread Catholicism

3 August 3, 1492 – Sails to the Americas – Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria

4 Land in Bahamas, think they are in the Indies in Southeast Asia – Named new land San Salvador, for the Holy Savior – Named natives indios

5 Wanted to colonize First colony: Santo Domingo on Hispaniola

6 The King and Queen withdraw support – Rumored to have been torturing and enslaving natives – He never found a passage to Asia

7 Spanish explorers looking for riches want to conquer the continent

8 1519 – Spanish explorer Pineda makes first map of Texas coastline

9 Hernan Cortes Cortes explores continent – Searching for riches

10 Emperor Moctezuma Moctezuma thinks Cortes is a god Cortes takes advantage – Fighting breaks out – Spanish take over Tenochtitlan

11 Tenochtitlan Changed name of city to Mexico City

12 Panifilo de Narvaez Narvaez was granted Florida Could colonize these lands to Mexico Explored/stranded Died in hurricane on makeshift rafts

13 Survivors Land in Galveston Bay Encounter Karankawas Diseases/conditions- many die explorers and Natives

14 Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca 2 nd in Command – Narvaez expedition Estavanico – First African in Texas With Natives – 6 years Traveled to Mexico – 18 months

15 Seven Cities of Cibola Cabeza de Vaca – Told officials of Cibola Estavenico and Friar Niza sent to find city Estavenico killed Niza – rooftops of gold

16 Francisco Vasquez de Coronado Coronado searches for cities of gold – Doesn’t find them – Met El Turco in Tiguex – El Turco leads to Quivira Supposed to have riches None El Turco killed

17 Hernando de Soto De Soto leaves from Spain 1539 Searches for Cibola – Explores Florida & many southern states – No riches – Biggest southern exploration

18 Spain Establishes Missions Spanish begin to establish cities and Missions – Other competition – First city – Santa Fe 1610 – In Texas – Mission of Corpus Christi de la Ysleta 1682

19 La Salle La Salle travels the Mississippi River – At mouth of river April 9, 1682 – Named land La Louisiane (Louisiana) after King Louis XIV

20 Colony La Salle asks the King for funding to establish colony Colony at mouth of river – strategic – Keep track of Spanish – Trade – Good soil – crops – missionaries

21 La Salle faces obstacles La Salle’s ships raided by bucaneers – Colonists wanted to go home Past the mouth of Mississippi

22 Galveston Bay-Matagorda Bay land in Galveston bay – go on to Matagorda Bay – Lose a ship and supplies from it

23 Karankawas French encounter Karankawas – Friendly – They have French supplies from shipwreck – French try to battle natives to get supplies back – Become hostile – they receive no help acclimating

24 La Salle looks for a way home Tries to find Mississippi by land – many die in these attempts Finally decides to go home – He is shot on this voyage Colony is a failure – Everyone (adults) killed – 6 children - only survivors

25 Explorers Timeline Columbus reaches the Americas 1519 – Alvarez de Pineda explores Gulf Coast of Texas Cabeza de Vaca Reports on Texas 1541 – Coronado leads expedition into Texas 1542 – De Soto-Moscoso expedition reaches East Texas 1610 – Juan do Onate establishes Santa Fe 1682 – Spaniards established the first mission, Corpus Christi de la Ysleta 1685 – La Salle established Fort St. Louis


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