Presentation on theme: "October 1983. Grenada is a small island located in the Carribean. Grenada was a former British Colony and part of the commonwealth. Maurice Bishop."— Presentation transcript:
Grenada is a small island located in the Carribean. Grenada was a former British Colony and part of the commonwealth. Maurice Bishop took power from the former unpopular despotic regime on March 13, 1979 in a almost bloodless coup.
The United States of America.,Main aggressors in invasion. Grenada split between Maurice Bishop backed by New Jewel movement, and The Grenadian Army Other Caribbean nations, played parts in supporting Grenada or U.S.A
Maurice Bishop and the New Jewel Movement (NJM) were working toward a socialist government. Relations with communist countries such as Cuba gained disapproval from U.S Economic pressuring of Grenada by U.S caused Grenada to look to Cuba for more assistance. Maurice Bishop and Fidel Castro
Grenada received funds to build airport at Port Salines. U.S. argued that the airport was unnecessary and was really for communist militaristic purposes. Assassination of Maurice Bishop and high ranking officials of NJM by Grenadian Military sparks U.S. Intervention.
Operation Urgent Fury U.S. and nations of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) invade Grenada. U.S. most dominant military force involved. U.S. mostly destroys Grenadian resistance.
U.S. AND OECSGRENADA AND CUBA Initially around 1,200 U.S. soldiers rising to 7,000 over a short period of time. Around 300 OECS soldiers About 1,500 Grenadians and around 700 Cubans were the resistance forces. CASUALTIES: Cuba: 25 killed 59 wounded 638 captured Grenada:45 killed 358 wounded U.S: 19 Killed 116 wounded At least 24 civilian casualties
Justified Invasion as a rescue mission of medical students studying in Grenada. Also used formal plea from OECS as justification Ultimately wanted to stop another Cuba from springing up in Caribbean
U.S. Victory replacing the “communist” government and replacing with pro-western. First American military victory since Vietnam. Grenadian government left in a downfall.
Vast majority of population approved. However, some believed no Americans were truly in danger before or after the Invasion. Overall public support of Regan increased, as well as military support.
Proved U.S. would not stand to see pro- Marxist/communist governments in Western Hemisphere Negative world view on U.S. even by strong allies brought controversy. Public support for Regan Administration raised.
Overall many Grenadians relieved to have some order restored. Accepted the invasion as a liberation of Grenada.
Government left unstable Economy collapsed Poverty and unemployment rose for next few years. Dependant on American aid for years following.
Highly negative reaction even from some of U.S. closest allies. United Nations condemned the armed intervention in Grenada U.S. seen as having no respect for international law and legality of a country.
Proved U.S. commitment to stop communism in Americas. Gained popular support for Regan Administration. Raised Anti-American sentiment in the world. Left Grenada free but ruined.