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What is a worldview? A “worldview” refers to a comprehensive conception of the world from a specific standpoint. A “Christian worldview,” then, is a comprehensive.

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Presentation on theme: "What is a worldview? A “worldview” refers to a comprehensive conception of the world from a specific standpoint. A “Christian worldview,” then, is a comprehensive."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is a worldview? A “worldview” refers to a comprehensive conception of the world from a specific standpoint. A “Christian worldview,” then, is a comprehensive conception of the world from a Christian standpoint. An individual’s worldview is his “big picture,” a harmony of all his beliefs about the world. It is his way of understanding reality. One’s worldview is the basis for making daily decisions and is therefore extremely important.

2 6 Major Worldviews Biblical Christianity Islam Secular Humanism Marxism-Leninism Cosmic Humanism Post-Modernism

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4 Biblical Christianity

5 What is Theism? The Belief in a supernatural God.

6 What are the 2 foundations upon which Christian theism rests?_________ and _________. General Revelation Special Revelation

7 General Revelation: God’s communication- through nature and conscience-regarding His existence. (Romans 1:18-20) Special Revelation: God’s more specific communication- through the Bible and Jesus Christ-about salvation and His nature.

8 Argument for Design: Argument that purports that if something is designed then it has a designer.

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10 Trinitarian Theism: The belief in One God who exists as three separate persons-Father, Son, and Spirit.

11 What is the linchpin of Christianity?

12 Test Question When C.S. Lewis says, “Unless I believe in God, I can’t believe in thought,” what does he mean? (see page 46 in your textbooks) It makes much more sense to think that our own rational thought processes are the product of some higher intelligence rather than billions of years of random incidents. Human reasoning must be suspect if it is not the result of a previous reasoning process.

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14 What are some of the characteristics of the personal God? From the following biblical references what do we learn about these characteristics? Daniel 4:35 -Proverbs 15:3 -Exodus 32: John 10:28 -Hebrews 1:10 -Isaiah 46:8-11 -Genesis 6:17-7:24 -Romans 3:24; 5:8; 6:11.

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17 Monotheism: The belief in one God

18 Qur’an states that Muhammad was: -last of God’s true prophets. -the One prophet for all humankind -the receiver of the ultimate authoritative scripture, which was preserved without error: the Qur’an. -the husband of wives. One by the name of Aisha of whom he consummated their marriage when she was 9 years old.

19 5 Pillars of Faith * Confession of faith. * Establishment of the daily prayers. (5x a day) * Concern for and almsgiving to the needy. (2.5 %) * Self-purification through fasting. * The pilgrimage to Mecca for those who are able. *Sometimes a 6 th (Jihad) a. Battle against temptation and control b. Battle against anyone who opposes Islam

20 Qur’anHadith The traditions of the teachings, rulings, and actions of Muhammad and his early and chief companions. From these traditions are derived from Sunna, which are the actions of Muhammad that are viewed as exemplary. Muslims believe that the Qur’an is the literal word of God (Arabic Allah) and the culmination of God’s revelation to mankind as revealed to Muhammad (the final prophet of humanity) over a period of 23 years through the angel Jibril.

21 How does Christianity fulfill Judaism? Islam claims to fulfill Christianity, but why can this not be true?

22 Unitarian Theism: The belief in one God in one person (i.e. no trinity)

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26 The denial of the existence of a supernatural God. The philosophical belief that evidence for the existence of God is lacking or inconclusive. ATHEISTVS.AGNOSTIC

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28 Humanism: The belief that humanity is the highest of all beings and truth and knowledge rest in science and human reason. Isaiah 55:8-9: For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth. So are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts. (Finite vs. Infinite)

29 Key Secular Humanists: Paul Kurtz Richard Dawkins Christopher John Dewey HItchens

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31 Humanist Manifesto: The title of three manifestos laying out a Secular Humanist worldview They are Humanist Manifesto I (1933), Humanist Manifesto II (1973), and Humanist Manifesto III or Planetary Humanism (2000). The central theme of all three is an elaboration of a philosophy and value system that does not include a belief in God.

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33 MARXISM-LENINISM

34 Religion is opium for the people. Religion is a sort of spiritual booze……. -V.I. Lenin

35 To be a Marxist means one must adhere to atheism. Why?

36 Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels

37 Communist Manifesto: First published on February 21, 1848, and is one of the world’s most influential political tracts. Commissioned by the Communist League and written by communist theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, it laid out the League’s purposes and program. The Manifesto suggested a course of action for a proletarian revolution to overthrow capitalism and, eventually, to bring about a classless society*

38 The Empire (2000): Written by Michael Hardt of Duke University and Antonio Negri. The Quest for a Godless World Continues. *considered the latest manifesto.

39 Ideas have Consequences

40 China: Mao Zedong took control over China in 1949 and proclaimed China as the People's Republic of China, a communist country. China has remained consistently communist since 1949 although economic reforms have been in place for several years. China has been called "Red China" due to the communist party's control over the country. Cuba: A revolution in 1959 led to the taking over of the Cuban government by Fidel Castro. By 1961, Cuba became a fully communist country and developed close ties to the Soviet Union. Laos: Officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic, became a communist country in 1975 following a revolution that was supported by Vietnam and the Soviet Union. North Korea: Korea which was captured by Japan in World War II, was divided following the war into a Soviet north and American south. Despite being led by the USSR beginning in 1945, North Korea did not become a communist country until Vietnam: Vietnam was partitioned at a 1954 conference that followed the First Indochina War. While the partition was supposed to be temporary, North Vietnam became communist and supported by the Soviet Union while South Vietnam was democratic and supported by the United States. Following two decades of war, the two parts of Vietnam were unified and in 1976, Vietnam as a unified country became a communist country.

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43 Shirley Maclaine: “I am God”

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45 Pantheism: the belief that god is everything and that everything is god.

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48 “The wayward stepchild of Marxism”

49 Postmodernism is a continuation of other Marxist ideas, namely atheism, socialism, punctuated evolution, and the socially constructed, among others.

50 Friedrich Nietzsche: “God is dead, we have killed Him.” What did he mean by this?

51 Death of God Theology: A movement that flourished in the 1960’s and 1970’s, essentially promoting the idea that religion did not need to invoke “God” in the area of theology.

52 Religious Pluralism: The conviction that we should be tolerant of all religious beliefs because no one religion can be true.

53 Emergent Church: A relatively new movement of Christians who are incorporating elements of Postmodernism within their theology.

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55 1. A critique of the negative aspects of modernism. 2. A strong emphasis on community 3. A strong emphasis on putting one’s faith into action. 4. A reminder that not all truth is propositional

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