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Communism. Definition of Communism A political or economic system in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather.

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Presentation on theme: "Communism. Definition of Communism A political or economic system in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communism

2 Definition of Communism A political or economic system in which the major resources and means of production are owned by the community rather than by individuals

3 Definition of Communism (continued) Communists traditionally have called for government ownership rather than private ownership of land, factories, and other economic resources (the means of production) There is also government planning of economic activities

4 Definition of Communism (continued) A long-range goal of communism is a society that provides equality and economic security for all

5 Karl Marx German philosopher that transformed communism into a revolutionary movement

6 Karl Marx (continued) Marx's basic ideas were first expressed in the Communist Manifesto (1848), a pamphlet that he wrote with Friedrich Engels (a German economist) Both Marx and Engels lived during the Industrial Revolution when factories were being built and people worked in horrible conditions

7 Karl Marx (continued) Marx believed the only way to ensure a happy, harmonious society was to put the workers in control His ideas were partly a reaction against hardships suffered by workers in England, France, and Germany during the Industrial Revolution

8 Karl Marx (continued) Marx believed that the triumph of communism was inevitable Marx claimed that the owners of factories and other means of productionthe ruling classused their economic power to force their will on the working class

9 Karl Marx (continued) Marx assumed that the ruling class would never willingly give up power As a result, he believed that struggle and violence were inevitable to overthrow this system

10 Karl Marx (continued) Marx called for the abolition of capitalism, an economic system in which the means of production are privately owned

11 Karl Marx (continued) Under capitalism, Marx argued the bourgeoisie (the haves) were the owners and managers of the means of production and the workers, or proletariat (the have- nots), were being exploited

12 Karl Marx (continued) Marx believed that eventually the workers would revolt against capitalism and take control of the means of production and set-up a classless, communist society

13 Examples of Communism Communism came to the Soviet Union in 1917 as a result of the Russian Revolution – It would last until the 1990s when communism collapsed Communism came to China through a revolution in 1949 and the Peoples Republic of China was born

14 Examples of Communism (continued) Throughout the s communism also spread to various countries in Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia In 1959 communism came to Cuba through a revolution as Fidel Castro took power

15 References Information courtesy of World Book Online Encyclopedia


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