Core 1 Core 2 *Anything gold is hyperlinked throughout PowerPoint
CORE 1 French Motives of Imperialism in Indochina French Methods of Imperialism in Indochina Map of Indochina
MOTIVES BEHIND FRENCH IMPERIALISM Economic Religious Exploratory New markets overseas (tin, coal, cotton, rice, pepper, etc.) Expansion of French economy and trade Promote capitalism around the world New markets overseas (tin, coal, cotton, rice, pepper, etc.) Expansion of French economy and trade Promote capitalism around the world Expansion of French territory and overseas empire Spread of Catholicism
FRENCH METHODS OF IMPERIALISM Direct Control Paternalism Assimilation France controlled the daily activities of government in the Indochina colonies through white French officials. French language became official language of Indochina, and a capitalist economy was established. Indochinese subjects were expected to dress, behave, speak, etc. as the French would French language became official language of Indochina, and a capitalist economy was established. Indochinese subjects were expected to dress, behave, speak, etc. as the French would French often treated subjects like children, believing they were unable to govern themselves. Jules Ferry on French Colonial Expansion One of many French Indochina flags
JULES FERRY ON FRENCH IMPERIALISM: http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/mod/ 1884ferry.asp Jules Ferry was the Prime Minister of France from 1880-1881 and from 1883-1885 and was a strong supporter of French colonial expansion.
CORE 2 Gaining Independence Modern Vietnam Map of Vietnam in relation to Indochina
VIETNAM GAINING INDEPENDENCE During WWII Japan had control of Indochina France took it back when the war ended Vietnam declared independence in 1945, but French resisted Ho Chi Minh led rebellion against France in 1946 Ho Chi Minh Fighting between French and Viet Minh occurred from 1946-1954 Viet Minh May 1954, French surrendered at Dien Bien PhuDien Bien Phu Geneva Peace Conference gave Vietnam its independence but divided it at the 17 th parallel Ho Chi Minh was given control of North Vietnam and pro-French Vietnamese were given control of South Vietnam Ho Chi Minh giving a speech with the Vietnamese flag waving behind him.
HO CHI MINH Grew up under French oppression, fueled his anger and reputation as a troublemaker Leader of the Vietnam independence communist movement Founder of the Viet Minh Did not care how much violence it took to achieve his goals Perfected the art of guerilla warfare "You can kill 10 of my men for every one I kill of yours, yet even at those odds, you will lose and I will win." His leadership helped defeat France, and later the United States
VIET MINH Coalition that wanted a communist independent Vietnam Founded by Ho Chi Minh Fought French using guerilla war tactics Received assistance from communist China and Soviet Union Known for relentless and brutal warfare A group of eight Viet Minh
DIEN BEIN PHU Final battle of the French vs. Viet Minh March 13 – May 8, 1954 Viet Minh attacked the French stronghold at Dien Bien Phu Great opportunity for Viet Minh Out in the open, surrounded by mountains Ho Chi Minh surrounded the base with 40,000 troops and heavy artillery Outnumbered the French 13,000 troops French gave up after 57 days of battering Symbolized the end of French influence in Indochina Footage from Dien Bien Phu Viet Minh watch French supplies being dropped into Dien Bein Phu
FOOTAGE FROM DIEN BIEN PHU Primary source video of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu and the French surrender that followed
MODERN VIETNAM GovernmentSocietyEconomy Relationship between French Imperialism and Modern Vietnam
EFFECTS OF FRENCH IMPERIALISM ON MODERN VIETNAM French imperialism gave rise to the Viet Minh Allowed Ho Chi Minh to gain power Established communist government that exists today Led Vietnam to victory against U.S. in Vietnam War Seen as a hero in Vietnam today Many French buildings remain today Hammer and sickle is the international symbol of communism
GOVERNMENT Single party system Communist Party of Vietnam Socialist Republic Reputation for repressing human rights Civil Law System European style law system National Congress elects officials President Truong Tan Sang Elected in 2011 Capital city of Hanoi Country broken up into 58 provinces Flag of Vietnam
ECONOMY GDP per capita of $3,600 170 ranking in the world 2012 estimate Economy rapidly growing Currency of the Dong 1 Dong = $.000047 Focus economy on agriculture and industry Rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, cashews, sugar cane, etc. Food processing, shoes, mining, glass, tires, cell phones, oil, etc. 49.18 million labor force Decreasing unemployment rate 4.3% in 2012, 2.3% in 2013 Vietnamese Dongs
SOCIETY 89.3 million current citizens Official language is Vietnamese English second 80% of population have no religion Largest city is Ho Chi Minh city with 5.976 million people 72.65 life expectancy 1.78% obesity rate 11.3% poverty rate 93.4% literacy rate Growing HIV/AIDS problem Population Graph Ho Chi Minh City
This graph shows the growing number of people in Vietnam being affected by HIV over the course of 21 years. As you can see, the HIV rate has been on a steady rise since 1990.
This chart from 2013 shows the number of people living in Vietnam from different age groups. You can see that Vietnamese most populated age group in those in their twenties.