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Word File Sentences Patterns Expansion Writing Practice.

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2 Word File Sentences Patterns Expansion Writing Practice

3 I. the + Adj → N “The + Adjective” is used to talk about certain group of people, especially those in a particular physical or social condition. the disabled the handicapped the blind the deaf the wounded the rich the old the young the jobless the homeless the injured the dead the learned the ignorant the poor

4 II. the prefix “multi-” The prefix “multi-” is used to form adjectives indicating that something consists of many things of a particular kind. multicolored multimedia multicultural multiform multinational multipurpose Back

5 Expansion I. More Super Men II. Don’t Quit

6 I.More Super Men 1. What physical problem does that person have? 2. How has that person overcome his or her physical problem? 3. What has that person achieved? What makes that person respected? 4. What have you learned from that person? Examples : Helen Keller Beethoven Stephen Hawking Jeff Keith Back

7 Helen Keller When Helen Keller was 18 months old, an illness left her both deaf and blind for the rest of her life. Then, she lived in complete darkness, without color or sound. She was examined by many doctors, but there seemed no hope that she would ever be able to understand or communicate with others. When Helen was seven, Miss Anne Sullivan, a teacher from an institute for the blind and deaf, came to her help. Miss Sullivan began to teach her about the world that Helen could

8 Helen Keller not see or hear by spelling words into her palm. Gradually, Helen began to learn rapidly. Within two years, she had learned to read and write in Braille, the method used by blind people. She could communicate with others. Later, she learned to speak by putting her fingers against Miss Sullivan’s throat and feeling the vibrations of her teacher’s speech. Then, she would put her fingers against her own throat and try to make the same vibrations. Step by step, she started to “talk.”

9 Helen Keller Helen finally graduated with honors from Radcliffe College, where for four years Miss Sullivan spelled all the lectures into her hand. After her graduation, Helen devoted the rest of her life to helping the blind and the deaf. Accompanied by Miss Sullivan, she traveled around the world, giving speeches and raising money for the blind and the deaf. Also, she wrote many articles and books to arouse people to help the handicapped. She was really great, and people around the world admired

10 Helen Keller her. What I have learned from her is that man is here for the sake of other men. The reason why Helen Keller is respected is not only that she conquered her own blindness and deafness, but that she devoted herself to the needs of others. Back

11 Jeff Keith When Jeff Keith was only 12, doctors discovered he had bone cancer and his leg would have to be amputated above the knee. Although he was an amputee, he never gave up. Every day, he put on a plastic leg. With that leg, he could participate in many kinds of sports. He skied, rode a bike, swam and even played soccer. What really amazed the world was his 1984 decision to raise money for the Cancer Society by running across the States. It was a 3,000-mile journey from east to west.

12 Jeff Keith He ran with some young men who also had plastic legs. The transcontinental run is difficult even for normal people. However, after wearing out 36 pairs of running shoes and 5 plastic legs, he finally made it. What I have learned from Jeff Keith is this: People can do anything they want to do. Back

13 Stephen Hawking Stephen Hawking is a British theoretical physicist, who has suffered from a progressive neurological disease, called ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis). The disease has slowly destroyed his nerves and muscles. It paralyzes him and confines him to a wheelchair. Due to the disease, Dr. Hawking is unable to speak, walk, or even write. However, the disease doesn’t stop him. Instead of giving up his life, Dr. Hawking has devoted much of his time to probing the space-time

14 Stephen Hawking described by general relativity and the singularities where it breaks down. Also, he has been professor in several famous universities and colleges in England. His contribution to physics is great. Although he cannot write, with a specially designed switch which is connected to his computer, he has completed and published many books. Some of his books are even international bestsellers. Up to now, Dr. Hawking has had 12 honorary degrees and has received many awards,

15 Stephen Hawking medals, and prizes for his excellent researches in physics. What I have learned from Dr. Hawking is this: Some of the world’s greatest men and women have been saddled with disabilities but have managed to overcome them. That is what makes them great, respected, and unforgettable. And that is how they inspire us to conquer obstacles on our way to success. Back

16 Beethoven Beethoven was one of the most important musicians in the 19th century. At the age of 27, Beethoven found that he was losing his hearing. This was a terrible thing for a musical genius and might have meant the end of his musical career. It seems that God had played a trick on him giving him an extraordinary gift and then suddenly taking it away. It is very ironic for a musical genius to become deaf. However, Beethoven was not discouraged by this unexpected event. He accepted the cruel

17 Beethoven reality and kept on fighting to the end. He continued composing music. Many of his important works, such as Symphony No. 1-9, were accomplished when he was deaf. Beethoven’s strong will and love for music finally helped him overcome the fate of becoming deaf. What I have learned from this musical genius is this: “Where there’s a will, there’s a way.” Nothing can keep people down unless they allow it to. Back

18 II. Don’t Quit When things 1 ____________, as they sometimes will, When the road you’re walking seems all 2 ____________, When the funds are low and the debts ( 債務 ) are high, And you want to 3 ____________, but you have to sigh, When care is pressing you down 4 __________, Rest, if you must—but don’t you quit. go wrong up hill smile a bit

19 II. Don’t Quit Life is strange with its 5 _______________, As every one of us sometimes learns, and 6 _____________ turns about When he might have won had he stuck it out; Don’t give up, though the pace seems slow — You might 7 ____________ another blow. Success is failure 8 ________________— The silver tint ( 色彩 ) of the clouds of doubt — And you never can tell 9 ____________ you are, It may be near when it seems afar; twists and turns many a failure succeed with turned inside out how close

20 II. Don’t Quit So stick to the fight when you’re 10 __________ — It’s when things seem worst that you mustn’t quit. hardest hit Back

21 Narrating

22 Like description, narration also creates a word picture. It tells how events occur in time. What readers expect to learn from a narrative is: what happened, who was involved, where/when it happened, and why/how it took place. The sentences in a narrative paragraph must be arranged in chronological order. The expressions on the next page may make the order of a narrative clear:

23 Adverb (Phrases)Subordinators now, then, early, late, last night, soon, a few years later, one day, recently, meanwhile, etc. as, when, while, after, before, until, etc.

24 Prepositional Phrases Transitions in September, on October 10, at two o’clock, during the summer, by Sunday, until dinner time, from then on, etc. (at) first, second, next, then, later, afterwards, after that, finally, at last, in the end, consequently, etc.

25 Example: In 1995, a terrible event changed Christopher Reeve’s life. For the horsemen and horsewomen of Culpepper County, May 27 of the year was made for riding. When Reeve was riding his horse in a riding competition, the horse stopped just as it was about to jump over a meter-high fence; Reeve fell forward over the head of the horse and landed on his head.

26 What: A terrible event changed Christopher Reeve’s life. Who: Christopher Reeve Where: Culpepper County When: May 27, 1995 Why: His horse stopped just as it was about to jump over a meter-high fence. How: When Reeve was riding...Reeve has been paralyzed from his neck down. Time expressions: in 1995, May 27 of the year, when, just as, ever since that day

27 Exercise A: According to the sequence of events, complete the paragraph with the sentences given below. A memorable event that happened in Charlie Chaplin’s childhood played a part in starting off his career as a comedian. 1 She was a singer on the variety stage. 2 At that very moment, the audience burst into laughter and started booing.

28 3 Because of her terrible vocal condition, the stage manager suggested that Chaplin should go on stage in his mother’s place. 4 His performance brought about laughter and cheers. 5 That night was his first appearance on the stage and his mother’s last. (A)When she came into the wings, she was very upset. (B) Shortly, on the stage, Chaplin sang songs, danced and did several imitations.

29 (C) When his mother came on stage to carry him off, her presence evoked tremendous applause. (D) In 1894, when Chaplin was aged five, his mother was working at a theater called the Canteen in the town of Aldershot. (E) One night, when Chaplin stood in the wings, his mother’s voice cracked in the middle of her singing and then suddenly faded into a whisper. 1. ____ 2. ____ 3. ____ 4. ____ 5. ____ DEABC

30 Exercise B: Based on the paragraph in Exercise A, complete the following form. What: 1 ___________________________ Who: 2 _______________ ____________ Where: 3 ___________ __ When: 4 ________ _______ Why: 5 ___________________________ How: 6 ________________ __________ Time expressions: 7 _______ _______

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