Presentation on theme: " Written in 1971 by John Gardner, American novelist, essayist, literary critic and university professor Grendel is a parallel novel Also considered."— Presentation transcript:
Written in 1971 by John Gardner, American novelist, essayist, literary critic and university professor Grendel is a parallel novel Also considered a philosophical novel (e.g., existentialism, solipsism, nihilism, etc.) Each chapter focuses on a different astrological sign.
Characterized by a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world. “’The world is all pointless accident” (Gardner 28). “One of the horses neighed and reared up, and for some crazy reason they took it for a sign” (27).
from Latin solus, meaning "alone", and ipse, meaning "self“ the philosophical idea that only one's own mind is sure to exist. “I understood that, finally and absolutely, I alone exist. All the rest, I saw, is merely what pushes me, or what I push against…” (Gardner 22).
from the Latin nihil, nothing Most commonly, nihilism is presented in the form of existential nihilism, which argues that life is without objective meaning, purpose, or intrinsic value. The belief that traditional morals, ideas, beliefs, etc., have no worth or value “I tried to tell her all that had happened, all that I’d come to understand: the meaningless objectness of the world, the universal bruteness” (Gardner 28).
Taurus, the Bull. Taurus is determined, efficient, stubborn, cautious, placid, persistent, enduring, introverted, conservative, conventional, materialistic, security conscious, stable, industrious, dependable, and one generally having significant financial ability. In what ways do we see this zodiac sign represented in chapter 2? What is the significance of these depictions?