Presentation on theme: "Газетный функциональный стиль. Ryerson University, Canada Egerton Ryerson Как готовят журналистов."— Presentation transcript:
Газетный функциональный стиль
Ryerson University, Canada Egerton Ryerson Как готовят журналистов
Good journalistic English Limit the number of ideas in each sentence Use the active voice whenever possible Be positive Avoid monotony Use specific words Strike out meaningless modifiers
Good journalistic English Avoid needless repetition (once is enough, twice a feast, thrice a felony) Avoid monologophobia (a monologophobe would rather walk down Yonge Street naked than be caught using the same word more than once in three lines of type) Care for meanings Avoid cliches like the plague
Tight writing Following is a list of multi-syllable words and fat, vague or unnecessary words and phrases accompanied by their lean counterparts.
Strike out meaningless modifiers A great many times Often, frequently At about 9 p.m. About 9 p.m. or At 9 p.m. A little less than Almost A small number Few A large number of Many
Tight writing A sufficient number of Enough A majority of Most Advance reservations Reservations As a general rule Usually Approximately About Complete monopoly Monopoly Despite the fact that Although
Tight writing Due to the fact that Because Each year Annually Every week Weekly Every day Daily His proposal includes His proposal is In the event that If In respect to About, on In spite of Despite
Verbal insanity The farm was used to produce produce The dump was so full its manager had to refuse more refuse The dump was so full its manager had to refuse more refuse We must polish the Polish furniture
Домашнее задание: Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present I did not object to the object The insurance for the invalid was invalid They were too close to the door to close it.
Let’s face it — English is a crazy language. It sometimes seems all English speakers should be committed to an asylum for the verbally insane.
There is no egg in eggplant, no ham in hamburger; neither apple nor pine in pineapple. English muffins weren’t invented in England nor french fries in France. Sweetmeats are candies, while sweetbreads, which aren’t sweet, are meat.
Among the language’s paradoxes, we find that quicksand can work slowly, boxing rings are square and a guinea pig is neither from Guinea nor a pig.
And why is it that writers write but fingers don’t fing, grocers don’t groce and hammers don’t ham?
if a vegetarian eats vegetables, what does a humanitarian eat?
How can a slim chance and a fat chance be the same, while a wise man and a wise guy are opposites?
Question: Is the following sentence punctuated correctly? "The goal of our conferences is to provide you with pertinent, useful information that will help you perform your job responsibilities more effectively and efficiently, thus enabling you to add value to your organization."
Answer: Yes, but at 34 words and 187 characters, it's a little long. Try this: "Our conferences give you information to help you work smarter and faster, adding value to your organization." (17 words, 92 characters)