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Pasture and Hay Field Weed Management Dr. Tim Murphy, Extension Weed Specialist The University of Georgia.

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Presentation on theme: "Pasture and Hay Field Weed Management Dr. Tim Murphy, Extension Weed Specialist The University of Georgia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pasture and Hay Field Weed Management Dr. Tim Murphy, Extension Weed Specialist The University of Georgia

2 Forage Weed Issues  Lack of management - fertility, lime, mowing, overgrazing  No weed control - only 15% of Georgia pastures are sprayed on annual basis  Grazing and haying restrictions  Weedy grass control in hay fields and legume tolerance

3 Do I spray or fertilize first?  Spray first  Control existing weeds  Begin soil-test based lime and fertilizer program  Establish legumes after good weed control has been practiced for 1 to 2 years

4 When do you spray?  Winter annuals - henbit, chickweed, buttercups, thistles November through March  Summer annuals - spiny amaranth, bitter sneezeweed April through mid-July  Perennials growth stage dependent

5 Herbicide Options  2,4-D  dicamba (Vanquish, Banvel)  2,4-D + dicamba (WeedMaster)  dicamba+ diflufenzopyr (Overdrive)  triclopyr (Remedy)  2,4-D + triclopyr (CrossBow)  triclopyr + clopyralid (Redeem)  2,4-D + picloram (Grazon P+D)  fluroxypyr + picloram (Surmount)  fluroxypyr + triclopyr (Pasturegard)

6 Herbicide Options (cont.)  diuron (Direx, Diuron)  metsulfuron (Cimarron)  metsulfuron + 2,4-D + dicamba (Cimarron MAX)  hexazinone (Velpar)  tebuthiuron (Spike)  paraquat (Gramoxone Extra)  glyphosate (Roundup UltraMax)  imazapic (Plateau) (no longer an option)

7 Remedy  4.0 lbs./gal. triclopyr ester  low volatile - but ??????  Excellent on upright blackberry, numerous broadleaf weeds  Good on tropical soda apple  Fair on horsenettle  Poor on pokeweed, honeysuckle, trumpetcreeper  Expensive

8 Remedy  Mixes with diesel  Remedy 20% + 80% diesel, excellent as basal application for trees < 4 inch DBH, and spot control of pricklypear cactus and palmetto  Injurious to clovers  Apply to seedling grasses 5 to 6 inches tall or after tiller development

9 Remedy  Grazing and haying restrictions  Beef grazing - 0 dDairy grazing - 14 d Hay - 7 d (all livestock types, except lactating dairy cattle, 365 d) Slaughter - 3 d

10 Redeem  2.25 lbs./gal. triclopyr amine lbs. clopyralid amine  Excellent control aster and legume weeds  Rates: 1.5 to 4.0 pts./acre  Highly injurious to legumes  Alternative to Crossbow, WeedMaster, Grazon P+D

11 Redeem  Beef and other livestock grazing - 0 d  Dairy grazing - 14 d Hay - 7 d (all livestock types, except lactating dairy cattle, 365 d) Slaughter - 3 d

12 New Products  PastureGard - fluroxypyr + triclopyr (Remedy) Broader weed spectrum than triclopyr alone controls annual, perennial, & woody species; enhanced control of blackberry and dogfennel  Surmount – fluroxypyr + picloram Broader weed spectrum than fluroxypyr alone controls annual, perennial, & woody species

13 PastureGard  1.5 lbs./gal. triclopyr ester lbs./gal. fluroxypyr ester  Controls numerous brush species and broadleaf weeds. Upright blackberry, sweet gums, Sericea lespedeza, dogfennel, gallberry, rose species, lantana Palmetto and yucca – use 2.0% v/v solution in water Fair control of horsenettle and tropical soda apple

14 PastureGard  Mixes with diesel and other oil carriers  PastureGard 50% + 50% diesel, excellent as basal application for trees < 4 inch DBH  Injurious to clovers  Apply to seedling grasses after tiller development

15 PastureGard  Beef and other livestock grazing - 0 d  Dairy grazing – not permitted during the growing season of application  Hay – 14 d (all livestock types)

16 Reseeding Restrictions – PastureGard  Cool-season grasses and small grains - 21 days  Clover and other legumes – 30 days  Other crops – 120 days

17 Surmount  1.19 lbs./gal. picloram amine lbs. gal. fluroxypyr amine  Controls broadleaf weeds, horsenettle, tropical soda apple, and pricklypear cactus.  Apply 3 to 4.0 pts./acre for prickly pear cactus in fall months, control is very slow, about 2 yrs.  About 30 d residual control  Excellent control of upright-growing blackberry (3 to 4 pts./acre)

18 Surmount  Injurious to clovers  Apply to seedling grasses or overseeded small grains at tiller growth stage  Newly-sprigged bermuda –delay until stolons are 6 inches long  Beef grazing - 0 d; slaughter 3 d  Lactating Dairy Animals – grazing 14 d; silage 14 d.  Hay – 7 d (all livestock types)

19 Reseeding Restrictions – Surmount  Cool-season grasses - 21 days  Clovers – 12 months  Other legumes – 12 months

20 Surmount- It’s Good - BUT!!!!!  Do not use hay from treated areas for compost or mulch transfer livestock to untreated areas without 7 d cleanout use manure for fertilizing broadleaf crops use in any temporary forage system involving broadleaf crops  USE ONLY ON PERMANENT GRASS FORAGE SYSTEMS

21 Grazon P+D  2.0 lbs./gal. 2,4-D amine lbs./gal. picloram amine  Excellent control of broadleaf weeds  Excellent on horsenettle and tropical soda apple  For horsenettle, use 3 pts./acre at early bloom.  About 30 d residual control  Fair control of blackberry

22 Grazon P+D  Injurious to clovers  Apply to seedling grasses or overseeded small grains at tiller growth stage, 1.5 pts./acre or less  Newly-sprigged bermuda – 1.5 pts./acre, delay until stolons are 6 inches long  Beef grazing - 0 dDairy grazing - 7 d Hay - 30 d (all livestock types) Slaughter - 3 d

23 Reseeding Restrictions – Grazon P+D  Cool-season grasses - 21 days  Clover - 2 pts./acre or less Fall-seeding permitted if Grazon P+D applied no later than June (4 month plant back)  Clover – 2 to 3 pts./acre Spring (Feb. – Mar.) seeding permitted the following spring for applications made no later than Sept. 15 the previous year.

24 Grazon P+D - It’s Good - BUT!!!!!  Do not use hay from treated areas for compost or mulch transfer livestock to untreated areas without 7 d cleanout use manure for fertilizing broadleaf crops use in any temporary forage system involving broadleaf crops  USE ONLY ON PERMANENT GRASS FORAGE SYSTEMS

25 Cimarron  60DF metsulfuron  DuPont is phasing out Ally  Effective for ‘Pensacola’ bahiagrass, spiny amaranth, curly dock, buttercup, wild garlic control, blackberry  Poor horsenettle control  Injurious to legumes & ryegrass (4 mo plant back)

26 Cimarron  Now labeled at 0.1 to 1.0 oz. product per acre  Use low rates on tall fescue and timothy  Do not mix with liquid fert. for bahiagrass control  0 d grazing or haying restriction - all livestock

27 Cimarron MAX  Co-Pack product  Metsulfuron 60DF + 2,4-D amine (2.87 lbs./gal.) + dicamba (1.0 lb./gal.)  Increases number of broadleaf weeds controlled  Use rates 0.25 to 1.0 oz./acre of Cimarron plus 1.0 to 4.0 pts./acre of 2,4-D + dicamba  Add nonionic surfactant at 0.25% v/v

28 Plateau  BASF will no longer market to private landowners  grass roadsides, wildflowers, noncropland sites  WHY??? Economics Low sales,objections to injury Can make more money in other markets

29 Newly-sprigged Bermuda  Direx 4L, Diuron 4L  Karmex is not labeled for this use  Plant sprigs 2 inches deep  Apply immediately after sprigging  Use 3.0 to 4.0 pts./acre  Not labeled in established bermudagrass  Annual grasses and broadleaf weeds

30 Overdrive - BASF  Dicamba + diflufenzopyr  Controls broadleaf weeds  0 day grazing or haying restriction  Limited data base  Primarily will be marketed for rights-of-way use

31 Summary - Forage Weed Control  Know cropping system  Use approved cultural practices  Identify weeds  Select product  Follow grazing and haying restrictions  Proper application timing


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