Presentation on theme: "Transforming Jakarta:"— Presentation transcript:
1Transforming Jakarta: Three Integrated Ideas for Jakarta Baru*Presented by Wisnubroto SarosaMember of Indonesian Association of PlannersHead of Sub-directorat of Monitoring and Evaluation of Spatial Plan Implementation Region IDirectorat General of Spatial Planning and DevelopmentThe Ministry of Public Works, Republic of Indonesia46th EAROPH REGIONAL CONFERENCEIskandar Malaysia20th November 2013*Jakarta Baru (New Jakarta) is tagline of the current Jakarta’s Governor – Vice Governor, Joko Widodo – Basuki Tjahja Purnama
2Outline The Jakarta’s challenges The impacts What have been done? The ideas for better solution
4The Importance of Jakarta Jakarta which is always the centre of developmentt in Indonesia along the country’s history is becoming one of the top ten largest cities in the world.
5Urban Sprawl Development & Administrative Division Uncontrolled and sprawl development as well as administrative division change have been happening in the Greater Jakarta (JABODETABEK) for last three decades
6Significant Increase of Population Total: 28 millionFor 40 years, population has been increasing signifcantly in the region of JABODETABEK
8Increasing Commuters Phenomena (in 1,000 unit car/day)(2002) 247(2010) 344(2002) 262(2010) 423Increase 40%Increase 61%DKIJakartaCity of TangerangCity of TangselRegency of TangerangCity of BekasiRegency of BekasiBODETABEKDKI Jakarta7431,105Prediction 2013:almost 2 million cars enter Jakarta a day(2002) 234(2010) 338Increase 44%Increase 49%City of DepokCity of BogorRegency of BogorSource: Commuter Survey JUTPI, 2010
9Impact: Traffic Congestions Severe traffic congestions everywhere and everytime cause everyone to be used spending hours on the road every single day. A prediction: Jakarta’s traffic will be stuck in 2014
10Significant Increase of Private Transportation Source: Commuter Survey JUTPI, 2010The absence of adequate public transportation increase excessively the number of cars dan motorcycles
11More Frequent FloodsThe area, the frequency and the duration of floods are increasing from year to year.
12Spreading Slum AreasSlum areas are spreading along the rivers and the coastal areas.
13Impact: Reducing the Area of Green Open Spaces 198537,2%200025,85 %The fast urban development in the past has radically reduced traditional green open spaces in the city.The Spatial Planning Law No. 26/2007) suggest that the city should provide minimum 30% GOS of the area.201013,94 %
15The Existing Public Transportation For years, to serve commuters who work in Jakarta, there have been small number of railway networks which is inheritance from the colonial era.Nowadays, there are 10 lanes, out of 15 lanes in the plan, of busway which serve around Jakarta, besides dozen traditional buses or minibuses managed by private company or individual.
16The Plan of Transportation Network The Government and the Provincial Goverment of Jakarta plan to build:Six more toll-road enter to the city (creating big debat)Two lanes of monorail (the construction already started after six years pending)A lane of MRT from the southern part to the city center.
17The Existing and Planned Floodways For managing the flood, the Central Government and the Provincial Government of Jakarta (DKI) have been developing and managing several canal floodways as well as waduks/ponds/reservoirs throughout the area.Blue: managed and developed by the GovernmentOrange: managed and developed by the DKI
19Lessons from Other Megapolitans ParisNew YorkBerlinTokyoMoscowLondonMegapolitans around the world are deserved by dozens of railway system
20Our Neighbourhood Already Started ManilaKuala LumpurBangkokNew DelhiSingapore
21Idea One: Revitalisation of River Banks Creating more green open space on the river banks by moving the people on the slum areas into the social housings build set back from the river banks.Due to the limited space, it is needed to build temporarily housing over the river, during the construction of social housings.
22Idea One: the Resources Target of the Ministry of Social Housing (Menpera) to build 650 twin-block (68,180 units) of Rusunawa (rental apartement) and 200 tower (160,000 units) have only reached 20% today.The Ministry of Public Works allocates Rp 5 Trilion (USD 500 million) for normalisation project of Ciliwung River. It does not include Rp 3.4 Trillion (USD 340 million) of the Ministry and the DKI Jakarta 2012 budget for normalisation project of 13 rivers in Jakarta for anticipating floods.In fact, there are a lot of budget for building the social housing and developing the rivers. The general problems are usually coming from the aquisition of lands.
23Idea Two: Building Elevated Train There are 13 rivers and canals, small and larger, neat and dirty, flow through Jakarta. Those are one of network of public space that can be used without acquiring the land.The other networks are the median of toll roads and the high-voltage transmission which pass trough the middle of the city.The grid need to be modified in order to be able to build the railway
25Idea Two: Elevated Train Networks in Jakarta Among the 13 rivers/canals, it just takes 3 or 4 to build the elevated train/monorail network. Those networks are to service especially the comutters from the southern part of Jakarta (Depok, Bogor)While the train/monorail over the toll road are provided especially for the commuters from eastern and western parts of Jakarta (Tangerang and Bekasi)Monorail/train over the riverMonorail/train over the toll road
26Idea Three: Building ‘the Man behind the Gun’ Change the MindsetDue to more market oriented of the urban development since two-three decades ago, issuing permit by Local Government for private investors to build malls, apartements and city superblocks has been more dominant rather than improving the urban kampongs.1934TodayKampoengveerbetaringMHT I:KIP/JUDPMHT II:‘DAS’MHT III:‘Tribina’P2KP: Penang-gulangan Kemis-kinanPNPMPerkotaan1980:Aga Khan Award1999WB’s Cities Alliances:“Global Best Practices”
27Idea Three: Building ‘the Man behind the Gun’ Such development has been creating the processes of ‘gentrification’ as well as ‘marginalisation’ of the urban poor to suburb.
28Idea Three: Building Concensus and Cooperation among the Stakeholders Start from intitutions in the GovernmentProvincial Government of Jakarta (DKI)Directorat General of Water Resources(SDA-PU)Directorat General of Spatial Planning(DJPR-PU)Directorat General of Human Settlements (DJCK –PU)Ministry of Social Housing (Kemenpera)Directorat General of Human Settlements (DJCK –PU)Land Certification Agency (BPN)
29Idea Three: Creating a Multistakeholder Cooperation Civil Society OrganisationsFacilitating the community to include the projectsZakat-based Trust FundQuasi-public Organisation Managing the ProjectsManaging funding from the people of JakartaZakat-based Trust FundGovernment InstitutionsPrivate SectorsPrivate SectorsContributing and investing in certain parts of the projectsContributing in the project depending on their own role
30ConclusionFor transforming Jakarta into a more livable city it is required to have an integrated strategy which is using all potential resources (spacial, social and financial).The strategy should be implemented in a fast way and a short period in order to not creating other excessive impacts related to social and economic matters.The proposed integrated ideas could hopefully overcome three big issues in Jakarta today: traffic congestions, slum areas and green open spaces.
31at EAROPH World Congress 2014 Thank YouSee you in Jakartaat EAROPH World Congress 2014