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Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Northern Housing - A Better Way -

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Presentation on theme: "Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Northern Housing - A Better Way -"— Presentation transcript:

1 Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Northern Housing - A Better Way -

2 RESTCo REMOTE ENERGY SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES COLLABORATIVE (RESTCo) MOOSE FACTORY CABINS CARLETON UNIVERSITY - DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING VACANT - and very much WANTED, A NORTHERN COMMUNITY OR AGENCY TO WORK WITH US PARTNERS

3 BASICS LEARN FROM PAST AND PRESENT ANTICIPATE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE AND OTHER CHANGE IMPLEMENT ENERGY SECURITY STRATEGIES INVEST IN REDUCING FIRST AND ONGOING COST RESTCo

4 EXISTING HOUSING SHORT LIFE EXPECTANCY EXPENSIVE TO MAINTAIN, OPERATE AND UPGRADE VULNERABLE TO PERMAFROST DAMAGE HEALTH PROBLEMS OVERCROWDING RESTCo

5 THE STRENGTH OF A BOX RESTCo

6 TRIFLEX HOUSING DURABLE - STABLE, 3-POINT FOUNDATIONS -HYBRID SUPERSTRUCTURE - BIOMIMICRY - REMAINS AIRTIGHT ADAPTABLE IN SEVERAL WAYS ENERGY EFFICIENT - SIPs HEALTHY, AIRTIGHT WITH MANAGED VENTING STRAIGHTFORWARD TO BUILD - MODULAR RESTCo

7 TRIPOLAR HOUSING CONCEPT Core module RESTCo

8 BIOMIMICRY RESTCo

9 MANY FORMS POSSIBLE RESTCo

10 BUILDING MATERIALS ENGINEERED WOOD STRUCTURAL INSULATED PANELS RESTCo

11 A 1500 SQ FT TRIFLEX HOUSE RESTCo

12 EXTENSIONS RESTCo

13 LINKED MULTIPLES RESTCo

14 MOOSE FACTORY CABINS THE CABOOSE RESTCo

15 15 ARCTIC STRUCTURES AND FOUNDATIONS Carleton University High Performance Housing Project Presenter: N. Crepin

16 16 Static Analysis

17 17 Wind Analysis

18 18 Stability Analysis Weight Wind Uplift

19 19 Dynamic Analysis

20 20 Foundation Concepts

21 21 LOW TEMPERATURE HEAT RECOVERY VENTILATOR Carleton University High Performance Housing Project Presenter: C. Henningsen

22 22 Heat Recovery Ventilators Saving Energy and Money Pro Star Mechanical Technologies

23 23 Heat Recovery Ventilators Saving Energy and Money But they don’t work everywhere Pro Star Mechanical Technologies

24 24 Typical Heat Recovery Ventilator Operation Traditional Heat Recovery Ventilators run until they freeze. During defrost they do not ventilate. Moderate climates may accept occasional defrosting. Cold climates cause constant defrosting impacting indoor air quality. Our new design aims to eliminate icing altogether.

25 25 Heat Exchanger 1 Heat Exchanger 2 Closed loop air flow Outside Inside = Airflow entering the house = Airflow exiting the house Our Approach Regulate How Much Heat is Exchanged

26 26 Our Design: Compact Heat Exchangers with Variable Internal Flow Rate Airflow Exiting Airflow Entering Closed Loop

27 THE FUTURE ANTICIPATABLE AND UNKNOWABLE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE - ADAPTABLE AND MOVABLE HOUSING DEPENDENCY ON NON-RENEWABLE FOSSIL FUELS - REDUCE DEMAND - INCREASE RENEWABLES - INSTALL ENERGY STORAGE RAPID CHANGES IN TECHNOLOGY -RETROFIT READY DESIGN RESTCo

28 PLAN PHASE 1 ADD CRITICAL NORTHERN INPUT TO OUR DEVELOPMENT PROCESS – TO MAKE SURE WE HAVE IT RIGHT & TO ADD CREDIBILITY FUNDING FOR 1ST HOUSE - IN SOUTH , TEST, DEMO, LEARN FROM 1 ST HOUSE DESIGN 2ND HOUSE FOR CONSTRUCTION IN NORTH VOLUME SUPPLY PHASE 2 INVESTIGATE FEASIBILITY OF MAKING SIPS IN THE NORTH IN A PORTABLE FACTORY – POSSIBLY ON A BARGE RESTCo

29 Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Helping remote communities kick their oil addiction

30 RESTCo

31 Oil – what’s the alternative? Local transportation that uses less or no oil-based fuels, such as electric and hybrid vehicles, in forms that fit the north: ATVs, boats, trucks, and snowmobiles

32 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Batteries don’t work well in the cold Solution: Thermal management RESTCo principals have driven EVs in Ottawa winters for years by keeping batteries warm

33 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs have limited range Reality: Remote northern communities don’t provide long roads to travel Solution: Large packs (up to 400 km range), hybrids, recharging

34 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs perceived as slow Reality: Speed limit in most northern communities is 50 km/h or less Solution: Design to go as fast as needed (328 km/h land so far)

35 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs are expensive Reality: Agreed. Low production, and battery cost is included Solution: Compare costs on a full life cycle basis, not sticker price

36 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles (50 km/day) Cost of gasoline pickup truck: $30, years fuel + maintenance = $150,000 ($3/litre) Cost of electric pickup truck: $70, years fuel + maintenance = $100,000 ($0.40/kWh)

37 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Daily energy cost for gas pickup Block heater: watts = $2.00 Travel + idle: 10 hours operating > 20 $3.00 = $60.00 Total: $62.00 per day

38 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Daily energy cost for electric Power (recharge) requirement: 2 km/kWh = 25 kWh = $10 Cabin heat/defrost = 5 kWh = $2 Total: $12.00 per day

39 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Maintenance in remote locations Solution: Train local mechanics on how to do repairs, and stock spares – like we do today for gas and diesel vehicles

40 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Electric and hybrid vehicles don’t come in useful configurations and sizes Solution: EVs can be built to whatever size and configuration is required

41 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Mid-range electric-hybrid Euclid-Hitachi truck Payload: 255 tonnes (other sizes available)

42 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Balqon medium all-electric truck, 100 km/h, 4 tonne capacity, 150 km range, 3 hr recharge Suitable for hauling water, septic waste

43 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles A light duty (3/4 ton) extended range electric truck (hybrid) for the North (50 km electric, 600 km gasoline range per charge)

44 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Nemo all-electric truck, 40 km/h, 500 kg capacity, 100+ km range, 3 hr recharge Suitable for maintenance, service workers

45 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles

46 RESTCo More Electric Snowmobiles

47 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles What if your quiet, electric snowmobile could float? ‘Snowmoboat’: survive thin ice.

48 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Polaris 2014 Electric Ranger ATV

49 RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Electric Work Boat

50 RESTCo Oil – what’s the alternative? 3.Switching to renewable, local energy sources, such as tidal, ocean currents, submerged run-of-river, wind, solar …

51 RESTCo Does it get windy in the north? Kite Skiing in Pang

52 RESTCo Wind turbines at Kotzebue, Alaska Average wind speeds in Pang are about 4 m/s (25 km/h), and blow from the west about 27% of the time.

53 RESTCo Northern communities have more than wind resources Eastern Nunavut has high tidal range For 8 months a year, there is plenty of solar energy available Rivers can provide run-of-river hydroelectricity Ocean currents can turn generators

54 RESTCo

55 Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Integrated Community Solutions Talk to us, we can help

56 Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Helping remote communities kick their oil addiction


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