Presentation on theme: "Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Northern Housing - A Better Way -"— Presentation transcript:
Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Northern Housing - A Better Way -
RESTCo REMOTE ENERGY SECURITY TECHNOLOGIES COLLABORATIVE (RESTCo) MOOSE FACTORY CABINS CARLETON UNIVERSITY - DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING VACANT - and very much WANTED, A NORTHERN COMMUNITY OR AGENCY TO WORK WITH US PARTNERS
BASICS LEARN FROM PAST AND PRESENT ANTICIPATE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE AND OTHER CHANGE IMPLEMENT ENERGY SECURITY STRATEGIES INVEST IN REDUCING FIRST AND ONGOING COST RESTCo
EXISTING HOUSING SHORT LIFE EXPECTANCY EXPENSIVE TO MAINTAIN, OPERATE AND UPGRADE VULNERABLE TO PERMAFROST DAMAGE HEALTH PROBLEMS OVERCROWDING RESTCo
21 LOW TEMPERATURE HEAT RECOVERY VENTILATOR Carleton University High Performance Housing Project Presenter: C. Henningsen
22 Heat Recovery Ventilators Saving Energy and Money Pro Star Mechanical Technologies
23 Heat Recovery Ventilators Saving Energy and Money But they don’t work everywhere Pro Star Mechanical Technologies
24 Typical Heat Recovery Ventilator Operation Traditional Heat Recovery Ventilators run until they freeze. During defrost they do not ventilate. Moderate climates may accept occasional defrosting. Cold climates cause constant defrosting impacting indoor air quality. Our new design aims to eliminate icing altogether.
25 Heat Exchanger 1 Heat Exchanger 2 Closed loop air flow Outside Inside = Airflow entering the house = Airflow exiting the house Our Approach Regulate How Much Heat is Exchanged
THE FUTURE ANTICIPATABLE AND UNKNOWABLE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE - ADAPTABLE AND MOVABLE HOUSING DEPENDENCY ON NON-RENEWABLE FOSSIL FUELS - REDUCE DEMAND - INCREASE RENEWABLES - INSTALL ENERGY STORAGE RAPID CHANGES IN TECHNOLOGY -RETROFIT READY DESIGN RESTCo
PLAN PHASE 1 ADD CRITICAL NORTHERN INPUT TO OUR DEVELOPMENT PROCESS – TO MAKE SURE WE HAVE IT RIGHT & TO ADD CREDIBILITY FUNDING FOR 1ST HOUSE - IN SOUTH 2014-5, TEST, DEMO, LEARN FROM 1 ST HOUSE 2015-6 DESIGN 2ND HOUSE FOR CONSTRUCTION IN NORTH VOLUME SUPPLY PHASE 2 INVESTIGATE FEASIBILITY OF MAKING SIPS IN THE NORTH IN A PORTABLE FACTORY – POSSIBLY ON A BARGE RESTCo
Remote Energy Security Technologies Collaborative Helping remote communities kick their oil addiction
Oil – what’s the alternative? Local transportation that uses less or no oil-based fuels, such as electric and hybrid vehicles, in forms that fit the north: ATVs, boats, trucks, and snowmobiles
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Batteries don’t work well in the cold Solution: Thermal management RESTCo principals have driven EVs in Ottawa winters for years by keeping batteries warm
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs have limited range Reality: Remote northern communities don’t provide long roads to travel Solution: Large packs (up to 400 km range), hybrids, recharging
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs perceived as slow Reality: Speed limit in most northern communities is 50 km/h or less Solution: Design to go as fast as needed (328 km/h land so far)
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: EVs are expensive Reality: Agreed. Low production, and battery cost is included Solution: Compare costs on a full life cycle basis, not sticker price
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles (50 km/day) Cost of gasoline pickup truck: $30,000 + 10 years fuel + maintenance = $150,000 ($3/litre) Cost of electric pickup truck: $70,000 + 10 years fuel + maintenance = $100,000 ($0.40/kWh)
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Daily energy cost for gas pickup Block heater: 8 hours @ 500 watts = $2.00 Travel + idle: 10 hours operating > 20 litres/day @ $3.00 = $60.00 Total: $62.00 per day
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Daily energy cost for electric Power (recharge) requirement: 2 km/kWh = 25 kWh = $10 Cabin heat/defrost = 5 kWh = $2 Total: $12.00 per day
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Maintenance in remote locations Solution: Train local mechanics on how to do repairs, and stock spares – like we do today for gas and diesel vehicles
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Issue: Electric and hybrid vehicles don’t come in useful configurations and sizes Solution: EVs can be built to whatever size and configuration is required
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles What if your quiet, electric snowmobile could float? ‘Snowmoboat’: survive thin ice.
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Polaris 2014 Electric Ranger ATV
RESTCo Electric & Hybrid Vehicles Electric Work Boat
RESTCo Oil – what’s the alternative? 3.Switching to renewable, local energy sources, such as tidal, ocean currents, submerged run-of-river, wind, solar …
RESTCo Does it get windy in the north? Kite Skiing in Pang
RESTCo Wind turbines at Kotzebue, Alaska Average wind speeds in Pang are about 4 m/s (25 km/h), and blow from the west about 27% of the time.
RESTCo Northern communities have more than wind resources Eastern Nunavut has high tidal range For 8 months a year, there is plenty of solar energy available Rivers can provide run-of-river hydroelectricity Ocean currents can turn generators
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