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A Reading Strategy for Rhetorical Analysis The Foundation The Architecture The Music.

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Presentation on theme: "A Reading Strategy for Rhetorical Analysis The Foundation The Architecture The Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Reading Strategy for Rhetorical Analysis The Foundation The Architecture The Music

2 Agenda 1. Goals for this Presentation 2. Where in the world are you from? 3. Who is Eric Liu? What gives him Ethos?  DMA – Intro to the Liu Method 5. Foundation Model – Feeble Women and Poor Dumb Bastards 6. Architecture Model – Why I like/dislike Citizens United 7. Music Model – “Riding into the Jaws of Death…that the nation might live.” 8. Liu Method and the APLaC Exam 9. Self-Reflection and Questions or Comments

3 Goals To comprehend the steps of the Liu Method to apply as a reading annotation technique. To be able to instruct students how to apply the Liu Method towards the Multiple-Choice section and the Rhetorical Analysis essay on the AP Language and Composition exam. To reflect on how the Liu Method could be used in your classroom/work environment.

4 Where in the World are you from? What gives you Ethos?

5 Who is Eric Liu? Communications professor at University of Washington. Former speechwriter in the Clinton Administration. Author of The Accidental Asian: Notes of a Native Speaker a New York Times Notable Book in Founder of the Guiding Lights Network which promotes civic engagement.

6 DMA Read the following passage to yourself. Jot down phrases, words, sentences that stand out to you. Consider the following: What is the author’s thesis/claim? How does the author structure his work? What strategies does the writer use to make his writing sing?

7 It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; who errs, and comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows the great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory nor defeat.

8 DISTINCTIO Distinctio (Rhetorical Device) Def: explicit references to various meanings of a word--usually for the purpose of clarification. Distinctio of: Foundation Architecture Music

9 What is the Foundation? Foundation Def: The claim/thesis/main idea of a text. How to Annotate The Foundation: Actively and critically read through the article underlying key passages and phrases. How to Paraphrase The Foundation: Then, write a statement paraphrasing the claim or thesis beginning with a verb. Examples: 1. Liu persuades Liu convinces Liu refutes Liu mocks Liu suggests...

10 What is the Architecture? Architecture Def: The logical structure of a text OR how the author arranges her argument. How to Annotate the Architecture: Read through the passage. Chunk the passage into categories. Examples: 1. Hook 2. Thesis 3. Reasons supporting issue 4. Counterargument 5. Call to Action 6. Etc.

11 What is the Music? Music Def: The techniques an author uses to demonstrates his craft as a writer. How to Annotate the Music: Look for words, phrases, sentences, paragraphs that stand out to you. Examples: 1. Diction 2. Syntax 3. Literary Devices 4. Poetic Devices 5. Rhetorical Devices 6. Etc.

12 The Foundation

13 Foundation Model #1- Feeble Women Queen Elizabeth I – Tilbury speech

14 Foundation Model #2 – Poor Dumb Bastards Gen. George Patton – Speech to the 3 rd Army

15 The Architecture

16 ARCHITECTURE Model #1 Why EJ Dionne dislikes Citizens United

17 ARCHITECTURE Model #2 Why George Will likes Citizens United

18 The Music

19 Music Model #1 Tennyson’s “The Charge of the Light Brigade”

20 Music Model #2 Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address”

21 Liu and the AP Exam

22 Multiple – Choice Exam The speaker's attitude is best described as one of... The syntax of lines serves to... Which of the following best describes the author's purpose in the last sentence? The speaker's mention of “opportunities" is appropriate to the development of her argument by... The pattern of exposition exemplified in the passage can best be described as..

23 Rhetorical Analysis Essay On April 10, 1962, as the United States was emerging from a recession, the nation’s largest steel companies raised steel prices by 3.5 percent. President John F. Kennedy, who had repeatedly called for stable prices and wages as part of a program of national sacrifice during a period of economic distress, held a news conference on April 11, 1962, which he opened with the following commentary regarding the hike in steel prices. Read Kennedy’s remarks carefully. Then write an essay in which you analyze the rhetorical strategies President Kennedy uses to achieve his purpose. Support your analysis with specific references to the text.

24 Summary Foundation: identifying the author’s claim/thesis with a verb statement. Architecture: Chunking paragraphs in categories to determine how the author structures a text. Music: Identifying diction, syntax, or literary, poetic, or rhetorical moves the author uses to make his music sing. Consider employing the Liu Method to help students to annotate passages for the Multiple Choice Exam and Rhetorical Analysis Essay.

25 Self-Reflection Take the next few minutes to self- reflect how you can apply the Liu Method for your classroom or work environment.

26 Questions or Comments

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