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Welcome to A.P. European History! Why Study European History?

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome to A.P. European History! Why Study European History?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Welcome to A.P. European History! Why Study European History?

3 TASK: 1. Identify the authors’ thesis about why it is important to study European history. 2. Identify and be prepared to discuss how the authors support their thesis.

4 What’s a thesis? What is the thesis of this course? Why might this be controversial?

5 What is thesis? A historian’s interpretation of the main causes, effects and significance of a historical event, based on an analysis of the evidence. Some theses are more reasonable or plausible than others.

6 What is thesis? “The world of the historian, like the world of the scientist, is not a photographic copy of the real world, but rather a working model which enables him more or less effectively to understand it and to master it. The historian distils from the experience of the past rummaging through the ragbag of observed ‘facts’, selecting the relevant, rejecting the irrelevant, until what is sewn together is a logical and rational quilt of ‘knowledge’ …” E.H.Carr, What is History?

7 What is the thesis of this course? “To understand the modern world, it is necessary to begin by looking at Europe” - Palmer & Colton, A History of the Modern World

8 What are the indexes of modernity? Pressures for increased democracy Loosening of old customs Questioning of ancestral religions; increased secularization Demand for individual liberation Expectation of a higher standard of living Drive for more equality (gender, race, class, religious, nationalities) Elaborate means of transportation and communication Advanced science, medicine, hygiene, agriculture Sophisticated means for fighting or negotiating peace Complex networks of finance and trade

9 The Renaissance Unit EQ: Why does the Renaissance mark the beginning of the modern era?

10 “To understand the modern world, it is necessary to begin by looking at Europe” WHY PROBLEMATIC? CONTROVERSIAL? Eurocentric Western bias

11 World Trade Center, Sept. 11, 2001: America’s wake-up call? Anti-Western backlash?

12 Why Study History? “Life must be lived forward but can only be understood looking backward” -Soren Kierkegaard, Existential philosopher

13 “Since September 11, 2001, it has become imperative that Americans strive to be the most principled and well- informed global citizens we can be.” - Thomas Friedman, prize-winning journalist

14 Pax Romana Pax Britannica Pax Americana CE to present With power comes responsibilities….

15 Why Study History? “ The purpose of history is to enable every person to judge for himself what will secure or endanger his or her freedom.”

16 Why study history? “The struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting” -Milan Kundera, Czech writer

17 Why Study History? “History is the mother of all disciplines.”

18 Day 2: How Will We Study History in this Course?  How will we study history in this course?  How can you perform well in this class?

19 Course goals…. Sharpen your ability to interpret history, using evidence from diverse sources of information and diverse points of view; Acquire a historic perspective on the lives of people both past and present; Develop an appreciation for the struggles of others to overcome hardship and create a better world.

20 What is the thesis of this course?

21 “To understand the modern world, it is necessary to begin by looking at Europe” - Palmer & Colton, A History of the Modern World

22 “SPICE FACTORS” Social Political Intellectual Innovations Cultural: Art, music, creativity Economics and trade

23 Six History Habits of Mind (the “6 C’s”): Chronology: There is an order of events that narrates the past; Complexity: Multiple factors explain why things happen in history ex., SPICE factors Continuity & Change: Some things change, some endure or persist. Careful thinking will slowly reveal continuity and change. Context: the surrounding circumstances and background; the “temper of the times” that must be understood to interpret an event, document, idea, motives; Contingency: the different options people faced when making decisions in the past; often disproves “inevitability” Causality: Events have long and short term causes and effects, and some causes are more important than others;

24 NEW MONARCHSABSOLUTE MONARCHSENLIGHTENEDNATION-STATES DESPOTS - DEMOCRACY -CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY -TOTALITARIANISM Great Chain of Being Deism “God is Dead” REFORMATIONWARS OF RELIGION ENLIGHTENMENT REALISM SCI. REV. ROMANTICISM OPENING OF ATLANTIC COMMERCIAL REV/ INDUSTRIAL REV. MERCANTILISMIMPERIALISM SMITH MARX KEYNES 1453:1555:1648: 1756: 1815: 1919: 1945: CONSTANTINOPLEAUGSBURGWESTPHALIAPARIS VIENNA VERSAILLES YALTA SPAIN – UNIVERSAL MONARCHYFRENCH HEGEMONY/BALANCE OF POWER PAX BRITANNICA SUPER POWERS SPAIN V. PORTUGALDUTCH GOLDEN AGE FRENCH DONMINANCEBRITISH DOMINANCE German, USSR Italian Unification Renaissance Reformation Louis XIVFrench Rev. Nationalism

25 What are the indexes of modernity? Pressures for increased democracy Loosening of old customs Questioning of ancestral religions; increased secularization Demands for individual liberation Expectation of a higher standard of living Drive for more equality (gender, race, class, religious, nationalities) Elaborate means of transportation and communication Advanced science, medicine, hygiene, agriculture Sophisticated means for fighting or negotiating peace Complex networks of finance and trade

26 Michelangelo’s “David” Pressures for increased democracy Loosening of old customs Questioning of ancestral religions; increased secularization Demands for individual liberation Expectation of a higher standard of living Drive for more equality (gender, race, class, religious, nationalities) Elaborate means of transportation and communication Advanced science, medicine, hygiene, agriculture Sophisticated means for fighting or negotiating peace Complex networks of finance and trade

27 Pressures for increased democracy Loosening of old customs Questioning of ancestral religions; increased secularization Demands for individual liberation Expectation of a higher standard of living Drive for more equality (gender, race, class, religious, nationalities) Elaborate means of transportation and communication Advanced science, medicine, hygiene, agriculture Sophisticated means for fighting or negotiating peace Complex networks of finance and trade

28 How can you perform well in this class? Cultivate your mind by being curious and by seeking meaning. Ask, “well, how did we get here?” Effort creates achievement. Each day offers a chance for improvement. Persevere despite setbacks or challenges. Practice makes better. Practice civic discourse: engage in discussion actively and courteously and work to improve your communication skills, in writing and in discussion Strive for excellence: expect the best from yourself daily, and exercise mental stamina and self-control.

29 How can you perform well in this class? Be nice. Work hard. Have fun.

30 Effort creates achievement. Your work ethic will determine your success in this course! “Men are pretty much alike; it is Learning and practice that set Them apart” - Confucius

31 “The Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living” Your curiosity about the past is crucial to your success in this class.

32 Expectations: Read nightly from among several college level texts, both secondary and primary sources. Improve your ability to engage in civic discourse by actively practicing public speaking skills and leadership in class; Cultivate your ability to research, analyze and interpret history; Strive to make meaning by consciously using the 6 “C”s of history

33 “Adolescents entering the adult world in the 21 st century will read and write more than at any other time in human history. They will need advanced levels of literacy to perform their jobs, run their households, act as citizens, and conduct their personal lives”. -Richard Vacca

34 The USA is currently the most powerful empire in the world. With empire comes responsibilities. Are YOU up for the challenge ?


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