Presentation on theme: "Unit 1 – From Legend to History A.D"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 1 – From Legend to History A.D. 449 -1485 The Old English and Medieval Periods
2Look at the timeline page 4… When did the Vikings attack a site in Britain?When did the Normans conquer England?What two dramatic events occurred in Britain in the 1330s and 1340s?
3Names and Terms to KnowLook up these terms and define them for an upcoming quiz:Celts and Anglo-Saxons Alfred the GreatNorman Conquest Magna CartaWilliam, Duke of Normandy GutenbergFeudal System
4Historical Background Between 800 and 600 B.C. two groups of Celts invaded the British Isles.The Celts were farmers and hunters.Rome invaded and ruled for 300 years, and then the Anglo-Saxons came in from what is now Germany.What does this tell you about the English language?
5Danish Invasion The Vikings carried their piracy to the British Isles. They sacked and plundered monasteries, destroyed manuscripts, and stole sacred religious objects.In 871, King Alfred the Great rose to power.He became a national hero by formally dividing the Saxons and the Danish.
6The Norman ConquestWilliam, the Duke of Normandy had family ties to descendants of Alfred.He suppressed Anglo-Saxon nobility and confiscated their lands.The Normans rebuilt England along feudal lines.Feudalism involves the exchange of property for personal service.Serfs – Knights – Baron – King
7The Magna Carta Richard I spent funds fighting overseas. King John tried to raise money by taxing the barons but they were unhappy.The king promised not to tax land without first meeting with the baronsRestrictions on royal power = beginning of constitutional government
8Literature of the Period BeowulfStory of great legendary warrior renowned for his courage, strength, and dignity. No known author but clearly defines warrior society ideals.Medieval Drama – plays of old dealt with biblical themes. Morality plays arose at this time.
9Emerging National Identity GuttenbergGeoffrey Chaucer – Middle EnglishThe Canterbury TalesPilgrims on a journey to the shrine of a martyr.22 tales
10Romances, Lyrics, and Ballads “The Death of Arthur”Robin Hood