I. The Feudal Period of Japan A. Social Hierarchy 1. Shogun 2. Emperor 3. Daimyo 4. Samurai B. The Code of the Warrior – Bushido C. Japanese Castles D. Basic Japanese History
A. EUROPEAN Feudalism A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Europe: King Lord Knight Peasant Land - Fief Protection Loyalty Food
B. JAPANESE Feudalism Japan: A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service. Japan: Shogun Daimyo Samurai Peasant Land - Shoen Protection Loyalty Food
Japanese Feudalism I.Feudalism: self-sufficient political/social structure of Japan. 1.Emperor – figurehead, no real power. 2.Shogun – local rulers with power & land. A.Gave some of their land to the daimyo in exchange for loyalty. 3.Daimyo – large landowners. A.Gave some of their land to the samurai in exchange for protection. 4.Samurai – warriors. A.Gave protection to the lower class in exchange for food & services. B.Bushido Code – “the way of the warrior” i.Rules that the samurai had to live by. 5.Peasants, artisans & merchants. A.Made up 4/5 of the population.
Bushidō ( 武士道 ?), meaning "Way of the Warrior-Knight", samurai life chivalry honor unto death Is theJapanese code of conduct and a way of the samurai life, loosely analogous to the concept of chivalry. It originates from the samurai moral code and stresses frugality, loyalty, martial arts mastery, and honor unto death
Ancient Warrior: Samurai Video http://www.youtube.com/w atch?v=wKeD9vkJ-0E
Seppuku reputation cut off his head In the world of the warrior, seppuku was a deed of bravery that was admirable in a samurai who knew he was defeated, disgraced, or mortally wounded. It meant that he could end his days with his wrongdoing wiped away and with his reputation not merely intact but actually enhanced. The cutting of the abdomen released the samurai’s spirit in the most dramatic fashion, but it was an extremely painful and unpleasant way to die, and sometimes the samurai who was performing the act asked a loyal comrade to cut off his head at the moment of agony.
Seppuku: Ritual Suicide Kaishaku – his “seconds” It is honorable to die in this way.
8. Mongolian Conquest A. The Mongolian conquest of China and Korea threatened Japan. B. Japan refused to accept Mongolian rule prompting an invasion of Japan by Kublai Khan in 1274. A typhoon wrecked a huge fleet of ships carrying 30,000 soldiers. C. Another invasion in 1281 was wrecked by a typhoon. D. The Japanese credit the spirit of the wind for protecting them (kamikaze), the Mongolians gave up on the invasion.
Mongol “ Invasions ” of Japan 4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but kamikaze winds stopped them.
Centralized Feudalism Tokugawa wanted to end the warfare Created a unified orderly society: Daimyo and families had to live in Tokyo the Shogun could have access to them. Needed permission to marry or repair their castles. Only samurai were allowed to serve in the military or have a government job Follow the traditions of bushido.
Ashikaga Age: 1338-1573 ► Shoguns fought for power. Laws are unclear. Less efficient than the Kamakura. Armies of samurai protected the country.
THIS IS WHO YOU CALL WHEN AN ARMY OF SAMURAI WON’T DO!!!!!!!!!!! E. THE NINJA
WAS A COVERT AGENT OR MERCENARY IN FEUDAL JAPAN WHO SPECIALIZED IN UNORTHODOX WARFARE. THE FUNCTIONS OF THE NINJA INCLUDED ESPIONAGE, SABOTAGE, INFILTRATION, AND ASSASSINATION, AND OPEN COMBAT IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS. THEIR COVERT METHODS OF WAGING WAR CONTRASTED THE NINJA WITH THE SAMURAI, WHO OBSERVED STRICT RULES ABOUT HONOR AND COMBAT. THE SHINOBI PROPER, A SPECIALLY TRAINED GROUP OF SPIES AND MERCENARIES, APPEARED IN THE SENGOKU OR "WARRING STATES" PERIOD, IN THE 15TH CENTURY. E. THE NINJA
Ancient Warrior: Ninja Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lV k8FAXnmho&feature=relmfu