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The Rise of Feudalism in Japan

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1 The Rise of Feudalism in Japan

2 Yamato Period 300-710. Chinese cultural influence.
Aspects of China that were adopted included: Confucianism. Buddhism. Art & architecture. Government structure. Language, especially kanji characters. Prince Shotoku, AD Spread Chinese culture and Confucianism. Allowed Buddhist sects to grow and develop. Created a new governmental structure. Including a 17 Article Constitution in 604 AD.

3 A Divine Emperor Prior to 400 AD clans ruled separate areas of Japan.
Yamato Clan produced the first emperor Emperor considered descendant of Sun Goddess and most important person in Shinto Japan’s native religion. Emperor respected for religious power, not political power. Clans fought to be emperor’s advisors.

4 Nobles Gain Power Earned trust of Emperor, which gained them control.
Married daughters of princes. Making sure grandsons were related to both families. Nobles received most of government’s high-ranking posts. Nobles dominated emperor. Emperor’s role became almost completely ceremonial Nobles advised Emperor to give shoen to nobles and clans. Shoen is a grant of land. Similar to manor or fief in European Feudalism. By the end of the Yamato period, Japan was divided into 5000 shoen and the government had almost no land

5 Heian Period 764-1156. Characteristics of the period:
Growth of large land estates. Chinese art and literature spread. Writing and artistic style. Personal diaries and novels The Tale of Genji. Etiquette and highly refined court life. Began to move away from Chinese models of religion and government. Buddhism evolved into Zen Buddhism. Japanese form of Buddhism that focuses on mental and self discipline. Not influenced by Chinese civil service system.

6 Refined Court Life of the Nobles
Maintained elegant appearance. Elaborate clothing & makeup. Practiced restrained behavior. Rude to laugh with one’s mouth open. Always maintained decorum. Letters had to be folded properly Devoted leisure time to pursuing pastimes. Modeled after influences from Chinese culture

7 Kamakura Period 1185-1333. Minamoto Yoritomo.
Founded the Kamakura Shogunate. Considered the beginning of the Medieval Japan. Chinese influence declined. Increased influence of court system. Development of Feudalism in Japan.

8 Japanese Feudalism What is Feudalism? Why did Japan need it?

9 Reason #1: Nobles vs. Nobles
Isolated court life for court nobles. Provincial nobles were rugged, independent, and led private armies Became more powerful as court nobles isolated themselves Constantly battled with one another over control of the provinces

10 Reason #2: Aftermath of Mongols
Mongols attempt to invade Japan. Mongols are not successful. Sense of national unity develops. Belief in superior culture. War debt. Unpaid samurai terrorized peasants for money. Kamakura Shogunate driven from power by dissatisfied samurai

11 Reason #3: Battle over Governmental Control
Taira & Minamoto clans fought for control. Minamoto drove Taira from power. Beginnings of Feudalism: Under Minamoto rule, samurai warriors dominate Japanese society. Samurai took control of government. Created Bakufu. military government Emperor was only a religious leader of Japan

12 Japanese Feudalism What is Feudalism? Why did Japan need it?
Feudalism is a political, economic, and social system. The system is based on loyalty, land holdings, and military serve/protection. The code of Bushido. Fidelity, politeness, virility, and simplicity. Seppuku. Ritual suicide Honored way for Samurai to die. Commonly called Hara-kiri.

13 Japanese Feudalism

14 Structure of Contact in Japanese Feudalism
Shogun Land - Shoen Loyalty Land - Shoen Daimyo Daimyo Loyalty Samurai Samurai Samurai Food Protection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant

15 Bakufu Shogun Daimyo Samurai Peasants military & political leader
high-ranking samurai lord who provided shogun with warriors in exchange for land Samurai lower-ranking warriors who served their daimyo in exchange for small manors Peasants lowest class: worked land for their lord

16 European Feudalism Developed after the fall the Roman Empire.
Based on the same principles as Japan. The code of Chivalry Justice, loyalty, defense, courage, faith, humility, and nobility. Manorialism was only present in European Feudalism, not Japanese Feudalism. What’s the difference between Manorialism and Feudalism? Manorialism is the economy system of the fief. Feudalism is the economic, political, and social structure of the country or region as a whole.

17 Structure of Contact in European Feudalism
King Land - Fief Loyalty Land - Fief Lord Lord Loyalty Knight Knight Knight Food Protection Peasant Peasant Peasant Peasant

18 Himeji Castle

19 The walls inside and outside of Himeji Castle.

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