Presentation on theme: "SAFE at the plate! ASC Orientation"— Presentation transcript:
1SAFE at the plate! ASC Orientation BEFORE BEGINNING CLASS, CHECK INTERNET CONNECTION AND VERIFY EMBEDDED LINKSWhen our customers come to us, they have an expectation that they are going to be safe. Of all of the safety factors we consider at ASC and at SUNY Cortland, one of the most difficult is food safety. This is because the hazards that exist in foods often cannot be seen, smelled, or tasted.According to the CDC, over 300,000 people are hospitalized annually with FBI, and over 5,000 die.Just as highway patrols and insurance companies say that almost all vehicle accidents are preventable, the same holds true for FBI. Human error accounts for the overwhelming majority of FBI cases.Today we will talk about the critical role you play in ensuring the safety of the food prepared and served here at ASC.As an added bonus, much of what we’ll talk about here is applicable off the job as well – at home, in the residence halls, and when eating out.ASC Orientation
2Serve It Safely! Prentice Hall – Personal Hygiene Video (7 min) There is one “goof” in the video – prize for the person who finds it(narrator talks about using a paper towel to open the restroom door but then throws away his towel and doesn’t do it)The video lists names of specific FBI which must be reported to a manager. Participants need not remember the specific names – just that any diagnosis of FBI in themselves or their household must be reported – they cannot work until health department gives medical clearance for RTW.
31• Providing Safe FoodFoodborne IllnessFoodborne Illness Disease carried or transmitted to people by foodFoodborne-Illness Outbreak Incident in which two or more people experience the same illness after eating the same foodTalking Points:Discuss the definitions of foodborne illness and foodborne-illness outbreak.In most states, a licensed physician who diagnoses foodborne illness in a patient is required by law to notify the local health department which will trigger an investigation. By talking to each person involved and tracking similar complaints, the health department will be able to identify where the outbreak occurred.Begin the class with an icebreaker where participants introduce themselves, their position/unit, and the worst example of food safety practices they have seen (no names!)1 -21-2
4It's enough to make you sick 1• Providing Safe FoodFoodborne IllnessFines/PenaltiesLawsuitsMedical BillsEmbarrassmentBad publicityBusiness closureUnemploymentDeathTalking Points:Discuss the consequences of a foodborne-illness outbreak.Discuss a current foodborne illness news article. Solicit stories from participants regarding a foodborne illness they may have had.It's enough to make you sick1-2
5But wait…You may think back to Grandma leaving the Thanksgiving turkey to thaw on the counter or licking the cake batter from the bowl and think “I’m still here, right?”Just as traffic laws are designed to identify and reduce common road hazards, food safety standards are designed as best practices to most effectively reduce or eliminate hazards associated with food.When we cook at home, we are accountable only to ourselves (and perhaps our families or friends). However when we serve food to the public, we are responsible for exhibiting a reasonable standard of care in ensuring their safety. Knowing and following established food safety practices is part of that standard of care.Think about when you visit a restaurant or grocery store – you have a right to trust that you will be safe from harm – whether that be physical safety, cash handling/credit card integrity, or the safety of the products you consume.
6Foodborne Illness Poor Personal Hygiene Cross Contamination Almost every case of foodborne illness can be linked back to one or more of these chief causes:Poor personal hygieneCross contaminationTime & temperature abuseWe will discuss how every ASC Dining employee has impact on these three chief causes. If you are working as a cook, prep cook, kitchen staff or supervisor, you will receive more comprehensive food safety training in the near future.Poor Personal HygieneCross ContaminationTime-Temp Abuse
7And now a word from our sponsor… DON’T try thisat work!(or anywhere else)DUMB-o-vision
93 types of hazards Biological Chemical Physical 1• Providing Safe Food Talking Points:Discuss each type of hazard and give examples. Tell participants that biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungi, and biological toxins. Chemical hazards include toxic metals, pesticides, and chemical cleaners. Physical hazards include dirt, hair, carton staples, glass, etc.Explain that biological hazards are the greatest threat to food safety.ChemicalPhysical1-8
10Come Clean! Wash hands properly 1• Providing Safe FoodCome Clean!Wash hands properlyObserve strict rules for eating, drinking, and smokingLimit jewelry to 1 smooth wedding bandRestrain hairDon’t work with food if you are illMaintain general personal cleanlinessTalking Points:Explain to participants that ensuring good personal hygiene is the manager’s responsibility. Discuss the importance of proper training and of modeling good behavior.Ask participants to describe poor personal hygiene practices they have witnessed. Ask them to explain how they corrected the problem.Drinking – cover and straw; out of customer view and away from immediate food areaClean clothes/uniformsHat or hairnet1-13
11Feel WellPersons with flu-like symptoms should be assigned to non-food handling tasks or sent homeMust report diagnosis or exposure to person with a food borne illness. (Roommate, family, close friends)
12Food Allergies Milk/Dairy Fish Eggs Peanuts Chocolate Shellfish 3• Contamination, Food Allergies, and Foodborne IllnessFood AllergiesMilk/DairyFishEggsPeanutsIf you don’t know, don’t guessMake sure signage is accurateBe aware of cross contact opportunities – counters, utensils, handsRefer students with allergies to managerChocolateShellfishWheat/glutenTree nuts3-15
13DUMB-o-visionJust as this isn’t smart, having physical contaminants such as staples, paper clips, band aids, etc., where they can get into food is hazardous.Can you tell which ones are balls and which ones are gumballs?
14Pass It On!Jacks Game & Handwash Video (allow 4-5 min for game and 6 min for video)
15Come Clean! Proper Hand Washing Procedure 4• The Safe FoodhandlerCome Clean!Proper Hand Washing Procedure1. Wet hands with running water as hot as you can comfortably stand3. Vigorously scrub hands and arms for at least 30 seconds2. Apply anti-bacterial(anti-microbial) soapWe’re adults here – didn’t we learn this as kids?This is the single most important thing you can do to promote food safety.It’s as easy as putting on a seat belt or reading a directional sign – but how often do we get busy and “forget” or “miss”?Discuss and demonstrate the six steps for proper handwashing.Point out the following:Water should be at least 100°F (38°C)Apply enough soap to build up a good latherLather well beyond the wrists, including the exposed portions of the armsNever use aprons or wiping cloths to dry hands after washingExplain that foodhandlers should prevent hands from becoming contaminated prior to returning to the workstation.When to wash?Why wash twice after using the restroom?4. Clean under fingernails and between fingers5. Rinse thoroughly under running water6. Dry hands and arms with a single-use paper towel or warm-air hand dryer4-5
16Gloves are worn AFTER handwashing, never INSTEAD! 4• The Safe FoodhandlerGlovesWhen To Change GlovesAs soon as they become soiled or tornBefore beginning a different task or food itemBefore handling cooked or ready-to-eat foodAfter touching hair, face,body, dirty dishes, trashGloves are worn AFTER handwashing, never INSTEAD!Talking Points:The gloves are only as effective as a user – they are not a “super barrier”Explain to participants that gloves help create a barrier between hands and food.Discuss the frequency of changing gloves.Discuss proper glove use. Explain that gloves must never replace handwashing.Remind participants that gloves do not protect food are not worn properly or if they contact contaminated surfaces (hair, face, body, trash, dirty dishes,4-8
17Storage Store raw meat, poultry, and fish: 6• Keeping Food Safe in StorageStorageStore raw meat, poultry, and fish:Separate from or below cooked and ready-to-eat foodIn the order indicated in the illustrationHigher cooking temperature = lower storage position`Kitchen staff will review this in greater detail – this is just to make you aware of proper storage basics if you are involved in breaking down and putting away food at the end of a shiftThe key is to store RTE foods – those which will not be cooked or heated before serving – above raw foods. That way the raw items cannot drip onto the RTE items which will not receive cooking or heating to kill the microbes.6-6
18Watch the Zone!40o140oASC observes a temperature danger zone of ’F. Federal codes have a slightly more lenient zone (41’-135’) however many of our food safety procedures are more conservative than code to provide an extra measure of assurance.The key is to move food through the TDZ quickly to restrict the amount of time for rapid pathogen growth.4 hours max is over the whole life of the food. You don’t know how long the item has already spent in the TDZ during transportation, preparation, storage, holding, etc.This is far more detailed, and those involved in cooking or monitoring temps will receive more comprehensive training. The bottom line for you now – hot food hot, cold food cold. If you suspect something is not at the correct temperature or that temperature holding equipment is not working properly, notify your supervisor immediately.
19DUMB-o-visionYeah, this is pretty gross. But it does happen pretty regularly in food processing. Contamination can occur at any point in the flow of food; not just at the point of preparation.
20Hold It! (Safely) Keep food out of TDZ Display food in small batches 8• Protecting Food During ServiceHold It!(Safely)Keep food out of TDZDisplay food in small batchesMeasure internal temperatures at least every 1.5 hoursNever mix new and old batchesTalking Points:Tell participants that the temperature requirements for holding food will be discussed in the next several slides.Explain that food should not be prepared any further in advance than necessary to avoid temperature abuse.Point out the importance of checking the internal temperature of food at least every two hours using a calibrated thermometer.8-2
21DUMB-o-vision What’s wrong with this picture? No hair coverings Guy on right using a knife to stir with (?)Bowl at edge of counter where it could easily slide offAre those cooked tarts he’s filling? Bare hands – raw batter nearby.
22Self Service Monitored by trained employee Sneeze guards in place One utensil for each item; store in food with handle extendedCustomers use clean plate for refillsMonitor temps every 2 hoursThis is important – you may be overseeing salad bars, sandwich stations, and other self-serve stations. Most customers have not had food safety training, so it is up to us to tactfully explain proper procedures to them.Why store utensils in food?Why one utensil per item?Why clean plate? How would you approach a customer reusing a plate?
2311• Cleaning and Sanitizing Cleaning & SanitizingCleaning Removing food and other types of soil from a surfaceSanitizing Reducing the number of microorganisms on a clean surface to safe levelsTalking Points:Point out that to be effective, cleaning and sanitizing must be a two-step process. Surfaces must first be cleaned and rinsed before being sanitized.11-2
24Sanitizing Immersion Spraying Wiping Keep rags in bucket Why keep rags in the red bucket?How to wipe table then chairs?Use of rags for floor spillsKeep rags in bucket
25Chemicals Containers must be labeled Store away from food Use as directed on labelNever mix chemicalsKnow MSDS locationIf you don’t know how to use the chemical, ASKWe will discuss chemical safety in more detail this afternoon. Be aware that improperly used or stored chemicals can pose a hazard not only to people but to food.The chemicals used in a professional kitchen are stronger and potentially more dangerous than those used at home.Like many organizations, ASC is trending toward environmentally friendly “green” chemicals – however green chemicals aren’t necessarily safer chemicals.Read and follow label directions and posted signage.Use the chemical as directed – more chemical doesn’t mean a faster or easier job – at the least it means waste – in the worst case, it could be a trip to the ER.Keep chemicals away from food and food storage. Some have pleasant or food-like smells or packaging that can be mistaken for food item (aerosol stainless polish vs. pan spray; all purpose cleaner concentrate that looks and smells like Kool Aid mix)What is an MSDS? Where can you find it?
26Notify manager of any complaints First priority is wellness/care 13• Food Safety Regulation and StandardsNotify manager of any complaintsFirst priority is wellness/carePhysician reporting requirementInvestigation and follow upWhile FBI is serious stuff, there’s often a tendency to over-assume and over-sensationalize actual or perceived cases of FBI.Many of the initial symptoms of FBI are flulike and can resemble symptoms of typical college activity – stress, lack of sleep, physical and mental exertion, overindulgence in food or beverage.The incubation period of common foodborne pathogens can range from several hours to several days. In many cases, it is not the most recent meal consumed that caused the illness, even though the complainant will often insist that it was.Bottom line: Don’t panic and don’t assume. Contact your manager.The first priority will be for the wellness & care of the person – getting them to medical careBy law, medical professionals who diagnose FBI must contact the local health department.The health department will interview the victim(s) and conduct a thorough investigation of all reported food sourcesASC will cooperate fully with the health department – our first priority is to prevent FBI, however if an incident is suspected or does occur, our goal is the same as theirs – to identify and correct it.By consistently practicing sound food safety – and training such as this – we significantly reduce the chances that an FBI incident will occur here. WE – all of us. Not the managers. Not the cooks. All of us.13-4
27DUMB-o-visionRead and follow instructions. If you don’t understand something, ask.If something doesn’t look right, speak up