10Which BEST defines the Harlem Renaissance? a time of great racial tension exemplified by race riots in New Yorkc.a concentrated time of African Americn achievement in literature and musicb.a time of high interest in soutehrn African American cultured.the renovation of turn of the century building in Harlem
11c.a concentrated time of African Americn achievement in literature and music
12Why was the National Origins Act of 1924 passed?
13to limit immigration from soutehrn and eastern Europe
14Which phrase describes the 1920s? spirited and uncertainc.stable and traditionalb.prosperous and secured.trusting and patriotic
16Why were the 1920s called the Roaring Twenties? Americans wanted to intervene in European politicsc.Congress passed many pro-immigration billsb.Many immigrants entered the United States eager to find jobsd.There was much lifestyle change
20Which does NOT characterize the Great Depression? farm foreclosures and price controlsc.an improved gross national product and consumer spendingb.an effort by government to economically intervene in the lives of Americansd.limited schooling and malnutrition among children
21c.an improved gross national product and consumer spending
22Which BEST describes the economic situation in Ameirca in 1930? Several banks closedc.People had plenty of money to buy foodb.Farms prices were on the rised.Jobs were plentiful in California
28All of the following situations provide examples of the effects of New Deal programs EXCEPT a need being created for more workersc.people moving from the Midwest to Californiab.the construction of public works like dams and bridgesd.farmers receiving government subidies
34In 1944, journalist Ernie Pyle wrote, “It seems to me a miracle taht we ever took the beach at all.” What can you infer about D-Day frm this statement?a.There were not evnough soldiers and machines to go to war.c.The United States was unpreparedb.it was a long, bloody, and very difficult battled.The beach terrain was difficult
35b.it was a long, bloody, and very difficult battle
36What was the result of the attack on Pearl Harbor?
44Though President Wilson was able to convince European leaders of the value of the League of Nations, to his great disappointment, the plan caused great dissenion in Congress. Massachsetts senator Henry Cabot Lodge stated, “I have loved but one flag and I cannot share that devotion and give affection to the mongrel banner invented for a league.” In the end, the United Statesa.ratified the Treaty of Versaillesc.agreed to join but only after Germany did notb.failed to join the League of Nationsd.lobbied so hard that Europe dismissed the plan
46Which BEST describes the Harlem Renaissance? a time when the architecture of Harlem was copied by other citiesc.a time when jazz music lost in popularityb.a time when the past success of Harlem was highlightedd.a time when the literary work of African Americans flourished
47a time when the literary work of African Americans flourished
48American Neutrality Acts passed during the late 1930s established an embargo against unfriendly nationsc.provided for a U.S. military buildupb.allowed for the sale of military hardware to Germanyd.created a system of war loans for European nations
49d.created a system of war loans for European nations
50Use the information below to answer the question. It is an example of muckrakingIt uncovered unsanitary conditions in food processingIt led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug ActPresident Theodore Roosevelt read itThe statements above describe
52In what way did the Lend-Lease Act provide a compromise between the will of the president and the belief of many in Congress?a.It allowed assistance to friendly nations without the United States difectly participating in the warc.It curtailed the sale of supplies to all nations involved in conflictb.It limited American involvement in Europen affairs by only providing advisors to friendly nationsd.It assisted Great Britain’s efforts against Germany bud did not offer help to other nations
53a.It allowed assistance to friendly nations without the United States difectly participating in the war
54Hoovervilles can be BEST described as shantytowns where displaced people lived during the Great Depressionc.parts of a larger reform bill to improve housing in Americab.small cities named in honor of President Hooverd.bank notes issued during the Depression in place of stock
55a.shantytowns where displaced people lived during the Great Depression
66Muckrakers, like Ida Tarbell, hoped to oversee the Tennessee Valley Authorityc.expose abuses in business and corruption in politicsb.stop ratification of teh 18th Amendmentd.improve methods of mass production
67expose abuses in business and corruption in politics
68What was the result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941?
70Use the information below to answer the question American factory workers could afford radiosMass production was used in auto productionConsumer demand increasedThe above are all examples ofa.the Roaring Twentiesc.the Keating-Owens Child Labor Actb.the Red Scared.the Great Depression
72Between 1860 and 1925, some 25 million immigrants came to the United States, many through Ellis Island. Many settled and worked in New York City. Where did most immigrants come from during this time?
74The goal of the Roosevelt Administration was to put Americans back to work. To that end, Congress initiated several work programs, including the Works Progress Administration (WPA), and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). What did Roosevelt attempt to do when it appeared that the U.S. Supreme Court might strike down the constitutionality of the Social Security Act, a main part of hsi New Deal programs?
75pack the court by adding justices supportive of the act
76What happened as a result of gold being discovered in the Black Hills of present-day South Dakota? Gold was given to Sioux Indiansc.Several years of armed conflict followed ending with the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890.b.Congress passed legislation restricting settlement in the Black Hills to the Sioux Nationd.The United States army pledged to protect the rights of Native Americans
77c.Several years of armed conflict followed ending with the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890.
78The policy of containment was introduced as America’s foreign policy with the the Tet Offensivec.the Berlin Airliftb.the Truman Doctrined.the Marshall Plan
80The domino theory held that if one country in a region fell to communism, others would soon follows. The domino theory was a factor ina.the Vietnam Warc.the Berlin Blockadeb.the Warsaw Pactd.the North Atlantic Treat Organization