1. 介绍 (Introduction) My name… 董治音 (Dong3 zhi4 yin1) （董老师 Dong3 lao3 shi1: teacher Dong ） The course.. How is the course taught? Questions? Your Chinese names.. What do you know about the language that we call “Chinese”?
1.What do you know about Chinese (mandarin) as a language? Phonetics Morphology? Syntax (Grammar) Dialects Orthography: The Characters Now, some Chinese !
1.Classroom Expressions… Zài jiàn-Good bye Xiè xiè-thank you Hěn hǎo-very good Nǐ hǎo-hello
1.The Three Parts of The “Chinese alphabet”-Pinyin First, A new classroom expression: Qǐng gēn wǒ niàn: read after me Initials: Consonants and consonant clusters Finals: Vowel and vowel combinations. Tones: Chinese is a tonal language! Let’s look at an example: Nǐ hǎo Nǐ hǎo
1-2.Syllable, Word, and Character One or more syllables make a word: Each syllable has a Chinese character initial Nǐ hǎo initial Nǐ hǎo 你 好 Tone final
2.The Pinyin Chart Finalsaoeê-ieraieiaoouanenangeng Initials 1234 a 1234 e 1234 (ê) 234 er 1234 ai 1234 ao 1 34 ou 1 34 an 1 4 en 12 4 ang b 1234 ba 1234 bo 1234 bai 1 34 bei 1234 bao 1 34 ban 1 34 ben 1 34 bang 1234 beng p 12 4 pa 1234 po 1234 pai 12 4 pei 1234 pao 1 pou 12 4 pan 12 4 pen 1234 pang 1234 peng m 1234 ma 1234 mo me 234 mai 234 mei 1234 mao 23 mou 1234 man 12 4 men 23 mang 1234 meng
6. Spelling rules First some classroom expression: Qǐng wèn When there is no intials before finals starting with u, w shall be added as initial. For example: u - wu If there is other vowels after u, u shall be changed to w. For example: ua – wauo –wouai –waiuei – wei When there is no intials before finals starting with i, y shall be added as initial. For example: in –yining -ying If there is other vowels after i, i shall be changed to y. For example: ia – yaie –yeiao –yaoiou –you
6. Spelling rules When there is no intials before finals starting with ü, y shall be added as initial no matter if there is vowels after ü. When y added, ü is changed to u. For example: ü – yuüe – yueüan – yuanün –yun When initials other than n and l proceed finals ü starting with, ü changes to u. nü – nülü – lüjü – juqü - qu
Practice Yan Ian uan wan yi iiii XuXuXuXu XüXüXüXü
6. Where to mark the tones? The tone mark is placed over the vowel if there is only one vowel letter. bùnàtè If there are two vowels, the tone mark is placed on the first, unless the this first vowel is i or u. kǎihēiqiútuī Qióngzhuāng chuán When the tone mark is place on i, the small dot is removed. yílínhuī
6.Classroom Expressions and L1 New words Duī bù qǐSorry, excuse me Méi guān xiIt’s O.K. How do you ask questions? Nǐ hǎo mā How are you? Wǒ hěn hǎo ! I am good. Let’s greet each other this way! Let’s practice on L1 D1 new words..
The Characters 中国字 The origin and categories of Characters Basic radicals Stroke order Basic strokes Let’s practice! Your homework( a lot of it):
The origin of Chinese Characters The earliest Chinese characters were found on the “Oracle bones” (turtle shells) Chinese written system evolved over the years and developed many different styles
Categories of Modern Chinese Characters Pictographic Self-explanatory Associative compounds
Categories of Modern Chinese Characters Pictophonetic 洋妈 饭 钢 Mutually explanatory 老考 Phonetic loan 来我
Radicals Radicals are basic and meaningful components of Chinese characters. Knowing them well will greatly facilitates your understanding of the characters 你 好
Basic Strokes There are a total of eleven basic strokes that in combination form Chinese characters. Each of them should be written in a particular way
The stroke orders 1. Top before bottom 2. Left before right 3. Left vertical stroke (usually) before top horizontal stroke 4. Bottom horizontal stroke last 5. Center stroke before wings 6. Horizontal strokes before intersecting vertical strokes 7. Left-falling strokes before right-falling srokes A final rule can contradict the others: 4. Bottom horizontal stroke last 5. Center stroke before wings 6. Horizontal strokes before intersecting vertical strokes 7. Left-falling strokes before right-falling srokes A final rule can contradict the others: 8. Minor strokes (often) last Despite these conflicts between rules most students quickly acquire a natural feel for the proper stroke order. `
Lesson 1 New Words Let’s write some of the new words from Lesson 1 ， and pay attention to the structures and radicals of these words 小姐请问您 贵姓名字我
Practice Quiz I.Circle the sound you heard: 1)bp2)dt 3)gk4)jq 5)xt6)mf 7)nl8)zhsh 9)zc10)lh 11)chc12)zzh 13)ssh14)jg 15)cz
Practice Quiz IICircle the sound you heard and mark the tones: 1)xishi2)rili 3)zaja4)zhenchen 5)sixi6)gehe 7)xinjin8)chanshan 9)qichi10)shazha