2 Unit 9 Graded Items Seminar (10 points) Discussion (20 points) Final Exam (140 points)Deadline: 11:59 PM ET, Tuesday, June 19
3 Final Exam Format 140 points total 5 points for each question 28 true/false or multiple choice questionsCovers material from units 1-9 (emphasis on units 6-9)2 hour time limit; only one attemptDeadline: 11:59 PM ET, Tuesday, April 3
4 Unit 10 Course Reflection Seminar and Discussion (ungraded)Term ends: 11:59 PM ET, Tuesday, June 26
5 Tort InvestigationsParalegals play an important role in the investigation phase of tort cases.Investigation tailored to the particular type of case and the facts involved in the case.
6 Scenario AYou are working as a paralegal for a law firm representing the plaintiff in a medical malpractice action. You are asked to conduct investigation on the physician expert witness for the defense. Where would you go to research information about the physician?
7 Scenario A Contact other physicians, nurses, previous employers Check if physician has previously testified as expertResearch if physician has been named as defendant in prior med-mal casesVerify license, board certificationsContact State Medical Board for possible complaints/disciplineInternet research - “Google”Formal discovery (depositions, interrogatories)Search dockets, cases, jury verdict summaries (Westlaw, Lexis)Research where physician completed residencyResearch newspaper articlesPrior criminal convictions
8 Scenario BArnold is playing bingo at the local Grand Tigers Club fundraiser at the Hotel Luxe. Just when his cards are finally starting to look promising, the five-foot-long fluorescent light fixture drops from the ceiling above his head, rendering him momentarily unconscious. The bingo caller stops the game long enough to summon the local fire department, the police, and the town paramedics, who take Arnold to the local emergency room for treatment.You are a paralegal working for a law firm that represents Arnold. Where would you go to investigate this case? What sources would you consult?
9 Public Sector Resources State and Local Government:vital statistics, marriage licenses, property ownership records, police records, tax assessment records, deeds, driver, vehicle, and boat records, and civil suit or criminal records
10 Weather StatisticsOfficial weather statistics from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) which is part of the United States Commerce Department
11 FOIA and Sunshine Laws Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Agencies required to disclose records Agencies may withhold information pursuant to nine exemptions in the statute.Sunshine Laws: Laws that provide for the disclosure of information from governmental entities
12 Researching Business Entities Secretary of State: fictitious name (D/B/A)EDGAR (SEC filings)Dun & Bradstreet (D&B): Business directoryHoover’s
13 Assumed NameIn some jurisdictions, to do business under a fictitious name, a certificate of an assumed name must be filed (also called D/B/A – “doing business as”)Filed with state Secretary of State
15 Conducting Interviews Use open ended questionsBegin with “Who” “What” “Where” “Why” “When” and “How”Avoid close ended questions that call for a simple yes/no response.
16 Naming Wrong Defendant Potential consequences for naming wrong defendantAttorney: possibly liable for malpractice or subject to discipline for suing the wrong person or business as a defendantClient: potential liability or fines
18 Settlement BrochuresVideotape and computer animation sometimes used accident reconstructionfor settlement brochures and demonstrative evidenceSample company:
19 Final Exam Review Unit 6: Premises liability Vicarious liability Negligence per seDefenses in negligence: mistake, contributory negligence, comparative negligence, assumption of the risk, last clear chance, statute of limitations
20 Final Exam Review Unit 7: Nuisance Wrongful death Wrongful birth Immunities
21 Final Exam Review Unit 8: Strict Liability Ultrahazardous activities Wild animalsProducts liability