We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byKayley Cofield
Modified about 1 year ago
Chapter 18: The Federal Court System Section 2
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2Chapter 18, Section 2 Objectives 1.Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the federal district courts. 2.Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the federal courts of appeals. 3.Describe the structure and jurisdiction of the two other constitutional courts.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 3Chapter 18, Section 2 Key Terms criminal case: a court case in which a defendant is tried for committing a federal crime civil case: a court case dealing with a non criminal dispute docket: a list of cases to be heard by a court record: the transcript of the proceedings from a trial court
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 4Chapter 18, Section 2 Introduction What are the structure and jurisdiction of the inferior courts? –District courts are federal trial courts. They are divided into judicial districts and handle about 80 percent of federal cases. –There are 13 courts of appeals that hear appeals from the district courts and special courts. –The Court of International Trade tries civil cases related to the nation’s trade laws.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 5Chapter 18, Section 2 Judicial Districts Each state forms at least one judicial district, with at least two judges. –Larger states are divided into multiple districts and larger districts may have more judges. –There are 94 district courts, serving all 50 states as well as U.S. territories. Most district cases are heard by a single judge.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 6Chapter 18, Section 2 Multi-Judge Panels Three-judge panels try some cases involving apportionment, civil rights, or antitrust laws. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court is made of 11 district court judges and issues secret search warrants to monitor suspected spies and terrorists. The Alien Terrorist Removal Court is made up of 5 district judges and decides whether to expel suspected foreign terrorists from the country.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 8Chapter 18, Section 2 District Court Jurisdiction Checkpoint: What is the principal role of the federal district courts? –District courts have original jurisdiction over more than 80 percent of federal criminal and civil cases. –Federal criminal cases include bank robbery, kidnapping, counterfeiting, mail fraud, tax evasion and terrorism. –Federal civil cases include disputes involving bankruptcy, postal, tax, and civil rights laws.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 9Chapter 18, Section 2 District Court Jurisdiction In federal criminal cases, the United States is always the prosecutor. Most federal civil cases are between private parties, but the United States may be a plaintiff or defendant. Most of the decisions made in district courts are not appealed. –A few cases are appealed to the courts of appeals or directly to the Supreme Court.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 10Chapter 18, Section 2 Courts of Appeals: Structure Congress created the courts of appeals in 1891 to ease the burden on the Supreme Court. –There are 13 courts of appeals today. –The nation is divided into 12 circuits, each with its own court of appeals. –Each court of appeals hears cases on appeal from one of the district courts within its circuit.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 11Chapter 18, Section 2 Structure, cont. The Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit has nationwide jurisdiction. –This 13th circuit court deals with appeals from: The Court of International Trade The Court of Federal Claims The Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims The 94 district courts if the case appealed involves copyright or patent issues.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 13Chapter 18, Section 2 Courts of Appeals: Operation Each circuit court has from 6 to 28 judges, who usually sit in three-judge panels. –A justice of the Supreme Court is also assigned to each circuit. They do not conduct trials or accept new evidence. –Instead they review the record and the arguments of a case. Less than one percent of their decisions are appealed to the Supreme Court.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 14Chapter 18, Section 2 Court of International Trade Congress created the Court of International Trade in 1890 and made it a constitutional court in The Trade Court’s nine judges sit in panels of three and often hold jury trials in major ports. The Trade Court has original jurisdiction over all civil cases involving the nation’s international trade and customs laws.
Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 15Chapter 18, Section 2 Review Now that you have learned about the structure and jurisdiction of the inferior courts, go back and answer the Chapter Essential Question. –Does the structure of the federal court system allow it to administer justice effectively?
Chapter 18: The Federal Court System Section 2. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 18, Section 2 Key Terms criminal case: a court case.
STANDARD(S): 12.1 Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT 1.Describe the.
The Judicial Branch Chapter 18. THE INFERIOR COURTS Section 2.
The Inferior Courts Judicial Branch Inferior Courts Lower federal courts created by congress in the Judiciary Act of 1789 –Currently 94 of them –89 federal.
You will be able to: COMPARE and CONTRAST federal and state court systems LIST and EXPLAIN the differences between criminal and civil cases DESCRIBE.
Chapter 18.2 The Inferior Courts. The District Courts Entry point into the federal court system Jurisdiction Original Jurisdiction of 80% of cases Tries.
Jurisdiction and Inferior Courts Article III, Section 1.
CHAPTER 18 FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 22 “Laws are a dead letter without courts to expound and define their true meaning and.
Unit 6: The Federal Court System and Supreme Court Decision-Making Federal Court System.
Presented by Mr. Eash. 9 Members of the court 1 chief justice 8 associate justices Justices appointed by president and confirmed by congress
The Federal Courts and the Judicial Branch Section 2 at a Glance Lower Federal Courts The courts in the 94 federal judicial districts have original jurisdiction.
Of the United States Government. United States Supreme Court United States Court of Military Appeals Military courts United States Court of Appeals United.
Lower Federal Courts Section 2 The Federal Courts and the Judicial Branch Chapter 8.
CHAPTER 11 FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 22 “Laws are a dead letters without courts to expound and define their true meaning and.
The Federal Court System Chapter 18. Under Articles of Confederation, no national Court System Disputes between citizens of different States were decided.
CHAPTER 11 FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM. Alexander Hamilton, Federalist 22 “Laws are a dead letter without courts to expound and define their true meaning and.
Chapter 11 Section 2. Constitutional Courts –Article III Federal district courts, federal courts of appeals, and U.S. court of International Trade U.S.
Chapter 18: The Federal Court System Section 1. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 18, Section 1 Objectives 1.Explain why the Constitution.
It’s Complex. The Framers created the national judiciary in Article III of the Constitution. The Constitution created the Supreme Court and left Congress.
Types of Federal Courts The Constitution created only the Supreme Court, giving Congress the power to create any lower, or “inferior,” courts as needed.
T HE J UDICIAL B RANCH Chapter 18. P ART 3 Inferior Courts.
Chapter 18 The Federal Court System. The National Judiciary S E C T I O N 1 The National Judiciary Why did the Constitution create a national judiciary?
Chapter 18 – The Judicial Branch. Creation of a National Judiciary The Framers created the national judiciary in Article III of the Constitution. There.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government C H A P T E R 18 The Federal Court System.
Presentation Pro © 2001 by Prentice Hall, Inc. Magruder’s American Government The Federal Court System.
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH. A: Types of Courts ◦ 1. Trial courts hear evidence and arguments of the parties in a case. Known as adversarial courts system.
Chapter 11.2 LOWER FEDERAL COURTS Objective; Define the kinds of lower federal courts in the United States.
Ch. 18 Guided Reading and Review answers. Ch. 18 – section 1 questions 1.What did Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution create? It created the national.
The Organization of The Federal Courts Chapter 10 Section 2.
Judicial. JUDICIAL BRANCH BASIC INFORMATION Types of Cases Civil – involves a lawsuit filed (plaintiff), and (defendant) court decides responsibility.
Write down as many words associated with courts and trials as you possibly can? BELL RINGER.
Article III –National Judiciary 1.Section 1 1.____________________ 2.____________________ 3.____________________ 4.____________________ 2.Section 2 – Jurisdiction.
The Judicial Branch The main job of the Judicial Branch is to interpret the laws!
The Judicial Branch. Essential Question How would you describe the structure and roles of the Judicial Branch?
Chapter 18 The Federal Court System. Chapter 18, Section 1 The National Judiciary.
Chapter 10: Judicial Branch Describe the organization, functions, and jurisdiction of courts within the American judicial system. Explain the kinds of.
1 CHAPTER 18 The Federal Court System Creation Article III Supreme Court Congress may create inferior courts Dual Courts Federal State.
Ch. 18 The Federal Court System Section 2: Inferior Courts.
Lower Federal Courts. Federal District Courts U.S. divided into 94 districts Each state has at least one district. Large states like Texas, California.
Judicial Branch Powers ___________ laws –Do laws fit within U.S. Constitution guidelines Conduct __________ Protect the ________ of citizens brought before.
Federal Court System. Federal Courts Creation of Federal Courts –No national court system under Articles of Confederation –Article III established Supreme.
C H A P T E R 18 The Federal Court System. Creation of a National Judiciary The Framers created the national judiciary in Article III of the Constitution:
STANDARD(S): 12.1 Students explain the fundamental principles and moral values of American democracy. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT 1.Contrast the.
Chapter 18: The Federal Court System Section 4. Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Slide 2 Chapter 18, Section 4 Objectives 1.Contrast the jurisdiction.
THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM Chapter 18. The Judicial System Articles of Confederation did not set up a national judicial system Major weakness of the Articles.
LAW for Business and Personal Use © 2012 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be scanned, copied or duplicated, or posted to a publicly accessible.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.