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Article III –National Judiciary 1.Section 1 1.____________________ 2.____________________ 3.____________________ 4.____________________ 2.Section 2 – Jurisdiction.

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Presentation on theme: "Article III –National Judiciary 1.Section 1 1.____________________ 2.____________________ 3.____________________ 4.____________________ 2.Section 2 – Jurisdiction."— Presentation transcript:

1 Article III –National Judiciary 1.Section 1 1.____________________ 2.____________________ 3.____________________ 4.____________________ 2.Section 2 – Jurisdiction 1.Clause I 1.subject 2.parties 2.Clause 2 __________ 3.Clause 3 __________ 3. Section 3 – Treason 1. (2 part definition) 2. _____________ 3._____________

2 The National Judiciary Reference Chapter 18, Sections 1,2,4

3 The Constitution establishes the Supreme Court

4 The National Judiciary Judiciary Act of 1789 (Senate Bill #1) – Establishes district and circuit courts …

5 Jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case Original – the first court in which a case is heard. Appellate – a court that reviews a previously tried case

6 Supreme Court 12 “circuits” Court of Appeals 94 districts District Courts Structure of Federal Court System

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9 Jurisdiction- What kinds of cases are heard in federal courts? Cases with questions involving – The interpretation of the Constitution – Federal crimes as designated by Congress – Foreign diplomats – The US is a party to the case – Bankruptcy – Some state laws where the two parties are residents of different states

10 What kinds of Cases are heard by District Courts? Criminal Law Criminal Law – Violations of federal law Bank robbery Kidnapping Mail fraud Counterfeiting Tax evasion Civil Cases Civil Cases – Dispute between 2 parties; not criminal Bankruptcy Civil rights Public land uses Postal issues Tax issues

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12 Other Special Courts (frequently called legislative courts)

13 Other Court Officers US Magistrates – Issue warrants, preliminary review, set bail… US Marshalls – “sheriff”- arrests, custody, serve papers, courtroom order, civil disturbances District attorneys and deputies – Government lawyers Court Clerks – Papers, records, etc.

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16 A DUAL COURT SYSTEM State Courts Everything Else – Criminal law – Civil law Federal Courts Cases – Federal statutes – Constitution – Oceans Maritime,admiralty – US/foreign officials – Interstate – International

17 Jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case Exclusive concurrent

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19 Homework Read and note 18.3 The Supreme Court p Complete #1-5 p. 522


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