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Key People & Events in the History of Aviation Mr. Janosz Invention & Innovation.

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Presentation on theme: "Key People & Events in the History of Aviation Mr. Janosz Invention & Innovation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Key People & Events in the History of Aviation Mr. Janosz Invention & Innovation

2 Chinese Develop Kites 300 B.C.E.

3 Archimedes and Buoyancy Principle 200 B.C.E.

4 Leonardo DaVinci 1500 C.E. Theorizes flight machines

5 Leonardo DaVinci 1500 C.E. Theorizes flight machines

6 Giovanni Borelli 1680 C.E. Human Muscles are too weak to sustain flight

7 Blanchard & Jeffries 7 January 1785 Cross the English Channel in a hydrogen balloon

8 George Cayley 1804 Sends a gliding aircraft across a valley in Britain George Cayley is known as the father of the study of aerodynamics

9 Samuel P. Langley 7 October & 8 December 1903 Full scale model of piloted aerodrome fails

10 Orville & Wilbur Wright 17 December 1903 Orville pilots “Kitty Hawk Flyer” on a 120ft, 12 second flight in North Carolina

11 Orville & Wilbur Wright 17 December 1903 First piloted heavier than air powered flight

12 Glenn Curtiss 30 November 1907 Forms first U.S. airplane company Curtiss and the Wrights would later merge their respective companies to form Curtiss-Wright. The Curtiss-Wright company developed new engines and had a production plant in Paterson.

13 World War I First large scale military application of powered aircraft

14 World War I

15

16 U.S. Air Mail 1917

17 1917

18 Night Flight 1921 U.S. Army sets beacons to allow for flying at night

19 Ford Trimotor “Tin Goose” 1927 First production airplane designed primarily for passengers

20 Curtiss Wright Merger 1929 Toward the end of the 1930’s Curtiss-Wright Corporation boasted an Aircraft Division with principal production facilities at Buffalo, New York and St. Louis, Missouri; Wright Aeronautical, the Engine Division, at Paterson, New Jersey (soon to expand to an enormous facility at Wood-Ridge, New Jersey) and the Curtiss Propeller Division at Clifton, New Jersey. The Propeller Division expanded to larger facilities in Caldwell, New Jersey and Indianapolis, Indiana when World War II began. Early in World War II aircraft plants were also opened in Louisville, Kentucky and Columbus and Cincinnati, Ohio. During the war Studebaker Corporation and Buick Division of General Motors participated in the manufacture of Wright engines. Source: Now headquartered in Lyndhurst, NJ Web link Web link

21 Charles Lindbergh May 1927 First solo transatlantic flight

22 1930’s Most innovative period Several airline companies in existence

23 Hindenberg Crash 1937

24 1937

25 Boeing Stratoliner 1940 First pressurized cabin allows flight over 20,000 feet

26 World War II Increased aircraft production dramatically

27 World War II Curtiss P36

28 World War II HE-1 Hospital Plane

29 World War II P51 Mustang

30 Frank Whittle 1930 British inventor develops first jet engine

31 Hans Von Ohain 1939 German inventor develops application of jet engine to aircraft

32 First Production Jet Aircraft 1942 Messerschmitt Me262

33 Chuck Yeager First to break sound barrier

34 Chuck Yeager Bell XS-1 14 October 1947


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