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The World’s Major Religions

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Presentation on theme: "The World’s Major Religions"— Presentation transcript:

1 The World’s Major Religions

2 Seven major religions Judaism Christianity Islam Hinduism Buddhism Animism Sikhism

3 Judaism Jewish people believe in one god (monotheism)
Religious Holy Book is called the Torah

4 Founders of Judaism Abraham received the 1st covenant from god. Led the Jews to Canaan (Modern day Israel) Moses led Jewish people out of Slavery in Egypt & received the 10 Commandments (the core of Jewish religion & teachings)

5 Religious Holidays Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New Year
Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement Passover – Festival each year to remember their freedom from slavery in Egypt Hanukkah means "dedication," and it commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after its desecration by foreign forces. The celebration also reaffirms the continuing struggle to live by God's commandments and to lead Jewish lives.

6 The religious center of Judaism is the city of Jerusalem
The “Wailing” or Western Wall (the last remaining part of King Solomon's Temple

7 The 10 Commandments The core of Jewish religion & teachings
Have no other gods Don’t worship false images Don’t swear by Gods name Honor the Sabbath (Sat) & keep it holy Honor your mother & father Don’t murder Don’t commit adultery Don’t steal Don’t lie Don’t covet

8 Christianity An offshoot of Judaism

9 Jesus Christians believe that Jesus (who was born a Jew) is the son of God and his teachings are written in the New Testament Bible – Christian holy book

10 Similarities & Differences with Judaism
Both Christians & Jews believe in one god (monotheism) the stories in the Old Testament Differences According to Jewish belief, the Messiah is a special leader to be sent down by God to set up his rule on earth. Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah & Jews believe that he wasn’t & they’re still waiting for the Messiah to arrive.

11 Islam Means to submit to the will of God in Arabic
Followers of Islam are called Muslims

12 Muhammad Muhammad is the founder of Islamic laws & teachings. (it is forbidden for any likeness of Muhammad to be made) Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca around 570 AD. Muslims believe that he is the last Prophet to be sent down by God. They believe in Moses & Jesus, but think they were Prophets just like Muhammad.

13 Koran Islamic Holy Book

14 5 Pillars of Islam basics of Islamic laws & teachings
Pray 5 Times a day toward the city of Mecca Believe in one god (Allah) and Muhammad was his last profit Pay alms Make a pilgrimage to Mecca called the Hajj Celebrate Ramadan (fast during daylight)

15 Hajj

16 Hajj

17 Kabba The foundation of the Kabba is said to have been built by Abraham


19 Pray 5 Times a Day toward Mecca

20 Mosque Islamic House of worship

21 Hinduism

22 Hinduism is one of the oldest known religions in the world

23 Brahma

24 Vishnu

25 Shiva

26 A Hindu Temple is called a mandir.
All Hindus aspire to develop a positive karma which will influence a better rebirth. God assumes many forms in Hinduism of which Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer are most central.

27 Hinduism has no specific founder or origin, but rather is a collection of traditional beliefs.
Hinduism is directed towards selfless living, a fundamental belief being that the soul or atman survives death.

28 Houston’s Shri Swaminarayan Mandir



31 Hindu holy books are called Vedas

32 Buddhism Is an offshoot of Hinduism
Buddhism arose from the inspiration and teachings of Buddha Siddhārtha Gautama (624 BC). The Buddhist holy book is called the Tipitaka. It is a complete way of life concerned with the wholesome development of the individual. Buddhism can be best summarized by the words of Buddha himself: Learn to do good, Cease to do harm, Control the mind, And benefit others.

33 The Four Noble Truths (i) the world is full of suffering
(ii) suffering is caused by desire (iii) suffering can be removed (iv) in order to remove suffering one has to overcome desire.

34 Both Hindus & Buddhists believe in reincarnation, the constant cycle of birth, death & rebirth

35 A monk is someone who devotes his entire life to religious study

36 Thích Quảng Đức

37 Animism The attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects and natural phenomena. A supernatural power organizes and animates the material universe. Practiced by indigenous peoples (ex. Native Americans), especially before the development of organized religion.

38 Animism

39 Sikhism The Khanda is the symbol of Sikhism.

40 Sikhism was established in 1499 by Guru Nanak Dev

41 Sikhism The Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship

42 Sikhism Sikhs have 5 different beliefs known as the Five Ks which they should keep with themselves at all times: Kesh - hair, God has given it to you to keep so why shave it. Kanga - a comb to keep all of your long hair clean and hygienic. Kirpan - a mini sword to defend yourself, some people have a necklace which has a mini kirpan on it. Kachera - plain white cotton undergarment - reminds of high character. Kara - a metal bracelet which reminds a sikh of honest living as hands are generally used for any kind of action.

43 Sikhism There is only one God. God is without form, or gender.
Everyone has direct access to God. Everyone is equal before God. All people must live honest lives and care for others.

44 Sikhism The Sikh holy book is the Guru Granth Sahib which Sikh’s believe is the living embodiment of the Guru.

45 Sikhism The Sikh holy book is the Guru Granth Sahib

46 Sikhism

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