2Seven major religionsJudaismChristianityIslamHinduismBuddhismAnimismSikhism
3Judaism Jewish people believe in one god (monotheism) Religious Holy Book is called the Torah
4Founders of JudaismAbraham received the 1st covenant from god. Led the Jews to Canaan (Modern day Israel)Moses led Jewish people out of Slavery in Egypt & received the 10 Commandments (the core of Jewish religion & teachings)
5Religious Holidays Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New Year Yom Kippur – Day of AtonementPassover – Festival each year to remember their freedom from slavery in EgyptHanukkah means "dedication," and it commemorates the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem after its desecration by foreign forces. The celebration also reaffirms the continuing struggle to live by God's commandments and to lead Jewish lives.
6The religious center of Judaism is the city of Jerusalem The “Wailing” or Western Wall (the last remaining part of King Solomon's Temple
7The 10 Commandments The core of Jewish religion & teachings Have no other godsDon’t worship false imagesDon’t swear by Gods nameHonor the Sabbath (Sat) & keep it holyHonor your mother & fatherDon’t murderDon’t commit adulteryDon’t stealDon’t lieDon’t covet
9JesusChristians believe that Jesus (who was born a Jew) is the son of God and his teachings are written in the New TestamentBible – Christian holy book
10Similarities & Differences with Judaism Both Christians & Jews believe inone god (monotheism)the stories in the Old TestamentDifferencesAccording to Jewish belief, the Messiah is a special leader to be sent down by God to set up his rule on earth. Christians believe that Jesus is the Messiah & Jews believe that he wasn’t & they’re still waiting for the Messiah to arrive.
11Islam Means to submit to the will of God in Arabic Followers of Islam are called Muslims
12MuhammadMuhammad is the founder of Islamic laws & teachings. (it is forbidden for any likeness of Muhammad to be made)Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca around 570 AD. Muslims believe that he is the last Prophet to be sent down by God. They believe in Moses & Jesus, but think they were Prophets just like Muhammad.
145 Pillars of Islam basics of Islamic laws & teachings Pray 5 Times a day toward the city of MeccaBelieve in one god (Allah) and Muhammad was his last profitPay almsMake a pilgrimage to Mecca called the HajjCelebrate Ramadan (fast during daylight)
26A Hindu Temple is called a mandir. All Hindus aspire to develop a positive karma which will influence a better rebirth.God assumes many forms in Hinduism of which Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver and Shiva the Destroyer are most central.
27Hinduism has no specific founder or origin, but rather is a collection of traditional beliefs. Hinduism is directed towards selfless living, a fundamental belief being that the soul or atman survives death.
32Buddhism Is an offshoot of Hinduism Buddhism arose from the inspiration and teachings of Buddha Siddhārtha Gautama (624 BC).The Buddhist holy book is called the Tipitaka.It is a complete way of life concerned with the wholesome development of the individual.Buddhism can be best summarized by the words of Buddha himself:Learn to do good, Cease to do harm, Control the mind, And benefit others.
33The Four Noble Truths (i) the world is full of suffering (ii) suffering is caused by desire(iii) suffering can be removed(iv) in order to remove suffering one has to overcome desire.
34Both Hindus & Buddhists believe in reincarnation, the constant cycle of birth, death & rebirth
35A monk is someone who devotes his entire life to religious study
37AnimismThe attribution of a soul to plants, inanimate objects and natural phenomena.A supernatural power organizes and animates the material universe.Practiced by indigenous peoples (ex. Native Americans), especially before the development of organized religion.
40Sikhism was established in 1499 by Guru Nanak Dev
41SikhismThe Gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship
42SikhismSikhs have 5 different beliefs known as the Five Ks which they should keep with themselves at all times:Kesh - hair, God has given it to you to keep so why shave it.Kanga - a comb to keep all of your long hair clean and hygienic.Kirpan - a mini sword to defend yourself, some people have a necklace which has a mini kirpan on it.Kachera - plain white cotton undergarment - reminds of high character.Kara - a metal bracelet which reminds a sikh of honest living as hands are generally used for any kind of action.
43Sikhism There is only one God. God is without form, or gender. Everyone has direct access to God.Everyone is equal before God.All people must live honest lives and care for others.
44SikhismThe Sikh holy book is the Guru Granth Sahib which Sikh’s believe is the living embodiment of the Guru.
45SikhismThe Sikh holy book is the Guru Granth Sahib