2 DIVISION Organisms reproduce themselves by many various methods Some of these methods include:AsexualBinary fissionBuddingSporulationVegetative propagationFragmentation and RegenerationMitosisSexualMeiosis
3 BINARY FISSION Asexual reproduction Prokaryotic cells Some protozoa Some organelles in Eukaryotic cells
4 BUDDING Involves new individuals splitting off from existing ones In this example, new individuals grow out from the body of a parentThe offspring may either detach from the parent , or remain joined, eventually forming a colonyExample – stony coral
5 SPORULATIONThis is the process by which an organism produces reproductive cells (spores) by mitosisThe organism stores these cells in sporangia, which burst open to release spores that are capable of producing adult organisms (e.g., bread mould, Penicillium).Sporulation can also be a sexual type of reproduction (e.g., gametophytes).
6 VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION This is the process by which a new organism is created from the roots, stems, or leaves of plantsFor example:rhizoids in moulds,willow branches can develop roots and grow into a new tree,runners in strawberry plants can sprout roots and develop into a new plant
7 FRAGMENTATION Fragmentation is another type of asexual reproduction Involves the breaking of the body into several pieces, some which will develop into complete adults
8 REGENERATIONTo be able to reproduce by fragmentation, it must be followed by regeneration – the regrowth of lost body partsIf an organism loses an appendage, and then re-grows it, they have not reproduced – since a new organism is not createdSome sea stars Linckia can develop new organisms from a single arm, so one singleanimal can produce five newoffspring asexually