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1 Université de Montréal 2 INRIA Sophia Antipolis The Simulation of Paint Cracking and Peeling E. Paquette 1,2, P. Poulin 1, G. Drettakis 2.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Université de Montréal 2 INRIA Sophia Antipolis The Simulation of Paint Cracking and Peeling E. Paquette 1,2, P. Poulin 1, G. Drettakis 2."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Université de Montréal 2 INRIA Sophia Antipolis The Simulation of Paint Cracking and Peeling E. Paquette 1,2, P. Poulin 1, G. Drettakis 2

2 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Realism Realistic / believable images Simulation (Physics, Mathematics) Precision (perception, measurement) Constraints (time, memory) Tradeoff (increased realism) e-commerce architecture effects

3 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Aging Synthetic objects often look too perfect Deterioration –environment –everyday use Long term beforeafter

4 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Aging in Computer Graphics Important for realism –film –virtual reality –video games –design / prototyping Semi-automatic methods Control after before

5 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Peeling Thin layer (paint) Cracks, peels photo

6 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

7 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Paint Properties Elasticity –can be stretched Tensile stress –force required to stretch Tensile strength –force required to tear Adhesion strength –force required to peel

8 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Paint Properties Elasticity –can be stretched Tensile stress –force required to stretch Tensile strength –force required to tear Adhesion strength –force required to peel

9 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Paint Properties Elasticity –can be stretched Tensile stress –force required to stretch Tensile strength –force required to tear Adhesion strength –force required to peel

10 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Paint Properties Elasticity –can be stretched Tensile stress –force required to stretch Tensile strength –force required to tear Adhesion strength –force required to peel

11 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Physical Phenomenon Paint –dries, shrinks, tensile stress Deterioration –moisture, uv, pollution –elasticity, strength, adhesion Peeling –cracks, loss of adhesion, peels

12 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Method Simplified model –easy control –efficiency Surface properties Cracks –formation and propagation Loss of adhesion Peeling synthetic

13 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

14 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Previous Work Fracture –[Norton1991] [Hirota2001] –[O'Brien1999] [Smith2000] Cracks –[Hirota1999] [Gobron2001]

15 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Previous Work Peeling [Wong1997] –tendency (peeling sources, 3D noise) –threshold (no simulation) [Gobron2001] –cellular automata –order in which parts detach

16 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Previous Work Peeling [Wong1997] –tendency (peeling sources, 3D noise) –threshold (no simulation)

17 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Previous Work Peeling [Gobron2001] –cellular automata –order in which parts detach

18 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

19 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis 1- stress 4- decrease of lateral stress 3- movement (strain)2- crack Overview Top view: paint layer

20 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Overview paint base 2- movement (strain) 3- decrease of tensile stress 3- increase of shearing stress 4- loss of adhesion 1- stress Side view: 5- peeling

21 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Implementation Paint properties –2D grid –directional Cracks –sequence of linear segments –independent of the grid

22 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Cracks Control Texture –tensile strength –white = low

23 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Creation Perpendicular to the maximum ratio Grid property: tensile stress tensile strength New crack

24 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Propagation Perpendicular to the maximum ratio Grid property: tensile stress tensile strength

25 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Relaxation Perpendicular to the crack Grid property –displacement induced by the relaxation

26 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Adhesion loss distance Grid property shearing stress adhesion strength Adhesion Loss with respect to ratio

27 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Peeling Curls perpendicular to the crack Local geometry Control: mesh resolution     cross section meshrendered

28 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Peeling Direction Crack path is "jaggy" Direction of peeling is more continuous photo

29 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Peeling Direction Direction of peeling is even more continuous photo

30 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Level of detail Fusion metrics –loss of adhesion –length –direction Segment Fusion Detail information

31 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation crack IDs

32 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation

33 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation Detect with crack ID wrong ID

34 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation Detect with crack ID Join intersecting to intersected

35 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation Detect with crack ID Join intersecting to intersected Compute relaxation

36 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Intersection Crack propagation Detect with crack ID Join intersecting to intersected Compute relaxation Split the intersected crack

37 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

38 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Simulation System Simulation system –crack formation & propagation –relaxation and adhesion Cracks information –path, widths Rendering

39 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Maya Plugins paint base color geometry cracks

40 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

41 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Results: Wall photoaged2 nd view

42 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Results: Shutters photoaged2 nd view

43 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Results: Garage Door photo aged 2 nd view

44 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Results: Video Propagation –wall –text (GI 2002)

45 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Results: Statistics wallshuttersgarage nb crack segments simulation (400 MHz) 3 min20 min75 min rendering (16 x 400 MHz) 3 min

46 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Outline Peeling Previous work Simulation Implementation Results Conclusion

47 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Conclusion Control through textures Cracks and loss of adhesion Peeling Local geometry Segment fusion

48 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Extensions Multi-layer –paint over primer over base surface Multi-processing –one crack / processor Interaction with other effects –example: rust

49 Université de Montréal INRIA Sophia Antipolis Questions? Thanks to –Alias|Wavefront –NSERC, FCAR, MRI-MEQ, FES-UdeM –Université de Montréal, INRIA, UFJ –M. Glisse, A. Reche, C. Puech


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