Presentation on theme: "What should it look like?. What happens… Beyond McKenna/Walpole phonics instruction? In between McKenna/Walpole phonics cycles?"— Presentation transcript:
What should it look like?
What happens… Beyond McKenna/Walpole phonics instruction? In between McKenna/Walpole phonics cycles?
Fluency and Comprehension Good introduction to “real” reading. Designed to build accuracy, rate, and expression using real texts. Lots of teacher support Reading and re-reading! Comprehension checks Multi-syllabic instruction
Fluency & Comprehension Lessons Include… Instruction of Multisyllabic words Review what we’ve read, prepare to read the next section. Choral or echo reading first time through Whisper or partner read second time through Comprehension questions
Vocabulary & Comprehension Lessons This level is the goal we have for all readers, to reach this place where they can read with comprehension, discuss and write about what they’ve read, and go deeper with comprehension skills and strategies! Pick great books! How to Plan Differentiated Reading Instruction by McKenna/Walpole is a great resource!
“ Let’s get this party started! ”
“Can we just read the book now?” Joey Grade 3 “Why do we always have to talk about the book?” Jacob Grade 4 “ Are we ever gonna read?” Anonymous
“I want to make the book as easy for you to read and understand as I can.”
I want to stack the deck so everyone is a winner.
What counts as pre-reading? Any activity that helps students understand what they are about to read
Pre-reading activities are designed to: Get students excited about (or at least interested in) reading the text Give students a sense of how the text is organized Give students “tips” before reading Build confidence Bring forth prior knowledge that is relevant to the text and access students’ schemata (“say whaaat?”)
What is a schema ? Everybody’s got one!!! (actually more than one- schemata) Your schema is your knowledge of the world and how that knowledge is organized in your brain.
There’s more… As experiences happen and new knowledge is encountered, schemata are added to or modified. So, our job in pre-reading instruction is to help students access existing understanding, so they can weave in new information and create a new schema.
Time spent in pre- reading activities is time well spent… The Vocabulary and Comp lesson plan from McKenna /Walpole allocates 4-5 minutes to build background knowledge and introduce unfamiliar vocabulary
Tick, Tick, Tick …and 4-5 minutes of Teacher modeling to Provide focus for reading or listening
Examples of “teacher talk” can be found in the McKenna/Walpole “Rainbow Book”… …and can be modeled by your friendly neighborhood Instructional coach.
Vocab & Comp – Before Reading Introduce the book: build background, present vocabulary needed to understand text. For Fiction Selections: Use front cover and illustrations to make predictions and set a purpose for reading. For Nonfiction Selections: Describe text features; use them to make predictions about content and set a purpose for reading.
Vocab & Comp – During Reading Focus students on a comprehension strategy to be used while reading the text: Predicting Synthesizing Monitor/ClarifyFact/Opinion EvaluateCause/Effect QuestioningCompare/Contrast InferringText/Graphic Features AnalyzingUnderstand Characters Main Idea/DetailsSequence of Events Story Structure
Vocab & Comp – During Reading Students are to whisper or partner read the part of the book assigned. They will read with their purpose in mind! Students can go to their desks to read while the teacher meets with another group. For a very low group, or for Kindergarten or 1 st grade, the teacher may read the text instead of the students – this would be helpful for practicing comprehension strategies or building background, but shouldn’t be used all the time. Students need to be reading text, also.
Vocab & Comp – after reading Review comprehension strategy and purpose for reading – “debrief,” with students expressing their thoughts. A graphic organizer may be useful to reinforce the strategy used in reading. Ask specific questions to see that students understood the text and applied the comprehension strategy.
Vocab & Comp – After Reading After Reading – choose from: review the comprehension strategy – restate (or have students restate) the use of the strategy – refer to (look at ) the diagram or graphic organizer you used for this book for longer books, review what you’ve learned or read about so far, then wonder about what you might learn in the next section
Vocab & Comp – After Reading review the text structure (pg. 129) * sequential * topic-subtopic *simple listing *comparison-contrast * problem-solution
Vocab & Comp – After Reading Ask questions that prompt children to think actively about the text
Vocab & Comp – After Reading
Follow-up Activities Journaling Graphic Organizers Art Drama Retellings Connect to Content Area Projects and Presentations (particularly after a unit) BUT spend more time reading and writing than on “extra” projects!