2Figurative and Literal Language Literally: words function exactly as definedThe car is blue.He caught the football.Figuratively: figure out what it meansI’ve got your back.You’re a doll.^Figures of Speech
3Comparison of two things using “like” or “as.” SimileComparison of two things using “like” or “as.”ExamplesThe metal twisted like a ribbon.She is as sweet as candy.
4A comparison must be made. Important!Using “like” or “as” doesn’t make a simile.A comparison must be made.Not a Simile: I like pizza.Simile: The moon is like a pizza.
5Metaphor Two things are compared without using “like” or “as.” ExamplesAll the world is a stage.Men are dogs.Her heart is stone.
6Idiom A saying that isn’t meant to be taken literally. Doesn’t “mean” what it saysDon’t be a stick in the mud!You’re the apple of my eye.I have an ace up my sleeve.You’re driving me up the wall.
7AdageA statement that expresses some kind of truth about human behavior, or how people behave.For example, “Birds of a feather flock together.”This means that people with similar interests tend to spend time with one another.
8Proverb A figurative saying in which a bit of “wisdom” is given. An apple a day keeps the doctor awayThe early bird catches the worm.Don’t judge a book byits cover.
9AllusionA reference to a person or event from literature, history, or mythology.Allusions based on Greek myths:Achilles’ heel- He was a great warrior whose only weakness was his heel. Today an Achilles’ heel meanssomeone’s area of weakness.
10Another AllusionMidas Touch- King Midas had the power to turn everything he touched into gold. If someone has the Midas touch, it means what he does turns out well or makes money.
11Personification Giving human traits to objects or ideas. Examples The sunlight danced.Water on the lake shivers.The streets are calling me.
12Exaggerating to show strong feeling or effect. HyperboleExaggerating to show strong feeling or effect.ExamplesI will love you forever.My house is a million miles away.She’d kill me.
13Understatement Expression with less strength than expected. The opposite of hyperbole.I’ll be there in one second.This won’t hurt a bit.
14OnomatopoeiaA word that “makes” a soundSPLATPINGSLAMPOPPOW
15Pun A form of “word play” in which words have a double meaning. I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger and then it hit me.I’m reading a book about anti-gravity. It’s impossible to put it down.I was going to look for my missing watch, but I didn’t have the time.
16OxymoronWhen two words are put together that contradict each other. “Opposites”Jumbo ShrimpPretty UglyFreezer Burn
17Quiz On a separate sheet of paper… I will put an example of figurative language on the board.You will write whether it is an simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, pun, proverb, idiom, onomatopoeia, oxymoron or understatement.You can use your notes.
18He drew a line as straight as an arrow. 1He drew a line as straight as an arrow.
192Knowledge is a kingdom and all who learn are kings and queens.