Presentation on theme: "Status Attainment and Mobility"— Presentation transcript:
1Status Attainment and Mobility Social mobilityBlau and Duncan’s Status Attainment ModelWisconsin School of Mobility Studies
2Social mobility: “any transition of an individual or social object or value—anything that has been created or modified by human activity—from one social position to another.” (Pitirim A.Sorokin, 1959)
3Blau and Duncan’s Status Attainment Model Father’s EducationSon’s Education+++++++Son’s Occupation in 1962+Father’s OccupationSon’s 1st Occupation
8Basic Conclusions from Mobility and Status Attainment Research Though upward mobility has slowed somewhat, overall, upward mobility still outweighs downward mobility (in general).Occupational inheritance in the U.S. is fairly high at the top and bottom of the occupational structure. Between the extremes, inheritance is less and intergenerational mobility is relatively greater.Overall, most social mobility in U.S. is short-range mobility.
9Basic Conclusions from Mobility and Status Attainment Research The occupational pattern for Blacks in the U.S. indicates that there is much occupational inheritance at the bottom of the occupational hierarchy and occupational disinheritance at the top.Women, in general, are concentrated in lower non-manual positions. No matter where women originate (in terms of parental occupation), they are likely to move into lower non-manual positions.
10Basic Conclusions from Mobility and Status Attainment Research Both family background and education are strongly related to career success.Family background can give some people a “double boost” if they are from a privileged background…Parental status can affect career success (e.g. parent may have “connections”)High parental status affects educational attainment (thus, family background has an indirect effect on career success through education)
11Basic Conclusions from Mobility and Status Attainment Research Background variables account for nearly half of the variance in occupational attainment. This includes parental occupation, parental education, income, and race.Though the effect of education on career success matches that of background, there is a persistent problem of lack of access to education among various groups (especially low income, and racial minorities).
12Basic Conclusions from Mobility and Status Attainment Research The most recent research on occupational mobility indicates that occupational inheritance is on the rise and the affect of education on attainment is declining.
13Sample AnnotationKorenman, Sanders, David Neumark “Does Marriage ReallyMake Men More Productive?” The Journal of HumanResources 26(2): Addresses the question of why married men earn more than non-married men—even after controlling for relevant human capital variables, region, and industry. Examines the hypothesis that the marriage premium is based on productivity differences between married and non-married men. The authors confirm the existence of a marriage premium for white men even controlling for human capital variables. Data is dated (1984). Results are in contrast to 1992 article by same author which explores marriage/motherhood penalty for women. Article has very nice review of the research done on the causes of the marriage premium for men.
14Rank the following occupations according to their general standing in society: DoctorSecretarySchool teacherWaiter/waitressMaid/servant
15NORC Ranking/Duncan SEI Doctor (92)School teacher (70-72)Secretary(44)Waiter/waitress (16)Maid/servant (7)