Presentation on theme: "4.1 Photosynthesis 7.1.d Students know that mitochondria liberate energy for the work that cells do and that chloroplasts capture sunlight energy for photosynthesis."— Presentation transcript:
1 4.1 Photosynthesis7.1.d Students know that mitochondria liberate energy for the work that cells do and that chloroplasts capture sunlight energy for photosynthesis.
2 Sources of Energy ALL cells need energy! Photosynthesis- process by which a cell captures energy in sunlight and uses it to make foodKey Concept: “Nearly all living things obtain energy either directly or indirectly from the energy of sunlight captured during photosynthesis."Autotroph- organism that makes its own foodHeterotroph- organism that cannot make its own food
4 The Two Stages of Photosynthesis The captured light energy is used to produce sugars and oxygen from water and carbon dioxide.Key Concept: “During photosynthesis, plants and some other organisms use energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and sugars.”Sugar produced are used by the plant cells for energyCarbon dioxide enters the leaf through openings called stomataWater inters the plant through roots and moves upward to the leavesOxygen exits through the stomata on the underside of the leaf.
5 The Two Stages of Photosynthesis Photosynthesis takes place in 2 stages: capturing sunlight and producing sugarPigments- colored chemical compounds that absorb lightChlorophyll- main photosynthetic pigment in chloroplastsChloroplasts- are the green organelles in plant cells that give the plant its colorChlorophyll is like solar “cells” or cells that capture the energy in light in a calculatorThe captured light is used to power the second stage
6 The Two Stages of Photosynthesis 2 raw materials needed for stage 2 are water and carbon dioxideRoots absorb water, water then moves up through stem to the leaves, carbon dioxide enters through the stomataOnce the water and carbon dioxide are in the leaf they move into the chloroplastsStomata- small openings on the underside of leavesIn the chloroplasts the water and carbon dioxide go through chemical reactionsThese chemical reactions are powered by the energy captured in stage 1One important byproduct of this chemical reaction in oxygen and exits through the stomata
7 The Two Stages of Photosynthesis The Photosynthesis equation:6CO2 + 6H2O → C6H12O6 + 6O2OxygenSugarLight energyWaterCarbon Dioxide
8 The Photosynthesis Process Activity Click the Active Art button to open a browser window and access Active Art about the photosynthesis process.
9 ReviewHow does the sun supply living things with the energy they need?What happens during the process of photosynthesis?