2TEST ITEMHarry Potter and the Goblet of Fire ______________ by J K Rowling A- was written B- written C- wroteD- write
3Active vs. Passive Voice A sentence is written in the active voice when:The subject of the sentence performs the action.The person/thing performing the action is named before the verb.EXAMPLE:My grandfather took me to my first horse show.NOT: I was taken to my first horse show by my grandfather.
4Another example Active voice: My mother taught me to fish almost before I learned to walk.Passive voice:I was taught to fish by my mother almost before I was taught to walk.
5Active voice sentences When you write in the active voice, sentences are typically shorter and clearer.They sound more conversational.If each word costs you a nickel, you want to write concisely and in the active voice!
6Active voice does not mean present tense verbs The clerk opens the mail. (active)The mail is opened by the clerk. (passive)Past tense:The clerk opened the mail. (active)The mail was opened by the clerk. (passive)
7Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Future tense:The clerk will open the mail. (active)The mail will be opened by the clerk. (passive)Present Perfect tense:The clerk has opened the mail. (active)The mail has been opened by the clerk. (passive)
8Active voice does not mean present tense verbs Past Perfect tense:The clerk had opened the mail. (active)The mail had been opened by the clerk. (passive)Future Perfect tense:The clerk will have opened the mail. (active)The mail will have been opened by the clerk. (passive)
9Passive voice is acceptable … When you choose to write in the passive voice, you are emphasizing the object of the sentence rather than the subject.Scientific writing is a good example of passive voice writing.
10Passive voiceThe three-inch incision is made right above the pubic bone. Plastic clips are used to clamp off blood vessels and minimize bleeding. The skin is folded back and secured with clamps. Next, the stomach muscle is cut at a fifteen-degree angle, right top to bottom left.
11Active voiceThe doctor makes a three-inch incision right above the pubic bone. He uses plastic clips to clamp off the blood vessels and minimize bleeding. He folds back the skin and secures it with clamps. Next, he cuts the stomach muscle at a fifteen-degree angle, right top to bottom left.
12Practice ITEM 1Thieves __________________ over a million dollars in cash from the Bank of East Asia in Central. A- stolen B- were stolen C- have stolen D- was been stolen
13ITEM 2 VW cars _____________ in Germany and the Czech Republic. A- making B- made C- are made D- make
14ITEM 3Any vehicles found parked in front of these gates will ________________ A- removing B- remove C- be removed D- are removed