Presentation on theme: "Lexie Bowen, Sara Lascano, Dallas Smith, Lily Bragg."— Presentation transcript:
Lexie Bowen, Sara Lascano, Dallas Smith, Lily Bragg
Unemployment at 24.9% by 1933. American “dream” betrayed now. Did anything to keep rent paid and food on table. Soup kitchens a big help! Life became a daily struggle.
Started in Great plains; Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, and Colorado. Middle of 1930s. Drought, loose top soil, and high winds. Killed many animals, ruined farm land. Destroyed rivers. Farmers migrated & lost farms to banks. Okies: Dust Bowl refugees.
Family service agencies were overwhelmed by unemployment after the stock market crash of 1929. Public services now had middle class cliental who were jobless, homeless, and hungry. Most agencies struggled to stay open and by 1932, 1/3 of services were no longer available due to lack of funds
The federal government started working on new programs and new funding techniques The Department of Special Studies was created to find new methods to end unemployment and other strong issues. President Roosevelt enacted New Deal welfare programs (creating a safety net for those in poverty, unemployed, and disabled.
1935- Landmark Security Act was enacted, it included social insurance for children with single parents, the elderly, and disabled workers. The abundance of new programs and funds created a high demand for social service workers. Opportunities opened in education, medicine, social justice, etc. The demand required the knowledge and skills of a social worker causing a shortage of personnel This forced the federal government to create new associations and training programs to fill the places needed.
A soup kitchen is a bread line, or meal center where food is offered to the hungry, for free or at a reasonably low price. Mainly located in a lower income neighborhoods. Soup kitchens in America, started around 1929, when the Great Depression was starting to affect Americans.
When soup kitchens first appeared, they were mainly run by either churches, or private charities. When the middle of the 1930’s rolled around, federal governments were also operating soup kitchens. Soup kitchens mainly specialized in manufacturing and selling bread, and soup (Water could be added if necessary)
Al Capone started his own soup kitchen, because he wanted to erase the shady image that people had for him. He served three meals a day to assure that those less fortunate would have food to eat.
Forced to move, many had to illegally hop freight trains Called hoboes Bulls-cruel guards hired by railroads to make sure there were only paying riders Run beside train and hop on, if missed many lost limbs or life
Jump off as neared destination so not arrested or beaten by bulls Many left home because of unemployment, poverty, or simply an adventure Young kids boxcar kids Used Signs with other hoboes for information such as were to find food