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AMwww.Remote-Sensing.info Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info.

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Presentation on theme: "AMwww.Remote-Sensing.info Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection www.Remote-Sensing.info."— Presentation transcript:

1 AMwww.Remote-Sensing.info Ch.2 Remote Sensing Data Collection

2 Overview

3

4 Linear Array CCD Linear Array CCD Flatbed Digitizer

5 Digitization

6 Digitization

7 Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection Scanner: (TM, GOES) Pushbroom: (SPOT, IKONOS) Whiskbroom: (AVIRIS, MODIS)

8 Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection

9 Chronological Launch and Retirement History of the Landsat Satellite Series

10 Inclination of the Landsat Orbit to Maintain A Sun-synchronous Orbit Landsat Multispectral Scanning System (MSS/ TM) Orbit

11 Landsat 4 and 5 Worldwide Reference System

12 Landsat 4 and 5 Platform with Associated Sensor and Telecommunication Systems

13 Spectral and Spatial Resolution of the Landsat Multispectral Scanner (MSS), Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper (TM), Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM + ), SPOT 1, 2, and 3 High Resolution Visible (HRV), and SPOT 4 High Resolution Visible Infrared (HRVIR) Sensor Systems

14 Seven Bands of Landsat Thematic Mapper Data of Charleston, SC, Obtained on February 3, 1994

15 Reflectance of the Upper Surface of A Sycamore Leaf at Different Moisture Contents

16 Landsat 7 Image of Palm Spring, CA 30 x 30 m (bands 4,3,2 = RGB)

17 Landsat 7 Image of Palm Spring, CA 30 x 30 m (bands 7,4,2 = RGB)

18 GOES East and West Coverage NOAA: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration GOES: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

19 GOES Imager Optical Elements

20 GOES East and West Coverage GOES East Infrared GOES East Infrared August 25, 1989 GOES East Visible GOES East Visible August 25, 1989

21 GOES East August 25, 1989 GOES East Infrared GOES East Visible GOES East Water Vapor

22 Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection

23 Chronological Launch History of the SPOT Satellites SPOT 5 05/03-05/04, 2002 Ariane 4 launcher

24 SPOT Satellite System Components Courtesy of SPOT Image, Inc.

25 SPOT Off -NADIR View

26 SPOT Off -NADIR Revisit Capabilities

27 Comparison of the Detail of 30 x 30 m Landsat TM Band 3 Data and SPOT 10 x 10 m Panchromatic Data of Charleston, SC

28 Geographic Coverage of the SPOT HRV and Landsat Thematic Mapper Remote Sensing Systems

29 Portion of the First Global 10-day Synthesis Image Produced Using the SPOT Vegetation Sensor May 11-20, 1998 Courtesy of SPOT Image, Inc.

30 Space Imaging, Inc., IKONOS Panchromatic Images of Washington, DC 1 x 1 m spatial resolution

31 IKONOS Imagery of Columbia, SC Obtained on October 28, 2000 Panchromatic 1 x 1 m Pan-sharpened multispectral 4 x 4 m

32 Imaging Spectrometry The simultaneous acquisition of images in many relatively narrow, contiguous and/or non- contiguous spectral bands throughout the ultraviolet, visible and infrared portions of the spectrum.

33 Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection

34 NASA AVIRIS: Advanced Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

35 Airborne Visible Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS) Datacube of Sullivan’s Island Obtained on October 26, 1998

36 Hyperspectral Crop Classification Using AVIRIS Data

37 Earth Observing System - Terra Instruments ASTER - Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer CERES - Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System MISR - Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS - Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOPITT - Measurement of Pollution in the Troposphere

38 Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline EOS-AM Instruments Measurement AtmosphereCloud Properties MODIS, MISR, ASTER Radiative Energy FluxesCERES, MODIS, MISR Precipitation Tropospheric ChemistryMOPITT Stratospheric Chemistry Aerosol PropertiesMISR, MODIS Atmospheric TemperatureMODIS Atmospheric HumidityMODIS Lightning

39 Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline EOS-AM Instruments Measurement LandLand Cover/Land Use ChangeMODIS, MISR, ASTER Vegetation DynamicsMODIS, MISR, ASTER Surface TemperatureMODIS, ASTER Fire OccurrenceMODIS, ASTER Volcanic EffectsMODIS, MISR, ASTER Surface Wetness

40 Earth Observing System Measurements Discipline EOS-AM Instruments Measurement OceanSurface TemperatureMODIS Phytoplankton MODIS, MISR Dissolved Organic MatterMODIS, MISR Surface Wind Fields Ocean Surface Topography CryosphereLand Ice ChangeASTER Sea Ice MODIS, ASTER Snow CoverMODIS, ASTER Solar RadiationTotal Solar Radiation Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance

41 Earth Observing System - Terra Instruments MODIS - Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Orbit 705 km Sun-synchronous orbit Spectral Range  m Spectral Coverage +55˚, 2330 km swath Bands 36 co-registered bands: 20 bands (0.4-3 um), 16 bands ( um ) ( um ) Spatial Resolution 250 m (bands 1-2), 500 m (bands 3-7), 1000 m (bands 8- 36) 36)

42 Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra First day global coverage 2,330 km swath width

43 Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra Nile River and Nile Delta

44 Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Onboard Terra Nile River and Nile Delta

45 Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection

46 Positive Systems, Inc., Imagery Green Green Red Red Near-Infrared Near-Infrared ADAR 5500 System Components ADAR 5500 System Components

47 Emerge Spatial, Inc., Imagery Green Green Red Red Near-Infrared Near-Infrared

48 Litton Emerge Spatial, Inc., CIR image (RGB = NIR,R,G) of Dunkirk, NY, at 1 x 1 m obtained on December 12, 1998 Natural color image (RGB = RGB) of a N.Y. Power Authority lake at 1 x 1 ft obtained on October 13, 1997

49 Review Digital Image Terminology Remote Sensing System used for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Data Collection Scanner: TM, GOES Pushbroom: SPOT, IKONOS Whiskbroom: AVIRIS, MODIS Digital Frame Camera: Positive Systems, Inc. (ADAR), Emerge Spatial, Inc.


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