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1 The EXIM (Extrapolated Imagery) products Alexander Jann ZAMG, Vienna, Austria NWCSAF User Workshop, 24-26 February 2015, AEMET HQ, Madrid, Spain.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The EXIM (Extrapolated Imagery) products Alexander Jann ZAMG, Vienna, Austria NWCSAF User Workshop, 24-26 February 2015, AEMET HQ, Madrid, Spain."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The EXIM (Extrapolated Imagery) products Alexander Jann ZAMG, Vienna, Austria NWCSAF User Workshop, February 2015, AEMET HQ, Madrid, Spain

2 2 Goal of EXIM Provide  forecast satellite images  forecast NWCSAF products through kinematic extrapolation for lead times ≤ 1 hour

3 Heritage (MFG IR, +2h) 3

4 Forecast Cloud Type 12/12/2008, min

5 Forecast Cloud Type 12/12/2008, min

6 Forecast Cloud Type 12/12/2008, min

7 Forecast Cloud Type 12/12/2008, min

8 8 Outline of the algorithm  Interpolate (irregularly distributed) HrW product down to pixel level  Apply the vector field on every pixel n times ( n results from user’s specifications plus the limitation of max. + 1 hour)  Construct the predicted image / NWCSAF product by putting pixels at their predicted positions  Fill gaps through nearest-neighbour or average interpolation  Other post-processing, e.g. applying land-sea mask or writing NODATA at the edge of the image

9 9 Assumptions... …that might be worth some discussion:  We take every piece of HrW information that we can get, i.e. we eventually mix HrW vectors from those channels which the user selected in the HrW configuration file.  We make predictions at multiples of slot intervals, i.e. for MSG in nominal mode: +15, +30, +45 and +60. Thus, we “have” images / products earlier than without EXIM, yet we don’t produce imagery for times where we have no actual satellite images.

10 10 Input fields we already tried  SEVIRI: WV6.2, WV7.3, IR8.7, IR9.7, IR10.8, IR12.0, IR13.4 (yes, VIS0.6-IR3.9 work technically just as well but there are doubts whether we should enable their forecasting in the first version)  Cma  CT  CTTH_HEIGHT, CTTH_PRE  PC_PR1 and PCPh_PC  CRR and CRPh_CRR  SPhR_BL, ML, HL, KI, LI, SHW, TPW

11 11 Output files we envisage  One file per channel / product per forecast date  Mimicking output format for analysis output as perfect as possible. Ideally, EXIM products can be distinguished from their analysis counterparts only through the filename and the directory where they are dumped  “DATABUF” for satellite imagery, netCDF for products

12 12 Output files we envisage (2)  Relevant quality flags shall be extrapolated as well and be included in the forecast netCDF  The EXIM-specific quality flag (“actually extrapolated” vs. “achieved through post-processing / gap-filling”, applicable to both SEVIRI and product forecasts, hence one per forecast date) is dumped as DATABUF

13 13 Validation The SAFNWC PRT defines EXIM’s threshold accuracy as: on average better than persistence forecast Target accuracy is: always better than persistence forecast Hence, the validation approach is quite obvious: Compare the EXIM forecast with what was actually observed 15, 30,… minutes later and verify that the displacement actually did anything positive on the skill score (we use Peirce’s [abbr. PSS] and, for the CT product, its multicategorical variant, “R”  “verification”  ”multi.cont”)

14 14 Validation The following slides show PSS time series  Extracted every 2 hours  Over ~3.5 months (Sep 14 – Jan 15)  from ZAMG’s operational NWCSAF v2013+ suite, meaning in particular  the HrW default model configuration file was used  3-hourly NWP data, ECMWF, 1 degree resolution  European area

15 15 Geographical coverage

16 SEVIRI 16

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21 NWCSAF PRODUCTS 21

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28 28 

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35 35 Conclusions - SEVIRI Release of EXIM certainly OK for  IR  WV Perhaps it would be OK even for the entire spectrum, but the lack of modelling the solar radiation impact for 0.6 – 3.9 means: Risk!

36 36

37 37 Conclusions – NWCSAF products Release of EXIM certainly OK for  CMa  CT  CTTH  CRR

38 38 Conclusions – NWCSAF products Big question-mark on PC with its pronounced dependence on illumination conditions (recommended to users only during high-summer season?). For PCPh and CRPh, stringent validation difficult (uncertainties about areas where one can have 100% confidence). Statistics nevertheless indicate that there is value in the extrapolation (and things should improve with the 24h products announced by AeMet).

39 39 Conclusions – SPhR (future TqPh) SPhR and extrapolation with the atmospheric flow do not seem to go well together:  For the stability indices sub-group, this could have been expected.  For the moisture parameter subgroup, we have evidence that - to a large degree - the task is to predict the outcome of temporal NWP interpolation, at least for NWP intervals ≥ 3 hours → Leave it in the portfolio for those who wish to experiment with 1-hr NWP (actually recommended by SPhR developers)??

40 40 Future developments Until v1.0:  Consolidate the software (in particular working on the new netCDF output format)  Incorporating User WS outcome that can be accommodated fairly quickly  Continue validation Afterwards:  Incorporating User WS outcome that is rather challenging to be implemented  Take new NWCSAF/GEO products on board (we are always “day- 2”)  MTG


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