Presentation on theme: "ROMANTIC ART, LITERATURE AND MUSIC"— Presentation transcript:
1ROMANTIC ART, LITERATURE AND MUSIC A LATE 18TH CENTURY CHALLENGE TO RATIONALISM & REASON
2ROMANTICISM DEFINEDRomanticism was an artistic, musical, and literary movement that emerged at the end of the 18th centuryIt stressed emotion, feeling, intuition, nature, the occult, and imaginationCreates the artist as bohemian; intellectuals experimented with rebellious clothing, drugs, earrings, etc.
3ROMANTIC ART KEY PLAYERS Caspar David Friedrich J.M.W. Turner Theodore GericaultEugene DelacroixThese artists attempted to express emotion directly and subjectively. They rejected classical restraint in favor of warmth and movement.
4CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH German Romantic, 1774-1840 Preoccupied with God & nature, Friedrich often intertwined nature and the divineHe advised peers to “Shut your physical eye and look first at your picture with your spiritual eye.”His, Cloister Cemetery in Snow, on the right is an example of this synthesis..
5CASPAR DAVID FRIEDRICH For Friedrich, nature was a manifestation of the divineHe often portrayed humans overwhelmed by their surroundings and longing for infinityOn the left is his famous, Chalk Cliffs of Rugen, an example of that longing for infinity
6Joseph Malford William Turner English Romantic, 1775-1851 Like many Romantic artists, Turner painted dramatic landscapesHe loved ships at sea being tossed by nature’s forceAt left a ship is thrown in his SnowstormFOR MORE INFO...
7J.M.W. TURNERA prolific artist, Turner skillfully use light and color to depict the power of the locomotiveEarly in his career he accurately depicted such scenesAs he developed he used general fields of color to convey power
8THEODORE GERICAULT French Romantic, 1791-1824 Gericault greatly influenced the work of DelacroixConsidered one of the first to “load his shadows” with emotion & powerHis dramatic, Raft of Medusa, is considered a Romantic masterpiece
9EUGENE DELACROIX French Romantic, 1798-1863 One of the most famous Romantic painters, Delacroix embraced nationalism (a favorite Romantic topic)On the left, his Liberty Leading the People expressed French nationalism, during the Revolution of 1830FOR MORE INFO...
10EUGENE DELACROIXDelacroix’s famous, Death of Sardanapalus, was based on Lord Byron’s account of the last dramatic moments of the Assyrian KingAt right, a guard slits the throat of a harem womanDelacroix was renowned for his use of theatrics and movement with a dramatic use of color
11ROMANTIC LITERATURE KEY PLAYERS Johann von GoetheThomas CarlyleWalter ScottEdgar Allan PoeMary ShelleyPercy ShelleyLord ByronWilliam WordsworthRomantic writers, like their artistic counterparts, used emotion, sentiment and inner feelings in their worksAs one writer said, “It was my heart that counseled me to do it, and my heart cannot err.”
12JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE German Romantic Writer, 1749-1832 Goethe’s famous novel, The Sorrows of the Young Werther, is a fine example of the new literary eraThe title character sought freedom and fulfillment (individualism was a common theme)Tragically, Werther commits suicide due to unrequited loveSorrow & sadness were common themes in Romantic literature
13THOMAS CARLYLE English Romantic Writer, 1795-1881 Thomas Carlyle embodied sentimentality and individualism in his portrayal of the heroic figure who transformed societyHe believed events were determined by deeds of heroesCarlyle, in his epic book, Heroes and Hero Worship, wrote, “No sadder proof can be given by a man of his own littleness than disbelief in great men”
14SIR WALTER SCOTT English Romantic Writer, 1771-1832 Scott’s novels became best sellers in Europe in the first half of the 19th centuryHis classic novel, Ivanhoe, depicted the clash between the Saxons and the Norman Knights in medieval EnglandA common milieu of Romantic authors was historical novels, often set in the Middle Ages
15EDGAR ALLAN POE American Romantic Writer, 1808-1849 Poe helped promote a type of literature known as “Gothic”His chilling short stories emphasized the bizarre and unusualAmong his most famous works was The Raven
16MARY SHELLEY English Romantic Writer, 1797-1851 Shelley’s novel, Frankenstein, about a scientist who creates a humanlike monster has become a staple of high school English departments
17PERCY SHELLEY English Romantic Poet, 1792-1822 Romantic poets believed their medium was most pure of all Romantics because it came directly from the soulPercy, the husband of Mary Shelley, lived a brief but intense lifeWrote Prometheus Unbound, a poem about rebellion against society, rules and laws
18LORD BYRON English Romantic Poet, 1788-1824 A true Romantic, Byron dramatized himself in his poem, Childe Harold’s PilgrimageDied in heroic fashion fighting for Greek Independence against the Ottomans
19WILLIAM WORDSWORTH English Romantic Poet, 1770-1850 Romantic poets first love was natureWordsworth epitomized that love“One impulse from a vernal wood May teach you more of man, Of moral Evil and good, than all the sages can.” (Wordsworth, The Tables Turned)
20ROMANTIC MUSIC KEY PLAYERS Ludwig van Beethoven Hector BerliozHistorians have called the 18th century the Age of Classicism and the 19th century the Age of RomanticismBeethoven was the bridge between the two
21LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN German Composer, 1770-1827 Beethoven single- handedly transformed an eraHe is widely considered the preeminent composer of all-timeTHE MAN!!
22BEETHOVEN Like true Romantic artists, Beethoven worked off of emotion He said, “I must write, for what weighs on my heart, I must express”
23BEETHOVENBy age 13 Beethoven was off to the music capital of Europe– Vienna, AustriaBetween he was still working within the Classical framework under the influence of both Haydn & Mozart
24BEETHOVENWith the composition of the Third Symphony (Eroica- 1804), Beethoven broke through to the elements of RomanticismHis use of uncontrolled rhythms to create drama set his music apartA prolific composer, Beethoven was increasingly afflicted by deafnessHis famous Ninth Symphony was composed when he was totally deaf
25HECTOR BERLIOZ French Composer, 1803-1869 Considered a musical genius, Berlioz composed in the Romantic styleIronically never achieved the notoriety in his native France that he did in Germany, Russia and Britain
26HECTOR BERLIOZ Berlioz was one of the creators of “program music” This was an attempt to use moods & sound effects to depict a storyHis most famous was, “Symphonie Fantastique,” a story of an intense love affair that included a fifth movement in which musically he creates an opium-induced nightmare of a witches gathering