11 What is Safety? Safety is prevention of accidents which results personal injury and property damage.
12 Accident is an unplanned, unforeseen, undesired, non-value added, interrupting activity which may or may not result in personal injury / property damages. DEFINITION FOR ACCIDENT
13 Minor accident Major accident Dangerous occurrence Categories of Accidents
14 Minor accident There is injury or illness to operator Immediate medical attention Required With or without loss to property, where the operator returns to duty immediately.
15 Major accident It includes death, loss of limb may have loss of property or production., where the operator takes leave beyond 48 hours
16 Dangerous occurrence which do not cause death or injury but loss to property or production to a huge extent (e.g.., Bursting of boilers, Collapse of buildings ) Except the minor accidents others must be reported to the relevant Govt. Authorities like Factory Inspector / Local authority.
17 Pain / loss of part of body which can’t be shared Loss of Pay and medical expenses Loss of experience and knowledge Strain to family and others Effects of Accidents Operator Level
18 Effects of Accidents Factory Manager Level Inspectorate of Factories ESI / PF / Insurance Authorities Chief Explosives Officer Police / Fire department Collector / Panchayat
88 Prohibition Signs Do not drink. Do not extinguish with water. Do not Touch. No Entry for Unauthorized Persons No Naked Flame Do Not Walk (No entry for pedestrians)
89 Must wear safety boots Ear Protection must be worn Eye Protection must be worn Face Protection must be worn General mandatory sign. to be accompanied by another sign Pedestrians must use this route Mandatory Signs
90 Respiratory mask must be worn Safety Gloves must be worn Safety harness must be worn Safety helmets must be worn Safety overalls must be worn Mandatory Signs
91 Biological risk Corrosive Materials Danger: Electricity Drop Explosive Materials Flammable Materials or High Temperature General Danger Harmful or Irritant Materials Industrial Vehicle Warning Signs
92 Laser Beam Low Temperature Strong Magnetic Field Non-ionising Radiation ObstaclesOverhead Load Toxic Material Oxidant Materials Radioactive Materials Warning Signs
93 Emergency Fire Telephone Fire Extinguisher Fire Hose Reel Ladder This way signs for Fire Oxidant Materials Fire Signs
94 Emergency Exit Route Signs First AidEmergency Phone for first aid or escape Eye WashStretcher Safety Shower Fire Signs