Presentation on theme: "Drafting, Cleaning, and Seasoning Your CARP Writing the Rough Draft."— Presentation transcript:
Drafting, Cleaning, and Seasoning Your CARP Writing the Rough Draft
Rough Draft Format MLA format: Size 12 Times New Roman Double-spaced 1” margins MLA Title Page (see CARP Packet) Last name page number in upper right-hand corner (but NOT on title page). This should be in the header. MLA heading on p. 1 Title of paper centered on p. 1, NOT underlined or bolded or italicized Works Cited page numbering continues from rest of paper Example of MLA-formatted paper Example of MLA-formatted paper
In-Text Citations Your in-text citations should align with the first item in each citation on the Works Cited Page. For example… Ansen, David. "Hitchcock's Greatest Reborn." Newsweek. 20 Oct 1996: n. page. Web. 26 Feb (Ansen 5) "Vertigo." IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc., n.d. Web. 26 Feb (“Vertigo” par. 5) This citation indicates a title (in quotes), just as it appears on the Works Cited Page. This source does not have an author, so we use the title for the in-text citation.
In-Text Citations When writing your paper, you must cite every piece of research—paraphrases and quotes. It is better to over-cite than under-cite. Cite anything that is not your own information/idea. Try to use variety in how you introduce and cite your information: For instance, Newsweek author David Ansen explains that Vertigo’s impact went beyond its on-screen drama; it introduced lasting themes that have since been replicated in the film industry and beyond (par. 5). Note: This source did not have page numbers, so I used a paragraph citation. Note: The period is placed after the parenthetical citation. Note: I cited this even though it is a paraphrase—because it is still research information, not my own idea. Note: I included only the paragraph in the citation because I named the author prior to the fact/evidence. This can be achieved the same way with a title if there is no author.
In-Text Citations Another approach: Vertigo may have been considered racy at the time, but Hitchcock’s genius prevailed in the film’s “indelible metaphor for the objectification of desire” (Ansen par. 5). Note: I cited the author’s last name in the citation this time because I did NOT mention his name prior to the quote. Note: The period is AFTER the citation. Note: Here, I blended a paraphrase and a quote. I still cited the material. Cite all research—paraphrases, direct quotes, and blendings of the two. Anything that is not your own words MUST be in quotation marks!
In-Text Citations: Indirect Sources What if you are citing a direct quote, but the source’s author is not the person who said the quote? Here’s what you do: Jim Jones, an esteemed movie critic, deemed Vertigo a “masterpiece of unprecedented thematic import” (qtd. in Ansen 5). For more examples, see the OWL at Purdue.see the OWL at Purdue.
Writing the Paper: Finding a Balance Let your sources speak… You can’t just make claims; you have to support your claims with the research. Use numerous sources in order to fully prove your thesis. Each piece of evidence should move your paper one step forward in proving your argument. When using a full-length direct quote (a complete idea), attribute the information to the speaker. According to Ansen,… Ansen makes a startling claim… For instance, Ansen argues,… Long direct quotes (four lines or more) should be indented (.5” left). This is called a block quote. Block quotes do NOT use quotation marks. See example at OWL at Purdue.See example at OWL at Purdue Please do NOT use epigraph quotes. All quotes should be smoothly integrated into the text of the paper. …without shoving you aside. Your paper should be a balance of fact and commentary—of research and your explanation of the research. Your words come through as you explain how the evidence proves the point. Don’t just expect your reader to understand the point; build the link for your reader.
Writing the Paper: Cohesion Transitions Your paragraphs should be ordered in a logical way. They should not be randomly organized. They should instead be an inevitable series of interlocking arguments that build to a convincing point. The junctions between paragraphs need to demonstrate links. This can be done by using transitional words and/or phrases. See this list of transitions.See this list of transitions. This can also be achieved by demonstrating the link at the end of one paragraph and the beginning of the next. Metadiscourse: transitions and signal phrases (RG Chapter 7) Between sections: connect points to ones made in previous paragraphs with transitions and signal words. Within sections: subtly show the relationships among ideas. (similar, equal, likewise, moreover, additionally, etc.)
Writing the Paper: The Introduction A college-level paper does not rely on cutesy rhetorical questions and “Imagine if” statements to draw in the reader. Your paper should open with something captivating, and compelling, but also professional. After hooking the reader, be sure to provide necessary contextual information. What does the reader need to know about my topic in order to understand my thesis and overall argument? Are there any key terms I need to define? Is some biographical information necessary? Lead naturally to your thesis statement, which should be near the end of your introductory paragraph.
Reminders Stay in third person! No I, me, you, our, we, etc. Numbers between one and ninety-nine are written out; 100 and up, use #s If you’re using which correctly, it should be preceded by a comma. (She subdued the peasants’ rebellion, which had threatened her power.) Officeholders’ titles are only capitalized when used as part of their name. (President Bush won the 2004 presidential election. The president attended a meeting this morning). Avoid: Generalizations and vagueness (things, a lot, kind of, very, the people) Using so as an “infinite modifier” (MLK was so eloquent.) Clichéd transitions: “firstly”, “secondly”, any form of “conclude” Absolutes (always/never) and fawning (“flawless”, “impeccable”, “perfect” Apostrophe errors. You should know how to properly punctuate possessives, so errors in this category will prove catastrophic to your grade. Typos of any kind. Spell- and grammar-check your paper! Even though this is a rough draft, you are expected to edit and revise your work. You will be turning this in for a score out of 50 WHOPPING points!
Closing Notes Please refer to your CARP packet for the rough draft rubric. You will peer edit your rough draft on Monday, March 10. (Please bring a full-length, accurate, printed rough draft that day). You will turn in the peer-edited rough draft and an updated version on Tuesday, March 11. This will be for a 50-point grade. If you have any questions, use your resources first; then come ask. Your Works Cited page and in-text citations need to be PERFECT in the rough draft. If there is a source in your paper that is NOT on the Works Cited page, you are going to be a sorry soul. If there is a source on the Works Cited page that is NOT cited in the paper, you are going to be a sorry soul. If you do not use five sources, one of which is a true scholarly article, you are going to be a sorry soul.