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Jolfa From : Barfin Zomorody I wish you enjoy and learn things about jolfa.

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Presentation on theme: "Jolfa From : Barfin Zomorody I wish you enjoy and learn things about jolfa."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jolfa From : Barfin Zomorody I wish you enjoy and learn things about jolfa.

2 Jolfa Where is jolfa located? Jolfa is located to the north of Tabriz, separated by the Aras River from its northern neighbor and namesake, the town of Julfa in the Republic of AzerbaijanThe country has three cities: Jolfa, Hadishahr, and Siah Rud.TabrizAras RiverJulfaAzerbaijanJolfa HadishahrSiah Rud Jolfa is a small town located North of Tabriz, in East Azarbaijan province, Iran. It is home to approximately 56,000 people living on 35 kilometers of urban and rural areas. The literacy rate is very high Some 18.000 students study in the regional schools and 450 students attend the universities from all over the country. The employed population of the city work in service, administrative, transport, customs, banks and insurance as well as in other trade and urban activities. The majority of the rural population are farmers.

3 Geography Jolfa is located in north-west Iran. It is located on bank of the Aras river. The Aras river forms the natural border of Iran with the Azerbaijan Republic, Armenia and Nakhjavan. The Jolfa is located between two of most beautiful protected areas of Iran, namely Kiamaki and Arasbaran. It is about 137 kilometers from Tabriz, the industrial hub of north-west Iran and Iran's second city.

4 Climate AFZ is located in semi dry and semi cold North-West part of Iran. Annual rain fall is about 225 t 400 milliliters per year and average temperature is about 15 degree Celsius. In Jolfa, about 50 days per year are considered as cold days. The AFZ is in very close approximately of high mountains which have cold climate. Major facilities Facilities include railways and roads, electricity network, irrigation and water distribution network, gas distribution network, communication network, branches of all major banks and insurances, border terminals, customs warehouses, airport (Tabriz), government

5 Historical, Cultural and Tourism Axis of Jolfa Appointing Isfahan as the capital of Iran in 1000A.D, reconstruction and development of this city draw attention of Shah Abbas. Expansion of Isfahan at that time caused great importation of Armenian people from city of Jolfa beside Aras River to Isfahan, therefore they created new Jolfa. This movement is one of the most important incidents of 250 years of the Safavid dynasty. Building lots of churches and well formed houses, made Jolfa as a valuable and historical districts of Isfahan. Nowadays existing old houses and magnificent churches reminds glory of this beautiful and important space.

6 Aras River, Armenian Araks, Persian Rud-e Aras, Turkish Aras Nehri, Greek Araxes, river rising south of Erzurum in the Bingöl Dağları (mountains) of Turkey; it flows eastward, forming for approximately 275 miles (440 km) the international boundary between Armenia and Azerbaijan on the north and Turkey and Iran on the south. Below the eastern boundary of Armenia, the stream emerges into a broad valley and then crosses the Muğan Steppe. After a course of about 665 miles (1,070 km), the Aras joins the Kura (Kür) River in Azerbaijan 75 miles (121 km) from its mouth on the Caspian Sea. Since a flood in 1897, a separate distributary of the Aras (canalized since 1909) has emptied directly into the Caspian.Kura (Kür) RiverCaspian Sea

7 The St. Stepanos Monastery is an Armenian monastery about 15 km northwest of Jolfa city, East Azarbaijan Province northeast Iran. It is situated in a deep canyon along the Aras river on the Iranian side of the border between Azerbaijan and Iran. It was built in the 9th century and rebuilt in the Safavid are after several earthquakes damaged it.ArmenianJolfaEast Azarbaijan ProvinceIranAras river Safavid

8 History Traditionally, the king of Armenia, Tigranes I, was said to have be the founder of Jugha. [3] Existing as a village in the early Middle Ages, it grew into a town between the 10th and 13th centuries, with a population that was almost entirely Armenian. [4] For a time, Jugha was one of the most important settlements in medieval Armenia. [5][6] It became prosperous during the 15th to the 17th centuries due to the role its Armenian merchants played in international trade: the caravans of those merchants travelled the ancient trade routes from Persia, India, South- East Asia and the Middle East, to Russia, the Mediterranean, and North-West Europe. [7]ArmeniaTigranes I [3]Middle Ages Armenian [4] [5][6]PersiaIndiaSouth- East AsiaMiddle EastRussiaMediterraneanNorth-West Europe [7]

9 In 1603, Shah Abbas I of Persia retook Jugha from the Ottoman Empire and was seen as a liberator by its Armenian population. By 1605, however, Abbas had realized that he was unable to defend the territory along the Aras River from incursions by the Ottomans. His solution was to evacuate the region, undertaking a scorched earth policy to prevent its wealth and population falling into Ottoman hands. In October 1605, the Shah issued an edict declaring that the entire population of Jugha must leave their homes [8] and move deep into the Persian Empire.Abbas I of PersiaOttoman EmpireAras Riverscorched earth policy [8]Persian Empire

10 About three thousand families were deported from Julfa, and many drowned while attempting to cross the Aras. After the deportation was completed, the town was destroyed by fire to prevent the inhabitants from returning. [7] The deportees were taken to an area near Esfahan in Persia (now Iran), where a new town, New Julfa, was established. New Julfa is now a district of Esfahan, and still contains a small Armenian population [7]EsfahanIranNew Julfa

11 Ilandagh is also called “Inandag”. Accor­ding to an ancient Shumer legend, Noah’s ark hit a summit and was swayed by it. Noah said at the moment: “Believe me, this is a mountain.” Hence the name. Sub­sequently the word “Inan” transformed into “Ilandagh”. Most historical monu­ments in Julfa are located along the Aras. One of them is the Gulustan village

12 Daridagh mineral water deposit There are about 40 mineral water depo­sits in Jolfa. One of them is at the foot of Daridagh. It gives 500,000 liters of mine­ral water a day. It consists of five springs and 32 exploration wells. For its make-up, the water is similar to Kudova (Po­land), La Bourboule (France), Durkheim (Germany), Sinegorsk (Sakhalin). For its mineral content, the Daridagh water is even better. Its temperature is 53-57ºC.

13 Population:56,000 students that study in reaginol schools:18,000 students that go university in other country: 450 area: 35km A.D means after christ There is a Jolfa in Azerbaijan and Iran it is separateded from aras river.

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