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9-1 Project Scheduling: Networks, Duration Estimation, and Critical Path Chapter 9 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.

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Presentation on theme: "9-1 Project Scheduling: Networks, Duration Estimation, and Critical Path Chapter 9 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall."— Presentation transcript:

1 9-1 Project Scheduling: Networks, Duration Estimation, and Critical Path Chapter 9 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

2 9-2 Project Scheduling Terms Successors Predecessors Network diagram Serial activities Concurrent activities E D C B A F Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

3 9-3 Project Scheduling Terms E D C B A F Merge activities Burst activities Node Path Critical Path Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

4 9-4 Network Diagrams Show interdependence Facilitate communication Help schedule resources Identify critical activities Determine project completion Show start & finish dates Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

5 9-5 AOA Vs. AON The same mini-project is shown with activities on arc… C E D B F E C D B F …and activities on node. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

6 9-6 Node Labels Early Start Activity Float Activity Descriptor Late Start ID Number Activity Duration Late Finish Early Finish Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

7 9-7 Duration Estimation Methods Past experience Expert opinion Mathematical derivation – Beta distribution –Most likely (m) –Most pessimistic (b) –Most optimistic (a) Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

8 9-8 TaskPredecessorabc Z YZ XZ WY, X VW1413 TW61014 ST, V Sketch the network described in the table. 2.Determine the expected duration and variance of each activity. Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

9 9-9 Constructing the Critical Path Forward pass – an additive move through the network from start to finish Backward pass – a subtractive move through the network from finish to start Critical path – the longest path from end to end which determines the shortest project length Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

10 9-10 Rules for Forward/Backward Pass Forward Pass Rules (ES & EF) –ES + Duration = EF –EF of predecessor = ES of successor –Largest preceding EF at a merge point becomes EF for successor Backward Pass Rules (LS & LF) –LF – Duration = LS –LS of successor = LF of predecessor –Smallest succeeding LS at a burst point becomes LF for predecessor Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

11 9-11 TaskPredecessorTime A--4 BA9 CA11 DB5 EB3 FC7 GD, F3 HE, G2 KH1 1.Sketch the network described in the table. 2.Determine the ES, LS, EF, LF, and slack of each activity Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

12 9-12 Laddering Activities Project ABC can be completed more efficiently if subtasks are used A(3)B(6)C(9) ABC=18 days Laddered ABC=12 days A 1 (1)A 2 (1)A 3 (1) B 1 (2)B 2 (2)B 3 (2) C 1 (3)C 2 (3)C 3 (3) Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

13 9-13 Hammock Activities Used as summaries for subsets of activities 0 A B C Hammock Useful with a complex project or one that has a shared budget Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

14 9-14 Reducing the Critical Path Eliminate tasks on the CP Convert serial paths to parallel when possible Overlap sequential tasks Shorten the duration on critical path tasks Shorten –early tasks –longest tasks –easiest tasks –tasks that cost the least to speed up Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall

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