Control of diseases ‘à la source’ –Early detection –Early warning –Rapid response –Science-based approach / support to research –Coordination –Communication TRANSBOUNDARY ANIMAL DISEASES
AGAH – Servicio de Sanidad Animal (IDG) 2005-2007 Fiebre Aftosa, Peste Porcina Clásica, Peste Porcina Africana, Peste Bovina, Fiebre del Valle de Rift, Peste de los Pequeños Rumiantes, Newcastle, Brucelosis,... IAAP Informática y Sistemas, producción de vacunas, equipo de diagnóstico, producción y salud/prevención, talleres, pasantías, desarrollo de estrategias, planes de contingencia, revisión de leyes y reglamentos, análisis de riesgo,...
Université Libre de Bruxelles Belgium France USA Animal Health Service EMPRES AGAPAGAL FAO Collaborators: Asian Focus New Zealand Australia The Royal Veterinary College UK Việt Nam Department of Animal Health Thailand Department of Livestock Development PR China Ministry of Agriculture + Regional Office
Environment and Health Veterinary Public Health TADs/EMPRES AGAL Information, Policies and Legislation AGAL Information, Policies and Legislation AGAP Animal Production and Genetic Resources AGAP Animal Production and Genetic Resources Animal Health Service
Foot-and-mouth Disease, Classical Swine Fever, African Swine Fever, Rinderpest, PPR, Newcastle, Brucellosis, Rift Valley Fever, HPAI... Information systems, vaccine production, diagnostic equipment, health and production, legislation, workshops, study tours, strategy development, contingency planning, legislation reviews, risk analysis,... Animal Health Service 2007-2009
Early 1980s Early 1990s 2001 2009 RINDERPEST Signs: Fever Discharges: nose, eyes Diarrhoea/dysentery Ulcers in mouth Death (can exceed 90 %) Signs: Fever Discharges: nose, eyes Diarrhoea/dysentery Ulcers in mouth Death (can exceed 90 %) GREP PROGRESS
Stages 0-3 = infected countries/zones Risk not controlled Continuous FMDV circulation Critical risk points identified, strategy being developed Critical points addressed incidence Approaching freedom Outbreaks < once / year Officially free with vaccination No circulation / containment zones only 0 1 2 3 4 Officially free without vaccination No circulation / containment zones only 5 FAO Progressive Control Pathway - risk reduction approach (under development) not a top down prescribed approach: but each MS encouraged to develop national risk reduction strategies that are supportive to the regional effort Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD)
Infected areas Infected countries 2006: H5 Avian Influenza events and outbreaks
2009: H5 Avian Influenza events and outbreaks Infected areas Infected countries Republic
ECTAD: joint venture FAO Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Division OPERATIONAL ECTAD FAO Animal Production and Health Division TECHNICAL
ECTAD: since 2004 Activities since 2004 focus on Design and implementation of strategies and programmes for the Prevention, Detection and Control of H5N1 HPAI Results – HPAI situation Much improved since 2005-06 Entrenched in some countries
GLEWS: Global Early Warning and Response System
GLEWS@fao.org forward local information on possible TAD events (... even newspaper clippings). Information is extracted and verification carried out through other channels. The originator of the information is protected. EMPRES-Shipping-Service@fao.org – submission of samples for confirmation or agent characterization to OIE or FAO reference laboratories.
Beyond HPAI: FAO’s strengthened programme (2010-2015) Goal to redress diseases emergence at animal-human-agro-ecosystem interface with the aim to protect public health, safeguard food, agriculture production and natural resources management
Outcome 1: Diseases emergency prevention and control Output 1 – Early Warning Output 2 – Early Detection Output 3 – Early Response Beyond HPAI: FAO’s strengthened programme (2010-2015) Outcome 2: Diseases emergence prevented and controlled Output 1 – Diseases impact analysis Output 2 – Understanding drivers Output 3 – Concerted actions to prevent and control diseases emergence