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SA Rhino Poaching Incidents 2000 – 2010 (August) Jan – August 2010 391 R 136,850,000 R 65,100,000 290 R 101,500,000.

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Presentation on theme: "SA Rhino Poaching Incidents 2000 – 2010 (August) Jan – August 2010 391 R 136,850,000 R 65,100,000 290 R 101,500,000."— Presentation transcript:

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2 SA Rhino Poaching Incidents 2000 – 2010 (August) Jan – August R 136,850,000 R 65,100, R 101,500,000

3 Northern Cape Western Cape Eastern Cape Free State North West Limpopo Mpumalanga Kwazulu Natal GP KNP Rhino Poaching Incidents : South Africa Jan – August 2010 Illegally Hunted =(186) : Arrests = (62)

4 KNP Rhino Poaching Incidents 2000 – 2010 (August) KNP Sections Jan – Aug / 22 R 27,650, R 43,400,000

5 Rhino Poaching Incidents : KNP Jan – August 2010 Illegally Hunted =(79) : Arrests = (32)

6 Rhino Poaching Incidents: South Africa : Jan – Aug 2010

7 1 Protected Area /Private Land - Poaching Individual / Groups (Park and Farm Management) 4 International Couriers / Buyers / Exporter (NWCRU) 3 National – Couriers / Buyers / Exporter (NWCRU) 2 Local – Poaching Groups / Couriers / Buyers (NWCRU, Park and Farm Management) Rhino Horn Conduits - Organized Crime Levels of Threat 5 International Consumer Buyer (NWCRU) Conduit NWCRU Provincial Teams NWCRU National Team NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

8 Rhino Poaching Arrests: South Africa : Jan – Aug 2010 (62) Poaching LevelKNPGPMPECLPNWFSKZNWCNCSA TotalsLevel Description Level Poacher Level Poacher/Coordinator Level Syndicate/National Level Syndicate/Regional Level Syndicate/Driver Total Arrests NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

9 Incident Levels of Threat Illegal Hunting Illegal Possession / TradingCorruption / Racketeering InterpolProvincial NWCRUNational NWCRU Investigation Process LocalParkNationalInternationalConsumer Investigation Complexity NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

10 Threat Levels NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE NWCRU Investigations National Provincial Parks Provincial SAPS OCU Designated Prosecutors Provincial Private Landowners Private Security EMI / APU DEA EMI NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION

11 NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE NWCRU Investigations National Provincial Designated Senior Prosecutor National SAPS OCU Specialist Support Asset Forfeiture SARS Threat Levels INTERPOL NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION DEA EMI

12 NWCRU Investigations National Provincial Parks Designated Senior Prosecutor National Provincial SAPS OCU Designated Prosecutors Provincial National SAPS OCU Specialist Support Asset Forfeiture Private Landowners Private Security EMI / APU DEA EMI SARS Threat Levels INTERPOL NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE DEA EMI

13 Parks Law Enforcement Prosecuting Authority Private Landowners Local Authorities NWCRU Investigators National Threat Levels INTERPOL Wildlife Investigations International Authority NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

14 Implementing an immediate action plan aimed at mitigating the current escalation; Securing the shared commitment of government (at national and provincial level), private land owners local communities and international stakeholders; Supporting a national coordination structure for information management, law- enforcement response, investigation and prosecution; Developing an integrated national information management system for all information; Investigating proactive security measures aimed at facilitating regulated and controlled international trade in the species, and any associated by-products. Objectives National Policy / Strategy: Rhino Poaching NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

15 Focus - policy is on safety and security; Recognize - marked escalation in the threat to the security of rhino; Accept - resourcing of the initiatives & backed by political will is paramount; Accept - positive interaction and relationships with all stakeholders facilitates effective and efficient information exchange; Support - development of an environmental crime investigation unit; Support - national crime investigation and information management mechanism; Accept - highly motivated, well trained, resourced and equipped personnel, are the single most important factor ensuring the success; Principle Statements National Policy / Strategy: Rhino Poaching NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

16 Accept - research data is currently not adequate; Adhere - to accepted and lawful criminal investigation procedures; Recognise - need for Research and Development of new investigation techniques; Recognise - monitoring and evaluation systems are essential; Accept - understanding of the end-user demand is required; Adopt - relationship with all recognized NGO stakeholder groups; Principle Statements continued NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

17 Immediate action plan; Shared commitment; Resources; Political will; National coordination structure- Investigation & prosecution; National information management system; Proactive security measures aimed at facilitating regulated and controlled international trade; Proposed Intervention strategies and/or activities Implementing an immediate action plan aimed at mitigating the current threat, to the rhino population, posed by the escalation in poaching and the illegal trade in rhino horns and associated by- products; Policy Outcome 1 Actions NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

18 Interim National Wildlife Crime Reaction Unit (NWCRU); Evolve into a permanent NWCRU structure; Support from all stakeholders; Secondment of officials; Joint operations; Inter-departmental analysis; Risk and threat assessment; Information sharing; Common understanding of best practices; Interim minimum standards; Community-based security and policing initiatives; Budget and skilled manpower; Monitoring mechanisms; Coordinated conservation initiatives and sensitise private sector to training; Actions continued …. NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

19 Securing the shared commitment of government (at national and provincial level), private land owners’ local communities and international stakeholders, as well as the necessary financial and manpower resources and political will to implement this policy; Political commitment and mandate; Identify relevant role-players/stakeholders; Stakeholder participation and commitment; Communication structure with all stakeholders; Information sharing; Adequate budget; Additional financial resources; Lobby support and acceptance; Policy Outcome 2 Actions NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

20 Supporting the establishment of a national coordination structure for information management, law-enforcement response, investigation and prosecution; National Wildlife Crime Reaction Unit; Implementation plan; Memorandums of Understanding (MOU’s) with stakeholders; Development of protocols and monitoring tools; Sharing of best practices; Minimum standards and specifications for enhancing compliance; Specialised environmental courts; Adequate human capital at the government and private sector level; Policy Outcome 3 Actions NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

21 National database; Information sharing mechanisms; Applied scientific research ; National permit system for all CITES permits; Inter-departmental analysis of all available information; Developing an integrated and coordinated national information management system for all information related to rhino species in order to adequately inform security related decisions; Policy Outcome 4 Actions NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE

22 Comparative technical study on current international projects and research; Support all international initiatives; Support Regional initiatives; Support optimal demographic and genetic management of rhino populations; Support Biodiversity Management Plan for species; Monitoring; Impact of agreements, legislation and policies not related to NEMA; Research & Development of new investigation techniques; Investigating proactive security related measures aimed at possibly facilitating a better understanding for any possible future regulated and controlled international trade in the species, and any associated by-products; Policy Outcome 5 Actions NATIONAL WILDLIFE CRIME REACTION INITIATIVE


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