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Innovations for Next Generation Learning Assoc Prof Daniel Tan Centre for Educational Development e:

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1 Innovations for Next Generation Learning Assoc Prof Daniel Tan Centre for Educational Development e:

2 Era and People Traditionalists: born prior to 1946 (>62) –Brand and retail store loyal, gone through the depression and war Baby Boomers: born 1946-64 (43 - 61) –Reminded to eat the plate clean. Into home and kitchens upgrade; enjoys gourmet food Generation X: born 1965-81 (26 - 42) –Likes to be educated and informed; no major enduring hard economical times Net-Geners/Millenials: born 1982-2000 (7 -25) –Live, breath, shop, link up on the web. Well informed.

3 Things Students Used …

4 Internet Use by Age 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2-56-89-1212-1516-1819-2425-3536-4546-5556-6565+ Age 20002002

5  One changes yearly The other changes and/or accumulate Only constant …..

6 Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system was designed to teach. »Marc Prensky »Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants I do not believe that you can do today’s job with yesterday’s methods and be in business tomorrow. »Nelson Jackson

7 provided easier access to information and improved the ability to communicate a need to move from teacher led instruction to project-based, student- centered, self-directed learning Technology has ….. resulting in

8 Trial and error is the key learning strategy (games logic) They are used to bits & bytes and technology They want their (digital immigrant) parents involved There is zero tolerance for delays They value feedback Believe it’s cool to be smart Gravitate to group activity and team work They want structures, rules and authority They prefer experiential activities Learning Characteristics

9 0 20 40 10 30 Percentage 60 Age vs Learning Preferences ―Dziuban, 2004 Mature 63% Boomer 55% Gen X 38% Net Gen 26% Students who were very satisfied with Web-based learning by generation

10 0 20 40 10 30 Percentage 60 Mature Boomer Gen X Net Gen Question: why the inversion? Expectations!

11 Very Good Resource

12 Global Competition

13 ICT flattens the world

14 Global University Rankings

15 Back on campus at NTU ….. Our Response ….. To ensure our graduates are competent knowledge workers who will effectively contribute to the digital economy

16 depicts learning as an adventure to explore new frontiers of knowledge and that our NTU students are adventurous, creative and techno-savvy e: electronic, everything! ed: education edveNTUre: our university ’ s name “ NTU ” is embedded edveNTUre Date of Birth: 17 May 2000

17 edveNTUre: eLearning Eco-System 探险电子学习系统

18 Content Creation and Delivery Features of edveNTUre Community Learning Online Assessment


20 Leaps of growth … Jul 00 (Phase I: Mass buy-in, Efficient Learning) –870 (51%) courses on-line, 20,000 users –30,000 – 80,000 page views daily –Saturation levels for adoption number of courses, instructors and students –Critical mass buy-in and adoption Jul 02 (Phase II: HumaniZing eLearning) –1,349 (80%) courses on-line, 22,000 users –100,000 – 300,000 page views daily –Change of content type - Content+ Jul 04 (Phase III: Effective Learning) –2,900 (>90%) courses on-line, 24,000 users –300,000 to 600,000 page views daily –Content management system and use of reusable learning objects Jul 06 (Phase IV: eLearning 2.0) –Engaged and interactive learning –Read/write web –Collaboration –Learning by discovery: Project Work

21 Phase I was about …. chnologyTe

22 Learning by doing The learning pyramid Average retention capacity 5% 10% 20% 30% 50% 75% 80%ParticipantRole(active) (passive) ReadingReading AudiovisualAudiovisual DemonstrationDemonstration Discussion Group PracticePractice Teaching others PresentationPresentation Education with presentation approach Education with Constructivist approach

23 humaniZing eLearning Phase II focuses on

24 process: HumaniZing eLearning Video-based PowerPoint presentation and live lecture recordings Synchronous Communication & Collaboration Tools


26 preseNTUr for self-paced learning

27 Content Creation & Distribution Process IDM AcuStream AcuManager uploaded content 1 Professors 4 hyperlink posted 2 replication 3 Email Notification with hyperlink AcuStream

28 Content Access Process 1 IDM 2000 AcuManager 2 3 student clicks on hyperlink – optimum performance redirection AcuStream 4

29 LT Recordings Statistics Total Usage School Usage only AY2005/06AY2006/07 Sem ISem II Sem I eLW I Sem II eLW II Viewing TimeHitsDurationHitsDurationHitsDurationHitsDuration Total130,850194,144,081149,888206,495,629585,738514,814,138737,359741,166,639 Hours 53,929 57,360 143,004 205,880 Days2,2472,3905,9588,578 Years6.316.7116.7424.10 Years for AY 13.0340.83 Total Courses5457135104 No. of lecture hours (x26) 1,404 1,4823,5102,704 Rate of re-use:38.41 38.70 40.74 76.14 s/hit1483.71377.7878.91005.2 m/hit24.723.014.616.8

30 Web conferencing - AcuConference

31 Online Discussion Groups & Forums

32 process: expanding and extending edveNTUre Plagiarism Detection Content System ePortfolios Project Work Management

33 Plagiarism Detection Challenge in digital age Level playing field Code of Honour

34 Safe Assignment

35 SafeAssignment Results

36 ePortfolio of … medals, recognition, achievements, experiences, social contribution, discoveries, adventures …

37 Electronic portfolios


39 aNTUna mLearning: GoBinder Anytime, anywhere eLearning for students An extension of content delivery


41 ed torium Staff Orientation Seminar Info Sharing on eLearning edveNTUre Survival Training Lunch & Learn

42 edUtorium Programme Seminars Information Sharing Workshops Lunch-and-Learn Clinical sessions NEWseum

43 edUtorium programme YearEventsAttendees 2002441080 20031291438 20041321572 20051452027 20061681978 Total 6188095

44 e reka for project work management to capture the process of ideas, discoveries, learning and knowledge sharing Form of a specialized ePortfolio U

45 1. Introduction Next steps for eLearning Knowledge Transfer Knowledge Creation

46 Online Project Work Management System Use eUreka to document, monitor and share ideas, resources and reflections in your project work learning journeys………

47 Announcements provide news and updates on the selected project Online Project Work Management System

48 Features in ‘Activities’ tab include milestones, activities, tasks and Gantt Chart…….. Online Project Work Management System Gantt Chart gives the graphical representation of the work flow process for the milestones and tasks. The list of milestones, phases and tasks created for the work flow process

49 Project Files – a repository for documentation of project work flow Online Project Work Management System

50 Discussion Board – online forums on issues revolving the project Online Project Work Management System

51 Contact details of the members of the project and the supervisors will provide useful information in updating and monitoring the progress for the project duration and work scope. Online Project Work Management System

52 Weblogs – online journal to document reflections and learning experiences in the project duration…. Online Project Work Management System

53 Assessment – Project Supervisor can evaluate the students on the project progress and work performance

54 Outcomes

55 eLearning survey results: Oct 2003 n=2912 Overall I am satisfied with the eLearning system 87% of users are satisfied with the system

56 n=2912 I look forward to using it again in future semesters 86% look forward to using it in future semesters eLearning survey results: Oct 2003

57 Generation of Questions Asked in Discussion Groups G1 – Questions pertaining to content G2 – Questions beyond the content

58 eAssessment Post-lecture self tests –Timely self-feedback opportunity for students –Open online forum item for student peers and/or teachers –Teaching discussion point and lecture review –Monitoring of student performance with remedial and preventive response

59 Effectiveness No of Students Performance Distribution -- Traditional -- eLearning

60 Effectiveness – the mature model α - more students doing better (peak-to-peak) β - better mean student performance ∂ - higher performance ρ -lower failure rates No of Students Performance Distribution α β ρ ∂

61 Unique in Education with many other professions Education do not guarantee their products…. No of Students Performance Distribution

62 If we can engineer the outcome, what can we do? No of Students Performance Distribution

63 The best way to predict the future is to invent it. Alan Kay

64 Sigma Model: Teach less, Learn more Effective learning tripartite practice module of –Recorded lecture Review, re-learn, re-check –Discussion/forum/virtual tutorial Ask questions, learn from peers –Assessment Know where your real understanding is

65 Lessons Learnt in the Road to Technological Adoption in Education Appropriate for its use –less can be more Scaleable –minimize disruption and impediment Accessible –minimize digital, technological and social divide Add value to the learning objectives and improve student understanding of subject matter –Key reason for initiative Prepare students for the next stage of their lives/career/learning –Life–long skills and competencies –Employability, building/extending on prior knowledge/ experience Satisfaction of students and teachers –Sustainability –80:20 rule load

66 Awards, Achievements and Recognition SiTF eLearning Organization of the Year 2007 ZDNet Asia Smart50 Award 2006 CIO 100 Honouree 2006 National Health Group Distinguished Contributor Award 2005 EMC Best Practice Award 2004 for eLearning Services CIO 100 Honouree 2004 Intelligent20 Award 2003 MoA With Blackboard for the establishment of the Certified Education Centre eLearning Centre of Excellence by Sun Microsystems

67 Students who ask better questions, are independent learners, deep thinkers and ethical leaders of the future

68 Assoc Prof Daniel Tan e:

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