Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic and Social Development Dr. Robert Kozma | April 2011 | Montevideo Uruguay A UNESCO Workshop.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic and Social Development Dr. Robert Kozma | April 2011 | Montevideo Uruguay A UNESCO Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic and Social Development Dr. Robert Kozma | April 2011 | Montevideo Uruguay A UNESCO Workshop

2 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA The Rhetoric for ICT in Education Many countries justify the use of ICT in schools by saying it will help create an information economy or knowledge society: Tech/NA, Namibias education ICT initiative, states that Arising from the overall capacity building investments, Namibia will be transformed into a knowledge-based society. Jordans ICT-based reform effort was to make the education sector responsive to employment market demands in key industries and develop critical Knowledge Economy skills at all levels of the education system Rwandas ICT in Education Strategic Plan envisions that all Rwandans will reach their individual potential to become well-rounded critically thinking citizens of an innovative, knowledge-based economy. Singapores The third Masterplan continues the vision of the first and second Materplans to enrich and transform the learning environments of our students and equip them with the critical competencies and dispositions to succeed in a knowledge economy

3 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Away from a Manufacturing Economy Mass production Mass production Standardized products Standardized products Manual labor or rote cognitive tasks Manual labor or rote cognitive tasks Hierarchical command and control Hierarchical command and control Highly integrated organizations Highly integrated organizations ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA

4 Toward an Information Economy Services are the largest sector of 25 largest economies Services are the largest sector of 25 largest economies Information products and services shows the most growth Information products and services shows the most growth Innovation and new knowledge are a major engine of economic growth Innovation and new knowledge are a major engine of economic growth

5 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA and a Knowledge Society High level of education. High level of education. High penetration of ICT in the home. High penetration of ICT in the home. Large majorities of people use the internet for . Large majorities of people use the internet for . Large majorities use it as a primary information source Large majorities use it as a primary information source Large percentages of young people use it to connect with groups, create and share digital materials. Large percentages of young people use it to connect with groups, create and share digital materials.

6 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Transformed Business Practices Self-managed teams Self-managed teams Regular employee meetings Regular employee meetings Flexible work arrangements Flexible work arrangements Use of computers in front-line positions Use of computers in front-line positions

7 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Transformed Organizational Structures Organizational flattening Organizational flattening Decentralized decision making Decentralized decision making Disaggregation Disaggregation Out sourcing/off shoring Out sourcing/off shoring Cross-organizational collaboration Cross-organizational collaboration ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA

8 Transformed Jobs ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Less demand for manual skills and routine cognitive tasks Less demand for manual skills and routine cognitive tasks More demand for problem- solving, communications skills and team skills. More demand for problem- solving, communications skills and team skills. ICT substitutes for low-skilled workers, supplements high- skilled workers ICT substitutes for low-skilled workers, supplements high- skilled workers

9 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Transformations are Enabled by ICT To connect distributed teams of employees To connect distributed teams of employees To coordinate with partners and suppliers To coordinate with partners and suppliers To collect and share information To collect and share information To provide products and services to customers To provide products and services to customers

10 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Transformed Schools? Schools structured as enclosed groups and physical spaces Schools structured as enclosed groups and physical spaces Curriculum is in silos tied to disciplines Curriculum is in silos tied to disciplines Teacher lectures Teacher lectures Students study independently Students study independently Standardized exams test recall and application of simple procedures Standardized exams test recall and application of simple procedures Technology used as a supplement Technology used as a supplement

11 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Education Transformation ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Is the introduction of computers enough? What role can policy play? Not just ICT - - Teaching and Learning Teaching and Learning Curriculum and Assessment Curriculum and Assessment Social Structure Social Structure

12 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder Conceptual framework for policy planning Conceptual framework for policy planning Holistic: Holistic: – All components – Aligned changes Developmental and progressive: Developmental and progressive: – Addresses a range of current conditions. – Advances build on current resources and experiences Connected to economic and social development. Connected to economic and social development.

13 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA A Conceptual Framework: The Knowledge Ladder Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition Each model has different implications for: Policy Goals Teaching and Learning Curriculum and Assessment Social Structure ICT Use

14 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder: Policy Goals Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition Increase workforce participation improved health and welfare Create a highly knowledgeable citizenry that adds value to society Create a knowledge- driven economy and society Increase primary attendance Graduates who apply school learning to solve real world problems Graduates who are creative, innovative, lifelong learners Develop a manufacturing economy Increase secondary completion, improve test scores

15 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder: Teaching and Learning Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition Teachers with at minimum skills & subject knowledge Content & pedagogical expertise Communities of learners who build on each others knowledge Large student- teacher ratios, lecture Teachers as collaborators and model learners Teacher content knowledge & direct instruction Students doing individual seat work Collaborative teams working on complex real world projects

16 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder: Curriculum and Assessment Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition Focus is on basic literacy and numeracy Focus on deep understanding of key concepts and their application to solve real world problems Focus on innovativeness and the creation of knowledge products Assessed by standardized tests Assessed by complex, real world tasks Assessed by a community of users Focus on facts, simple principles, and computer applications applied to standard procedures Assessed by standardized tests

17 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder: Social Structure Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition Hierarchical structure Collaborative teaching and learning Anytime, anywhere, life-long learning Standardized delivery Breaking disciplinary and physical boundaries Self-sustaining, cross-age, cross-sector knowledge communities Hierarchical structure and accountability Little teacher or student autonomy

18 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Knowledge Ladder: ICT Use Basic Education Basic Education Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Deepening Knowledge Creation Knowledge Creation Knowledge Acquisition Knowledge Acquisition ICT for information delivery: radio, TV Simulations, multimedia to support understanding &the application of knowledge to solve problems Social environments, Wikis, and knowledge- building tools Little computing; little networking, potential for teacher training. Computers in classrooms; networks for collaboration Computers & digital devices everywhere; networks for community Drill and practice, tutorial software to support test performance Computers in labs; networks for management

19 ICT, EDUCATION REFORM, AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DR. ROBERT KOZMA Educational Transformation What kind of change needs to take place in education? What role can ICT play? Holistic Change A Lever for Change ICT alone will not transform education


Download ppt "ICT, Education Transformation, and Economic and Social Development Dr. Robert Kozma | April 2011 | Montevideo Uruguay A UNESCO Workshop."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google