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GOLD, OIL AND THE EURO A. G. Malliaris and Mary E. Malliaris Loyola University Chicago WEAI 83 rd Annual Conference The Sheraton Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii.

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Presentation on theme: "GOLD, OIL AND THE EURO A. G. Malliaris and Mary E. Malliaris Loyola University Chicago WEAI 83 rd Annual Conference The Sheraton Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii."— Presentation transcript:

1 GOLD, OIL AND THE EURO A. G. Malliaris and Mary E. Malliaris Loyola University Chicago WEAI 83 rd Annual Conference The Sheraton Waikiki, Honolulu, Hawaii June 29- July 3, 2008

2 Outline General Comments About Gold, Oil and the Euro These Markets Prior to the Creation of the Euro How are these Markets Related Since the Creation of the Euro

3 Gold As an Anchor of the Gold Standard As a Hedge Against Inflation As a Free Commodity Since mid-1971

4 Long-Term Gold Price

5 Oil Significant Commodity in Global Economy Its role today is somehow lesser than in early 70s but still important

6 Long-Term Oil Price

7 The Euro Start with the European Common Market in 1957 From a Customs Union to One Market One Market with One Currency

8 The Creation of the Euro

9 Daily Data since 1999

10 Hypotheses Do these 3 Markets follow Random Walks? Are they Co-integrated? Are there short- and long-term relationships?

11 Augmented Dickey-Fuller Tests of Stationarity The model is:

12 Price Level (LN(X)) Only LagsLags and Constant Lags, Constant, and Trend Gold No lags lags lags Oil No lags lags lags Euro No lags lags lags

13 First Price Differences (LN(X t ) - LN(X t-1 )) Only LagsLags and Constant Lags, Constant, and Trend Gold No lags lags lags Oil No lags lags lags Euro No lags lags lags

14 Engle and Granger Test of Cointegration of LN(Price) Dependent Variable (X) Independent Variable (Y) b0b0 t-stat GoldOil OilGold GoldEuro EuroGold OilEuro EuroOil

15 Error-Correction Model (ECM) for Testing for Long-Term and Short-Term Relationship The model is:

16 Results of Time Series Analysis Random Walks Confirmed Cointegration Confirmed Oil Prices are Driven by Gold and the Euro

17 From Time Series to Neural Network Dependent VariableReg. Top 5 VariablesNN Top 5 Variables Euro LEuroM1 LnGoldM1LGoldM1 LGoldM2 LEuroM3LOilM1 LEuroM4LOilM2 Oil LOilM1 LEuroM5LOilM2 LGoldM1 LEuroM3LGoldM2 LGoldM3LEuroM5 Gold LGoldM1 LOilM1 LOilM2 LEuroM2LGoldM2 LEuroM4

18 Conclusions From Old Independent Relationships To New Interrelated Relationships


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