3REGGAE ROOTS: MENTO Mento is a form of Jamaican folk music Mento songs tended to describe and made fun of local events and people, much like calypso in Trinidad and Tobago.Mento songs are accompanied by the banjo, guitar, percussion and string bass.Banjo plays fast, offbeat chords, while other instruments play their own syncopated rhythms.
4REGGAE ROOTS: SKASka was developed from Mento and emerged in the 1960s.Ska music is fast with off-beat rhythms.Ska music uses amplified and electric instruments. (guitar, keyboards, bass)Ska songs were about local issues.
5REGGAE ROOTS: ROCK STEADY Rock Steady came after Ska in the mid 1960s.It is slower than SkaRock Steady makes more use of bass riffs but still has the off-beat chords.The lyrics of Rock Steady songs are still concerned with social issues.
6REGGAE MUSICRock Steady gave way to the new sound of Reggae in the late 1960s.Reggae music is often in slow quadruple time with accents on the 2nd and 4th beats.Riffs played on bass guitar or keyboards.Harmonies are often limited to a few simple chords.
7A song written and performed by Three Little BirdsA song written and performed by
8Three Little Birds Sing Along ChorusDon’t worry, ‘bout a thing,Cause ev’ry little things, gonna be alrightSinging don’t worry, ‘bout a thing,VerseWoke up this mornin’Smile with the rising sun,Three little birds, sat by my window,Singing sweet songs, of melodies pure and trueSinging, this is my message to you…
9Characteristics of Reggae Music Off Beat ChordsSyncopated RhythmsRiffs (Bass Line especially)Simple Chord ProgressionVerse Chorus Structure
10Three Little Birds Chord Progression Intro( Play each chord on the + sign (off-beat) 4 times counting )A / / / A / / / A / / / A / / / (4 x 4 = 16 times)ChorusA / / / A / / / D / / / A / / / A / / / A / / / D / / / A / / /VerseA / / / E / / / A / / / D / / / A / / / E / / / D / / / A / / /
11Three Little Birds Bass Riff The riff is a short melodic figure which is repeated through out the piece.Bass instruments will play this one whenever there is an A major chord.
12Three Little Birds Bass Riff When the chord changes the riff is transposed. (Same melody but on a new note)Bass instruments will play this one whenever there is a D major chord.
13Three Little Birds Bass Riff Bass instruments will play this one whenever there is an E major chord.
14Three Little Birds Keyboard Riff This song also has a riff for organ / keyboard.It is only heard in the Chorus.It begins on Beat 2 ( a weak beat). This is an example of Syncopation.Play this when ever there is an A major chord.
15Three Little Birds Keyboard Riff Play this when ever there is a D major chord.
16Performance Time!!!Try playing the Introduction and Chorus of Three Little Birdstogether on the Steel Pans
17PLENARY What were the styles of music that we learnt about today? R _ _ _ S_ _ _ _ _R _ _ _ _ _