12 ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE CURRICULUM Quantities and prices are used to illustrate annual cost method and How it measures economic worthwhile- ness. Equivalent Uniform Annual Cost (EUAC) for department Kshs 149,904,475 per year Unit cost per student Kshs 299,809 per student per year
13 HUMAN NEED Education and Training of Mechanical Engineer
14 DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM This is the stage of quantifying the human need to be met By the object of design stated as Education/Training of Mechanical Engineer. –Summarised in slide 15 Job tasks that the graduate is expected to perform. This is the specifications of requirements of the design.
15 JOB TASKS ENGINEERING GRADUATE WILL PERFORM ENGINEER TASK SYSTEM, PLANT, MACHINE DesignMachines Control syste ms Mechanical plant Hydraulic system s Pneumatic system s Power pla nts Building servi ces etc Production & Installatio n Machines Control syste ms Mechanical plant Hydraulic system s Pneumatic system s Power pla nts Building servi ces etc Operation & Maintena nce Machines Control syste ms Mechanical plant Hydraulic system s Pneumatic system s Power pla nts Building servi ces etc
16 FORMULATE CONCEPT OR PROPOSE SOLUTION Formulating a concept Propose a solution To the problem defined in slide 15 Solution proposed shown in slide 17 Summarising bundles of courses proposed In the Education/Training of Mechanical Engineer.
18 CONCEPT VS PROBLEM Slide 15 -Human needs defined into job tasks to be performed by graduate engineer Slide 17-Concept/proposed solution in thematic subject bundles Compare Slide 15 with Slide 17.
19 ANALYSIS AND OPTIMISATION Analysis and optimisation of concept Breaking down the parts Concept in Slide 17 (bundle of courses) Specifying and quantifying sub parts required Yields detailed design in Slide 4-11 Specifying individual courses Time assigned to each course.
20 PRESENTATION Results can be presented as shown in Slide 21: Summary Specification of curriculum. Slide 17 shows the concept before it is elaborated Detailed curriculum content shown in Slide 4-11, and summarised in Slide 21. Total hours for each bundle of courses in Slide 21 Extracted from the detailed curriculum in Slide 4-11. Slide 17 is the concept and Slide 21 is the design.
21 SPECIFICATIONS OF CURRICULLUM CURRICULUM DESIGNED
22 SPECIFICATIONS OF REQUIREMENTS Slide 17 (concept) is a list of parts, 9 bundles of courses. Slide 21 (design) is a list of the same parts, but Each bundle specified in detail- Slide 4-11 Total of 3593 Accreditation Hours, during a five year period. Slide 21 can be the starting point, designated as specifications of requirements to be met by the design.
23 SPECIFICATIONS OF REQUIREMENTS Designer elaborates details To produce curriculum content in Slide 4-11. This is revising an existing curriculum. New curriculum then based on revising existing curriculum. This avoids “rediscovering the wheel”
24 EVALUATION Job tasks graduate will perform- Slide 15 Matches Proposed curriculum Detailed course content in Slide 4-11 To evaluate Compare Slide 4-11 to Slide 15
25 COURSE CONTENT SPECIFICATIONS-TEXT The text specification necessary for the curriculum is the description of course content shown in Slide 4-11. This description will state the topics to be covered in the course content, and where possible, the scope. This can be used to develop the teaching material such as notes and tutorials.
26 COURSE CONTENT SPECIFICATIONS-TEXT Course content will be prepared in a few lines, probably less than one page This content is then elaborated by teaching materials such as notes and tutorials. Notes and tutorials then describe the course content more accurately.
27 ACADEMIC STAFF SPECIFICATIONS-TEXT This is the human resources required to implement the course content This is summarised in Slide 21 The academic staff list prepared to match curriculum in Slide 4-11
29 SPECIFICATIONS THROUGH DRAWINGS Drawings prepared as part of design of curriculum provide the space required to house the population of learners. Space is required for classrooms and laboratories. Courses listed in Slide 4-11 require classrooms and laboratories for their implementation. This requires to be reviewed even for established courses where changes in student numbers alter the demand for space.
30 SPECIFICATIONS THROUGH DRAWINGS Specification for space required for curriculum University of Nairobi is used as an example Space available is represented by the Engineering Block building Housing Department of Mechanical Engineering. Engineering building plan drawings Ground floor- DRG. NO. 1, Second floor-DRG. NO. 2, Third floor-DRG. NO. 3, Fourth floor-DRG. NO. 4 The planned use of the space in Slide 31-33
31 ENGINEERING BUILDING GROUND FLOORDRG. NO. 1 –Metrology laboratory –Fab lab SECOND FLOORDRG. NO. 2 –Lecture hall 203 –Lecture hall 204 –School drawing office –Third year drawing office –Print and store room
32 ENGINEERING BUILDING THIRD FLOORDRG. NO. 3 –Theory of machines laboratory –Elasticity and plasticity laboratory –Photo-elasticity laboratory –Servo-mechanism laboratory –Vibration laboratory –Store –Head of department (Professor) office FOURTH FLOORDRG. NO. 4 –Material Science Laboratory
33 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Other buildings Lecture Hall E 001 Workshop which houses the rest of the laboratories.
34 BILLS OF QUANTITIES LABORATORIES Drawings-Physical facilities to house learners Course content-text Academic staff list-text Equipment for laboratories –Bills of quantities Equipment list –To match course content and laboratory space
35 TECHNICAL STAFF SPECIFICATIONS-TEXT Technical staff required for course content Classrooms and laboratories require technical staff Match thematic areas for academic staff- Slide 28 –repeated in slide 36 For staff to operate and maintain space and equipment within it.
37 SPECIFICATION FOR MAINTENANCE AND CONSUMABLE MATERIALS Maintenance spares for equipment Consumable materials for laboratories Can also be presented in detail that match courses listed in Slide 4-11, Summarised into the thematic areas Tallying with Slide 38
38 SPECIFICATIONS OF CURRICULLUM CURRICULUM DESIGNED
39 IMPLEMENTATION OF CURRICULUM Specifications of curriculum completed Implementing curriculum 1)Building of facilities, 2)Acquisition of equipment, 3)Recruitment of academic and technical staff 4)Operation and maintenance. –Maintenance and consumable materials. Operation and maintenance is a continous management activity –With recurrent costs Costs are to be covered in annual budgets.
40 ECONOMIC EVALUATION OF THE CURRICULUM Economic evaluation of curriculum is shown in Slide 12, Curriculum designed with facilities and staff to service 500 students. Annual cost method is used To estimate the annual cost for department and per student The quantities used are rough approximations Quantities and prices do not reflect the true cost.
41 DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS 1)List and content of courses- SLIDE 4-11 2)Academic staff- courses- SLIDE 4-11 3)Classroom space- courses- SLIDE 4-11 4)Classroom equipment- courses- SLIDE 4-11 5)Laboratory space in DRG 1-4 6)Laboratory equipment in DRG 1-4 7)Technical staff for DRG 1-4 8)Economic worthwhile-ness Slide 12
42 END DESIGN OF CURRICULUM BACHELOR OF SCIENCE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 3593 HOURS-5 YEARS