30Components of Greek drama Performed for special occasion to celebrate the seasons or some important civic eventIt was competitive. Prizes were awarded.They featured CHORAL singing and dancing…the chorus was comprised of from 3 to 50 members.The plays were based upon familiar stories and myths.
31Types of Greek Drama TRAGEDY COMEDY SATYR PLAYS Comedy and tragedy were the most popular types of plays in ancient Greece. Hence the modern popularity of the comedy and tragedy masks to symbolize theatre.
32Aeschylus 524 – 456 BC The Persians Seven Against Thebes The SuppliantsThe OresteiaAgamemnonThe Libation BearersThe EumenidesPrometheus Bound
72The Royal Theatres of Europe defined the Neoclassical age Theories of drama were adapted from Aristotle Development of neoclassical ideal of “reasonableness” Onstage violence eliminated Strict unity of style and genre Theatres were moved indoors to encourage new stagecraft
77After Neoclassicism came the Romantic Era A rebellion against Neoclassicism and its rigidity and decorumThe dominant form of the 18th and 19th centuriesCelebrated the exotic and grotesque and emphasized the individual over societyFocused on compassion rather than styleGave rise to the form of melodrama
78Major authors of the romantic age In Germany Johan Wolfgang von Goethe Friedrich von Schiller In France Victor Hugo
80Theatre in the East is rich and diverse ASIAN Theatre is never just spoken, but danced, chanted, mimed and sung Dramatic language is rhythmic and melodic and sound has multiple meanings Eastern forms of theatre are more visual and sensual than literary or intellectual
81There is a strong emphasis upon storytelling, but is not tightly plotted It has a rich and long heritage, literally hundreds and thousands of years Asian theatre forms are highly stylized Actors train in traditional forms through an intense apprentice system Asian theatre is deeply traditional with significant connections to folk history, ancient religions and cultural myths
82Indian Sanskrit DramaDates from 200 BC. Performed indoors. Natyasastra (treatise on theatre) dates from around 100 a.d.
91Kabuki Theatreka (song) – bu (dance) – ki (skill)
92Two major forms – history plays and domestic plays
93Modern kabuki actors are descended from 11 families dating to the beginnings of the form. Sakata TojuroTojuro playing the courtesan Ohatsu opposite his son Nakamura Kanjaku as her lover Tokubei in "Sonezaki Shinju"
98Theatrical Tradition: East & West COHEN identifies twelve great theatre traditions Greek Roman Medieval Renaissance Royal (Neoclassical) Romantic Sanskrit Kathakali Xiqu Noh Kabuki BunrakuAll of these traditions influencedTHE MODERN THEATRE