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ANCIENT IRELAND NEOLITHIC IRELAND LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS.

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Presentation on theme: "ANCIENT IRELAND NEOLITHIC IRELAND LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANCIENT IRELAND NEOLITHIC IRELAND LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

2 LEARNING OBJECTIVES 1. To understand the Burial customs of the Neolithic Period 2. To understand key terms relating to the burial customs 3. To be able to recognise the type of burial custom via images  Key Terms:  Court  Passage  Cremated  Burial Chamber  Cairn  Portal Dolmen  Corbelled roof LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

3 The Neolithic built tombs called megaliths to honour their dead.  There were three main type of tombs: 1. Court cairns 2. Portal dolmens 3. Passage tombs LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

4  Almost 400 Court Cairns were built (mainly in the North of Ireland)  Shape: Semi-circular court (open space) in front, with an entrance leading into a burial chamber.  Cairns: small mound of smaller stones that covered the burial chamber  The Court was used for religious ceremonies and cremation LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

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6  200 found!  Shape: Three large upright stones supported a very large Dolmen (Capstone) – up to 40 tonnes in weight!! - Portal: Two large upright stones acted as supports for the Dolmen - Dolmen: the capstone that was laid on the top of the Portals. - The tombs were partly covered by smaller stones, leaving the entrance open.  Bodies were cremated and placed into pots inside the chamber LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

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8  Over 300 found!!  Get their name from the long passage leading from the entrance to a burial chamber inside. LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

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10  Newgrange has a circular mound that covers a long passage leading to a cross- shaped burial chamber.  Shape: the passage has upright stones along both sides, with large flat stones placed on the top to from a roof.  The roof of the chamber is corbelled – this was built by placing flat stones one on top of the other, with the one on top placed slightly in front of the other. LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

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12  The most famous feature of Newgrange is the small opening or ‘roof box’ situated above the passage entrance.  On the 21 st of December each year, the rising sun sends its light through the roof- box and along the passage until the rays of light hit the back wall of the chamber  Marked the start of the New Year-- a sign of nature’s rebirth and promising renewed life to crops, animals and humans. LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

13 NEOLITHIC ARTWORK  At the entrance to the tomb, there is a large stone which is an example of Neolithic artwork.  They used spirals, circles and triangles ! LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

14  LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

15 What does Newgrange tell us about the people who built it? 1. They were well organised 2. They were great builders 3. They had a religion and believed in the afterlife 4. They were astronomers and mathematicians 5. They had many skilled craftsmen. LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS

16 Key Terms:  Court  Passage  Cremated  Burial Chamber  Cairn  Portal Dolmen  Corbelled roof Homework  Write up key terms in back of notebook using notes and the book pg and revise! LEARNING OBJECTIVE - TO UNDERSTAND NEOLITHIC BURIAL CUSTOMS


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